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Parliamentarians and Mainstreaming Energy Access. Gregory Woodsworth Energy Policy Advisor United Nations Development Programme. EAC energy access strategy. 84% of households use biomass 3% rural, 32% urban connected to grid Bonn Conference, GFSE, E4D

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parliamentarians and mainstreaming energy access

Parliamentarians and Mainstreaming Energy Access

Gregory Woodsworth

Energy Policy Advisor

United Nations Development Programme

eac energy access strategy
EAC energy access strategy
  • 84% of households use biomass
  • 3% rural, 32% urban connected to grid
  • Bonn Conference, GFSE, E4D
  • Ministers: Move beyond Business as Usual
  • Commitment to meet the MDGs
  • MDG framework: domestic fuels, electricity where cost effective, motive power
  • Energy Access = Electrification from national grid
slide3

Sources

Extraction

Treatment

Conversion

Technologies

Carriers

(fuels)

Distribution

Electricity, grid,

truck,

railway,

women

Service

Technologies

Services

transportation

communication

keeping warm/cold

food

potable water

health care

security

consumer goods

Architecture of the Energy System

coal oil natural gas sunlight wind biomass

Coal mining, tree felling, oil/gas recovery etc

Coal/gas fired power plant, photovoltaic panels wind turbines, biogas digester

electricity

charcoal biofuels

LPG/propane

light bulb, automobile, refrigerator, gas stove, arc welder, water pump

energy access strategy profile
Energy Access Strategy Profile
  • will provide improved energy access for about 50% (48 million people) of the region’s population.
  • Energy access targets can be met with an approach that has high impact, low cost and is scaleable by 2015
  • Development of priority MDG-based energy access investment programmes
  • EAC - regional coordinating institution
mdg based energy targets for 2015
MDG-based Energy targets for 2015

Target 1: Enable the use of modern fuels for 50% of those who at present use traditional biomass for cooking - improved cookstoves, reduce indoor air pollution, increase sustainable biomass production.

Target 2: Access to electricity for all urban and peri-urban poor.

Target 3: Access to modern energy services such as lighting, refrigeration, information and communication technology, and water treatment and supply forall schools, clinics, hospitals and community centres.

Target 4: Access to mechanical power within the community for all communities for heating and productive uses.

overall investment plan

Uses of funds

Sources of funds

Overall Investment Plan

US$M

$290

$290

Soft costs

$510

$3500

$220

$1020

$3000

$2660

Total:

$3170

Baseline subsidy

$1050

$2500

$2000

$1610

$1500

$1000

$500

$0

Capital Expenditure

Programs

Loan Guarantees

Conces-sional Finance

National Budget and Donor Grants

End User

Willingness to Pay

mainstreaming energy access
Mainstreaming Energy Access
  • Investments will not happen without prioritization of energy access
  • Mainstreaming energy access at present:
    • Political commitment; approval by EAC Council of Ministers and Heads of State (top down)
    • Technical response; multi-sectoral working groups (bottom up)
working hypothesis
Working Hypothesis

Aligning political commitment, public policy and public expenditure.

Strategies that provide:

  • regional and national quantifiable and time-bound energy access targets,
  • programme implementation frameworks,
  • investment plans, and
  • Backed by political commitment,

present Parlimentarians the means to influence the policy framework (PRSP) and budgetary allocations (MTEF)

Mechanisms:

  • finance/budget committees and
  • sector committees
  • Special cases: Constituency Development Funds
more questions than answers
More Questions than Answers
  • Role of parliament in influencing energy access policy framework and budgetary allocations?
  • What can parliamentarians do with a regional strategy vs. energy access legislation?
  • Relationship between regional and national assemblies?
  • What are the most effective interventions?
    • Awareness raising?
    • Capacity building?
    • Model legislation?
    • Technical support?
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