TRINNEX - OPPORTUNITIES IN THE PACIFIC TRADE, INVESTMENT and TOURISM SUPPLY CHAIN ” 29-31 August 2010 The Melanesian Hotel, Port Vila, Vanuatu. Review of the Current Regional Trade and Integration Initiatives, including the PICTA and the EPA. Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. Background
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TRINNEX - OPPORTUNITIES IN THE PACIFIC TRADE, INVESTMENT and TOURISM SUPPLY CHAIN”
29-31 August 2010
The Melanesian Hotel, Port Vila, Vanuatu
Review of the Current Regional Trade and Integration Initiatives, including the PICTA and the EPA
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat
Background TOURISM SUPPLY CHAIN
The EU has been negotiating EPAs with the ACP States since September 2002.
Negotiations in the PACP region commenced in 2004.
EPA to be negotiated must be “instruments for development” furthering poverty reduction, sustainable development, regional integration and integration into the world economy.
Developments in the PACP-EU EPA Negotiations September 2002.
Negotiations in 2008
Signing of the IEPA by PNG and Fiji September 2002.
PICTA (trade in goods) September 2002.
The TMNP Scheme should facilitate movement of professionals and skilled workers within the FICsPurpose of the TMNP Scheme
1. easy to administer, utilising existing systems and skilled workers within the FICs
2. easy to use; in particular it must offer an easier route into employment in FICs than the current system
3. economical for those who participate in it
Central to the scheme’s design must be the ‘customer experience’ of the prospective temporary worker.
Note: the scheme does not replace the existing work
work permits regime
The FIC TMNP Scheme therefore should be:
Tier 1 and skilled workers within the FICs
Professionals who have aminimum of a bachelors degree from a recognised university with a minimum of 3 years of work experience
Semi-skilled /trades professionals who have a minimum of diploma or certificate with a minimum of resp. 3 and 5 yeaers of work experienceDefining the Tiers
[ie. Passport holders and PRs]
No quota restriction
as Tier 1
Subject to a quota
As a first step to progress implementation of and skilled workers within the FICs
the TMNP Scheme, FICs to:
Annual minimum quota of Tier 2 workers
FIC Workforce Categories and Suggested Minimum Tier 2 Quota and skilled workers within the FICs
Niue, Tuvalu, Nauru (<5,000)……………………………20 (2.58-0.96 %)
Cook Islands, Palau (5,000-10,000)……………………30 (0.31-0.51 %)
RMI, Kiribati, FSM, Tonga, Samoa (10,000-50,000)…40 (0.14-0.39 %)
Solomon Islands, Vanuatu (50,000-100,000)..………50 (0.07-0.09 %)
Fiji (100,000-500,000)……………………………………250 (0.04 %)
Papua New Guinea (>500,000).…………………………500 (0.02 %)
FIC Total TMNP allocation………………………………1020 (0.07 %)Minimum quota calculation
TIER 1 + TIER 2
Use of a Card or Certificate
Duration of employment contract; max 3 yrs
Fees confined to administrative costs only
TIER 1 + TIER 2
Entry visa (called a PICTA TMNP Visa) upon arrival in host country
The PICTA TMNP Visa also serves as a work permit
Bonds (cost of a return air ticket) to be paid by employers to undertake responsibility for ensuring the employee complies with their immigration status.
Responsibilities of the home country and skilled workers within the FICs
Ensure workers understand their rights and the restrictions placed on them
Maintain an effective and secure system for certifying applicants
Required action- designated authority in each FIC to put in place measures to address this during processing and vetting of applicants.
Responsibilities of the host country
effective regulation of the work environment
decent pay and work conditions relative to local workers
basic human rights are respected
penalising employers as appropriate
Required action- FICs to put in place appropriate laws and regulationsEnforcement
Responsibilities of the employer to and skilled workers within the FICs
applicant is eligible to work
Action required-FIC to put in place measures to ensure employer
compliance. Employers responsible for employees and subjected to
penalties if they breach the responsibilities
Responsibilities of the employee and skilled workers within the FICs
provide accurate and honest the information required
abide by the terms of the scheme, their contract of employment, and the laws of the host country.
Action required-laws and regulations put in place to regulate
TMNP employees and penalise employees that breach the
conditions of TMNP employmentEnforcement
Regional oversight is required to: scheme- eg Ministry for Trade
regional focal point for the scheme-ease of reference and information
Management of the scheme
provide a registry for those who participate
inspect, monitor and advise on country processes for the proposed PICTA TMNP Scheme
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat recommended to provide regional oversight
Action required -FICs to consider the practicalities of utilising existing regional agencies such as PIFS to provide oversight and as a registry for the schemeRegional Oversight
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat scheme- eg Ministry for Trade
Lead regional management role for the scheme
Provide central registry
Maintain up to date information on the scheme
Maintain website on the schemeRegional Stakeholders
South Pacific Board of Educational Assessment scheme- eg Ministry for Trade
benchmarks for occupations
Pacific Immigration Directors Conference scheme- eg Ministry for Trade
Thank you Scheme