Pronouns
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Pronouns. Why Use Pronouns?. Pronouns stand in for nouns, so you don’t have to repeat yourself. Restate the following sentence as if you were Jacob:. Jacob broke the window when Jacob hit the baseball with Jacob’s bat. I broke the window when I hit the baseball with my bat.

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Pronouns

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Pronouns

Pronouns


Why use pronouns

Why Use Pronouns?

  • Pronouns stand in for nouns, so you don’t have to repeat yourself.

  • Restate the following sentence as if you were Jacob:

  • Jacob broke the window when Jacob hit the baseball with Jacob’s bat.

  • I broke the window when I hit the baseball with my bat.


3 kinds of personal pronouns

3 Kinds of Personal Pronouns:


Identify the personal pronoun

Identify the personal pronoun.

  • When I turned on the lie detector, it told me it had a headache.

  • “I can’t believe you ate thirty-nine kumquats,” said Tom to his brother.

  • Gertrude threw the banana cream pie at the judge, but she later apologized.

  • Alvin asked Tim to loan him his skateboard, but Tim said, “Buy your own!”

When I turned on the lie detector, it told me it had a headache.

“I can’t believe you ate thirty-nine kumquats,” said Tom to his brother.

Gertrude threw the banana cream pie at the judge, but she later apologized.

Alvin asked Tim to loan himhis skateboard, but Tim said, “Buy your own!”


Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

  • Reflexive pronouns are pronouns which end with the suffix –self or –selves

  • These pronouns name a person or thing that receives an action when that same person or thing is the one performing the action

  • Example:We laughed at ourselves.

  • Write your own example and share it with the class.


Myself oneself himself herself itself yourself yourselves ourselves themselves

myself oneself himself herself itself yourself yourselves ourselves themselves

  • Miss Apple always says to the class, “Behave________ out there!”

  • Beatrice considers _______ the roller blade champion of Junction City.

  • If you worry _______ about the world too much, you will tie _________ in knots.

  • The tornado blew ____ out before it reached Kansas.

Use a reflexive pronoun for each sentence.


Demonstrative pronouns

that

those

FARTHER AWAY

this

these

NEARBY

DEMONSTRATIVE Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

  • Demonstrative pronouns help you demonstrate by pointing out a person, place, or thing

  • There are only four: this, that, these, those

    • Thisandthese point to what is nearby

    • That and those point to what is farther away


Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite Pronouns

  • Indefinite pronouns refer to people, places, or things in a general way.

  • When an indefinite pronoun is the subject of a sentence, the verb must agree in number with the pronoun.


Remember

Remember

  • Indefinite pronouns that are singular are used with singular verbs.

    • Everyoneis smart.

  • Indefinite pronouns that are always plural are used with plural verbs.

    • Many of my presents are hidden beneath the bed.


On your own

On Your Own

  • Write a sentence using a singular indefinite pronoun.

  • Write a sentence using a plural indefinite pronoun.


Interrogative pronouns

which

Interrogative Pronouns

  • a pronoun used in order to ask a question

  • often it has no antecedent because the antecedent is unknown

whom

who

what

whose


Interrogative pronouns example

Interrogative Pronouns- Example

  • What did you say?

  • Who said that?


Possessive pronouns

Possessive Pronouns

  • Use possessive forms of personal pronouns to show ownership

  • Some possessive pronouns come before nouns

    • I left my homework on the bus.

  • Other possessive pronouns are used by themselves to show ownership. These pronouns do not come before nouns.

    • These diamonds are mine.


Antecedents

Antecedents

  • Antecedent = the noun that the pronoun stands in for

  • In the following sentences, first identify the pronoun. Then identify the antecedent.

  • This is the pen he used to write the note.

  • This is the pen he used to write the note.

  • This is the pen he used to write the note.

  • The bat built its home in our attic.

  • The bat built its home in our attic.

  • The bat built its home in our attic.

  • Was that the road we were supposed to take?

  • Was that the road we were supposed to take?

  • Was that the road we were supposed to take?


A common pronoun dilemma

A Common Pronoun Dilemma . . .

  • Singular or Plural??

    • Singular pronouns only replace singular nouns

      • Kathy broke the vase. She was guilty!

    • Plural pronouns only replace plural nouns

      • Mark and Kathy were playing ball in the house. They disobeyed the rules!


Pronouns

Another Common

Pronoun Dilemma . . .

  • I or me?? – when there are more than one person involved:

    • I will always be the subject – doing the action.

      • Tom and I played chess last week.

    • Me will always be the nounreceiving the action.

      • Catherine let Tom and me play chess at her house.

Check your answer by taking out the other person’s name and reading the sentence with just the pronoun to see if it’s correct!


Pronouns

Name That Pronoun

  • Use your pronoun shape notes as reference

  • On each jigsaw puzzle that follows, if there is a word in yellow, change it to the correct pronoun

  • You must then identify the type of pronoun it is


Pronouns

played

goalie

Jared

What pronoun is it??

Third Person Singular

his

Jared

for

soccer

team

today.


Pronouns

is

the

This

This

What pronoun is it??

I

article

Demonstrative

mentioned

to

you.


Pronouns

bought

herself

Julia

Julia

What pronoun is it??

Third Person Singular Reflexive

a

ticket

to

the

movie.


Pronouns

actors

took

The

What pronoun is it??

Third Person Plural

the actors

their

bow

after

the

play.


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