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Personal Protective Equipment. INSY 3020/ENH670 Spring 2007. Why do PPE Assessments?. Required by OSHA Standard 1910.132 The employer shall assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present or likely to be present

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Personal protective equipment

Personal Protective Equipment

INSY 3020/ENH670

Spring 2007


Why do ppe assessments
Why do PPE Assessments?

  • Required by OSHA Standard 1910.132

    • The employer shall assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present or likely to be present

    • Employer shall verify that the required hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification.

  • Hazards are typically present!


Objectives of a ppe assessment
Objectives of a PPE Assessment

  • Discover hazards in the workplace

  • Determine who is at risk

  • Provide appropriate PPE recommendations


When to use ppe
When to use PPE?

  • When engineering or administrative controls can not control hazards.

  • Types of hazards may include:


Sources of hazards
Sources of Hazards

  • Sources of Motion (machinery, vehicles)

  • Sources of Temperature Extremes

  • Chemical Exposure (splashing)

  • Sources of Harmful Dust (sand blasting)

  • Sources of Light Radiation (welding)

  • Sources of Falling Objects (construction)

  • Sources of Sharps Objects (tools)

  • Sources of Rolling or Pinching Objects (tools)


Regulatory other standards
Regulatory & Other Standards

OSHA Standard - 1910.132

  • The Employer shall provide PPE wherever needed when hazards are present which may cause injury.

    • Eye and Face Protection

      • OSHA 1910.133

    • Respiratory Protection

      • OSHA 1910.134

    • Head Protection

      • OSHA 1910.135

    • Foot Protection

      • OSHA 1910.136

    • Hand Protection

      • OSHA 1910.138


Regulatory other standards1
Regulatory & Other Standards

  • ANSI Standards for PPE, equipment must had ANSI rating

    • Eye and Face Protection (ANSI Z87.1-1989)

    • Head Protection (ANSI Z89.1-1986)

    • Foot Protection (ANSI Z41.1-1991)

    • Gloves (None)


Types of ppe covered by a ppe assessment
Types of PPE Covered by a PPE Assessment

  • Arm and Hand Protection

  • Body Protection

  • Eye and Face Protection

  • Foot Protection

  • Head Protection


Hazards usually not addressed in a general ppe assessment
Hazards usually not addressed in a general PPE assessment

  • Noise

  • Blood-borne pathogens

  • Respiratory Protection Needs

  • Confined Spaces

  • Hazard Waste/Emergency Response



Hand ppe
Hand PPE

  • Appropriate protection shall be used to protect from:

    • Absorption of harmful substances

    • Severe cuts

    • Lacerations

    • Abrasions

    • Punctures

    • Chemical Burns

    • Thermal Burns

    • Harmful Temperature Extremes




Eye and face protection
Eye and Face Protection

Thousands of people are blinded each year from work-related eye injuries. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), nearly three out of five workers are injured while failing to wear eye and face protection.


Osha requirements
OSHA Requirements

  • OSHA Standards

  • Training and Qualifications

  • Criteria for PPE

  • Contacts and Prescription (Rx) Lenses

  • Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards


Training and qualification
Training and Qualification

  • When PPE is necessary

  • What PPE is necessary

  • How to properly don, doff, adjust, and wear PPE

  • The limitations of the PPE

  • The proper care, maintenance, useful life, and disposal of the PPE

1910.132(f), Employees shall be trained to know at least the following:


Training and qualification1
Training and Qualification

  • Changes in the workplace

  • Changes in the types of PPE to be used

  • Inadequacies in an affected employee’s knowledge or use of assigned PPE indicate that the employee has not retained the requisite understanding or skill

Retraining is required, but not limited to, the following situations:


Ppe requirements
PPE Requirements

Eye and face protection must comply with the American National Standards Institute, ANSI Z87.1-1989 if purchased after July 5, 1994, or ANSI Z87.1-1968 if purchased before July 5, 1994.

  • 1910.133(b)(1)

  • 1915.153(b)

  • 1926.102(a)


Contacts and rx lenses
Contacts and Rx Lenses

Employers must ensure that employees who wear prescription (Rx) lenses or contacts use PPE that incorporates the prescription or use eye protection that can be worn over prescription lenses.

  • 1910.133(a)(3)

  • 1915.153(a)(3)

  • 1926.102(a)(3)


Protecting employees from workplace hazards
Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards

Employees must be provided with eye and face protection equipment when machines or operations present potential eye or face injury from physical, chemical, or radiation agents. [1926.102(a)(1)]


Protecting employees from workplace hazards1
Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards

PPE devices alone should not be relied on to provide protection against hazards, but should be used in conjunction with guards, engineering controls, and sound manufacturing practices.

(1910 Subpart I Appendix B)



Impact hazards safety spectacles
Impact Hazards: Safety Spectacles

Safety spectacles are intended to shield the wearer's eyes from impact hazards such as flying fragments, objects, large chips, and particles.

Workers are required to use eye safety spectacles with side shields when there is a hazard from flying objects.

1910.133(a)(2) 1915.153(a)(2)


Impact hazards safety goggles
Impact Hazards: Safety Goggles

Safety goggles are intended to shield the wearer's eyes from impact hazards such as flying fragments, objects, large chips, and particles.

Goggles fit the face immediately surrounding the eyes and form a protective seal around the eyes. This prevents objects from entering under or around the goggles. 


Impact hazards face shields
Impact Hazards: Face Shields

Face shields are intended to protect the entire face, or portions thereof, from impact hazards such as flying fragments, objects, large chips, and particles.

When worn alone, face shields do not protect employees from impact hazards. Use face shields in combination with safety spectacles or goggles for additional protection. 


Heat hazards safety spectacles
Heat Hazards: Safety Spectacles

Safety spectacles with side shields are used as primary protection to shield the eyes from heat hazards.

To adequately protect the eyes and face from high temperature exposure, use safety spectacles in combination with a heat-reflective face shield.


Heat hazards safety goggles
Heat Hazards: Safety Goggles

Safety goggles are used as primary protection to shield the eyes from heat hazards. Goggles form a protective seal around the eyes, preventing objects or liquids from entering under or around the goggles. This is especially important when working with or around molten metals that may splash. 


Heat hazards face shields
Heat Hazards: Face Shields

Heat-reflective and wire-screen face shields are intended to shield the entire face from a range of heat hazards.

Face shields are considered secondary protectors to be used inaddition to primary protection such as safety spectacles or goggles.


Chemical hazards safety goggles
Chemical Hazards: Safety Goggles

Safety goggles protect the eyes, eye sockets, and the facial area immediately surrounding the eyes from a variety of chemical hazards. Goggles form a protective seal around the eyes, preventing objects or liquids from entering under or around the goggles.


Chemical hazards face shields
Chemical Hazards: Face Shields

Face shields are intended to protect the entire face from a variety of chemical hazards.

All face shields are considered secondary protection and must be used inaddition to safety goggles to provide adequate protection.


Dust hazards safety goggles
Dust Hazards: Safety Goggles

Goggles form a protective seal around the eyes, preventing nuisance dust from entering under or around the goggles. Ventilation should be adequate, but well protected from dust entry.


Optical radiation filter lenses
Optical Radiation: Filter Lenses

Wearing protection with the correct filter shade number is required to protect workers’ eyes from optical radiation. When selecting PPE, consider the type and degree of radiant energy in the workplace.

  • 1910.133(a)(5) -General Industry

  • 1915.153 (a)(4) -Maritime

  • 1926.102(b)(1) -Construction


Optical radiation welding
Optical Radiation: Welding

Welding helmets are secondary protectors intended to shield the eyes and face from optical radiation, heat, and impact.

Use welding helmets in addition to primary protection such as safety spectacles or goggles to provide adequate protection. 


Optical radiation lasers
Optical Radiation: Lasers

Workers with exposure to laser beams must be furnished suitable laser safety goggles which will:

  • Protect for the specific wavelength of the laser

  • Be of optical density adequate for the energy involved

    [1926.102(b)(2)]


Optical radiation glare
Optical Radiation: Glare

Control Glare with:

  • Special-Purpose Spectaclesthat include filter or special-purpose lenses to provide protection against eye strain.

  • Changes in your work area or lighting

  • Tinted eyeglass lenses or visor-type shade


Eye and face ppe
Eye and Face PPE

  • Protectors must meet the following minimum requirements:

    • Provide adequate protection against the particular hazards for which they are designed;

    • Be reasonably comfortable when worn under the designated conditions;

    • Fit snugly without interfering with the movements or vision of the wearer;

    • Be durable;

    • Be capable of being disinfected;

    • Be easily cleanable;

    • Be kept clean and in good repair.


Use of foot protection
Use of Foot Protection

  • Steel-Reinforced Safety Shoes

    • These shoes are designed to protect feet from common machinery hazards such as falling or rolling objects, cuts, and punctures

      • The entire toe box and insole are reinforced with steel

      • Instep is protected by steel, aluminum, or plastic materials.

      • Safety shoes are also designed to insulate against temperature extremes

      • May be equipped with special soles to guard against slip, chemicals, and/or electrical hazards.

  • Safety Boots

    • Safety boots offer more protection when splash or spark hazards (chemicals, molten materials) are present.


Examples of ppe
Examples of PPE

Adam

  • Body Protection

Shaman


Body protection ppe
Body Protection PPE

  • Scrubs, lab coats

  • X-Ray Technicians, lead aprons (covered under other guidelines)

  • Extreme Temperatures

  • Chemical Decontamination


Examples of ppe findings
Examples of PPE Findings

  • Head Protection


Head protection ppe
Head Protection PPE

  • Head Protection

    • Type I: helmets with full brim, not less than 1 and 1/4 inches wide

    • Type II: brimless helmets with a peak extending forward from the crown


Head protection
Head Protection

Type I Helmet

Type II Helmet


Electrical protection classes
Electrical Protection Classes

  • Z89.1

    • A - Low-voltage (2200 volts)

    • B - High-voltage (20,000 volts)

    • C - No electrical protection

  • Z89.1 – 1997

    • General (2,200 Volts)

    • Electrical (20,000 Volts)

    • Conductive Not Tested



Assessment process
Assessment Process

  • Schedule PPE assessment

  • Opening and closing conference with Department Leaders

  • Gather appropriate assessment team: Safety Officer, EHS, Administration, Department Leaders as needed.


Assessment process cont
Assessment Process (cont.)

  • Use an Assessment Form to collect data

  • Provide a Written Report, PPE recommendations

  • Assist in selection of PPE

  • Follow-up surveys


Follow up assessments
Follow-up Assessments

  • JCAHO/OSHA Reviews

  • Hazard Surveillance Walk-through

  • As job processes or procedures are added or modified, specific assessments should be done


Care of ppe
Care of PPE

  • Cleaning

  • Storage

  • Use

    • The employee must know the limitations of the clothing used.






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