Transition Metal Basics

Transition Metal Basics PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What are Transition Metals?. A transition metal is one that forms stable ions that have incomplete d orbitals.Although zinc is in the d block it is often not regarded as a transition metal since in its only common oxidation state ( 2), it has a complete d orbital (d10)). Transition metals tend to

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Transition Metal Basics

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1. Transition Metal Basics Why study them? (c) Chemistry Collaborative

2. What are Transition Metals? A transition metal is one that forms stable ions that have incomplete d orbitals. Although zinc is in the d block it is often not regarded as a transition metal since in its only common oxidation state (+2), it has a complete d orbital (d10)). Transition metals tend to have several different oxidation states (charges) since the s and d electrons have similar energies. This means there are no “big jumps” in successive ionization energies and therefore greater numbers of electrons can be removed. (c) Chemistry Collaborative

3. Important Fact about Transition Metals It is vitally important to remember that the s electrons are the first to be removed when these elements form ions. Write the electron configuration of these species. Fe2+ Co2+ Mn7+ (c) Chemistry Collaborative

4. Two Characteristic Properties of Transition Metals 1. Transitions metals form a variety of colored ions. (c) Chemistry Collaborative

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