\"The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man; and we see them everywhere brought into different degrees of activity, according to the different circumstances of civil society.\" James Madison, Federalist
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5: The Cultures of Colonial North America, 1700-1780
"The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man; and we see them everywhere brought into different degrees of activity, according to the different circumstances of civil society." James Madison, Federalist #10
1. What were the principal colonial regions of North America? Discuss their similarities and differences. Contrast the development of their political systems.
2. Why did the Spanish and the French close their colonies to immigration? Why did the British open theirs? How do you explain the ethnic homogeneity of New England and the ethnic pluralism of New York and Pennsylvania?
3. What were the principal trends in the history of Indian America in the eighteenth century?
4. Discuss the development of class differences in the Spanish, French, and British colonies in the eighteenth century.
5. Discuss the effects of the Great Awakening on the subsequent history of the British colonies.
1636 Harvard College founded
1644 Roger Williams's Bloudy Tenent of Persecution
1662 Half-Way Covenant in New England
1674 Bishopric of Quebec established
1680s William Penn begins recruiting settlers from the European Continent
1682 Mary Rowlandson's Sovereignty & Goodness of God
1689 Toleration Act passed by Parliament
1690s Beginnings of Jesuit missions in Arizona
1693 College of William and Mary founded
1700s Plains Indians domesticate the horse
1701 Yale College founded; Iroquois sign treaty of neutrality with France
1704 Deerfield raid
1708 Saybrook Platform in Connecticut
1716 Spanish begin Texas missions
1718 French found New Orleans
1730s French decimate the Natchez and defeat the Fox Indians
1732 Ben Franklin begins publishingPoor Richard's Almanac
1733 Georgia founded
1734 Great Awakening begins
1735 John Peter Zenger acquitted from libeling New York’s governor
1738 George Whitefield first tours the colonies
1740s Great Awakening gets under way in the Northwest
1740 Parliament passes a naturalization law for the colonies
1746 College of New Jersey (Princeton) founded
1760s Great Awakening - full impact in South
1769 Spanish colonization of CA begins (Father Junípero Serra)
1773 Pope Clement XIV abolished Society of Jesus (resurrected Pope Pius VII, 1814)
1775 Indian revolt at San Diego
1776 San Francisco founded
1781 Los Angeles founded
C:North American Regions
From Deerfield to Kahnawake
Crossing Cultural Boundaries
D: Diverging Social and Political Patterns
E: The Cultural Transformation of British North America
Acrostic, by Benjamin Franklin
B-e to thy parents an obedient son,
E-ach day let duty constantly be done.
N-ever give way to sloth or lust or pride,
I-f free you'd be from thousand ills beside;
A-bove all ills, be sure avoid the shelf'
M-an's danger lies in Satan, sin, and self.
I-n virtue, learning, wisdom progress make,
N-e'er shrink at surrendering for thy Saviour's sake.
F-raud and all falsehood in thy dealings flee,
R-eligious always in thy station be,
A-dore the maker of thy inward part.
N-ow's the accepted time; give God thy heart
K-eep a good conscience, 'tis a constant friend;
L-ike a judge and witness this thy act attend.
I-n heart, with bended knee, alone, adore
N-one but the Three-in-One forevermore.