AP European History Unit Exams. Multiple Choice Grading:. Each question is worth 3 points. You lose 2 points for each incorrect answer.
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Impact: 25 right out of 50 questions (50% correct) becomes a 100 out of 150 grade (67%). 35 right out of 50 questions (70% correct) becomes a 120 out of 150 grade (80%). 44 out of 50 correct is the lowest A (138/150—92%).
This grading format was create to simulate the old College Board grading (0.25 point deduction for an incorrect answer and 0 point deduction for an unanswered question). This is NOT the way the College Board AP test is graded any more. Now the grading format is used because these are hard tests.
Simply giving a chronological list of events does not constitute “analysis.” For example:
Spain was powerful before the Thirty Years War. It decreased in power afterwards. France gained power. The Treaty of Westphalia was written in French. Also, the Holy Roman Empire was left fragmented after the Thirty Years War.
As a direct result of Spain’s attempt to defend Catholicism in Europe during the Thirty Years War, it was left weak in its aftermath. France, on the other hand, benefited from its involvement and the weakening of the Habsburg Empire. An example of French dominance over Europe in the second half of the 17th century is that the Treaty of Westphalia was written in French, recognized as the diplomatic language of that time. But possibly the greatest shift of power was within the Holy Roman Empire itself. The empire, divided before the war, was left more fragmented afterwards as both Lutheranism and Calvinism gained support within. Over 300 independent states existed within the empire, with only Austria and Prussia being powerful on the European stage. The Holy Roman Empire was left after 1648, as Voltaire describe it, “Neither holy, Roman, nor an empire.” Central Europe remained absent of a major international power.