Parliamentarians and mainstreaming energy access
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Parliamentarians and Mainstreaming Energy Access. Gregory Woodsworth Energy Policy Advisor United Nations Development Programme. EAC energy access strategy. 84% of households use biomass 3% rural, 32% urban connected to grid Bonn Conference, GFSE, E4D

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Parliamentarians and Mainstreaming Energy Access

Gregory Woodsworth

Energy Policy Advisor

United Nations Development Programme


EAC energy access strategy

  • 84% of households use biomass

  • 3% rural, 32% urban connected to grid

  • Bonn Conference, GFSE, E4D

  • Ministers: Move beyond Business as Usual

  • Commitment to meet the MDGs

  • MDG framework: domestic fuels, electricity where cost effective, motive power

  • Energy Access = Electrification from national grid


Sources

Extraction

Treatment

Conversion

Technologies

Carriers

(fuels)

Distribution

Electricity, grid,

truck,

railway,

women

Service

Technologies

Services

transportation

communication

keeping warm/cold

food

potable water

health care

security

consumer goods

Architecture of the Energy System

coal oil natural gas sunlight wind biomass

Coal mining, tree felling, oil/gas recovery etc

Coal/gas fired power plant, photovoltaic panels wind turbines, biogas digester

electricity

charcoal biofuels

LPG/propane

light bulb, automobile, refrigerator, gas stove, arc welder, water pump


Development of the Energy Access Strategy

August 2005

November 2006


Energy Access Strategy Profile

  • will provide improved energy access for about 50% (48 million people) of the region’s population.

  • Energy access targets can be met with an approach that has high impact, low cost and is scaleable by 2015

  • Development of priority MDG-based energy access investment programmes

  • EAC - regional coordinating institution


MDG-based Energy targets for 2015

Target 1: Enable the use of modern fuels for 50% of those who at present use traditional biomass for cooking - improved cookstoves, reduce indoor air pollution, increase sustainable biomass production.

Target 2: Access to electricity for all urban and peri-urban poor.

Target 3: Access to modern energy services such as lighting, refrigeration, information and communication technology, and water treatment and supply forall schools, clinics, hospitals and community centres.

Target 4: Access to mechanical power within the community for all communities for heating and productive uses.


Uses of funds

Sources of funds

Overall Investment Plan

US$M

$290

$290

Soft costs

$510

$3500

$220

$1020

$3000

$2660

Total:

$3170

Baseline subsidy

$1050

$2500

$2000

$1610

$1500

$1000

$500

$0

Capital Expenditure

Programs

Loan Guarantees

Conces-sional Finance

National Budget and Donor Grants

End User

Willingness to Pay


Mainstreaming Energy Access

  • Investments will not happen without prioritization of energy access

  • Mainstreaming energy access at present:

    • Political commitment; approval by EAC Council of Ministers and Heads of State (top down)

    • Technical response; multi-sectoral working groups (bottom up)


Working Hypothesis

Aligning political commitment, public policy and public expenditure.

Strategies that provide:

  • regional and national quantifiable and time-bound energy access targets,

  • programme implementation frameworks,

  • investment plans, and

  • Backed by political commitment,

    present Parlimentarians the means to influence the policy framework (PRSP) and budgetary allocations (MTEF)

    Mechanisms:

  • finance/budget committees and

  • sector committees

  • Special cases: Constituency Development Funds


More Questions than Answers

  • Role of parliament in influencing energy access policy framework and budgetary allocations?

  • What can parliamentarians do with a regional strategy vs. energy access legislation?

  • Relationship between regional and national assemblies?

  • What are the most effective interventions?

    • Awareness raising?

    • Capacity building?

    • Model legislation?

    • Technical support?


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