Key terms the french revolution
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 12

Key Terms – The French Revolution PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 83 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen Constitution of 1791 Jacobins Robespierre Reign of Terror Committee of Public Safety The Directory. Key Terms – The French Revolution. Estates General First Estate Second Estate Third Estate Louis XVI Tennis Court Oath National Assembly

Download Presentation

Key Terms – The French Revolution

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen

Constitution of 1791

Jacobins

Robespierre

Reign of Terror

Committee of Public Safety

The Directory

Key Terms – The French Revolution

  • Estates General

  • First Estate

  • Second Estate

  • Third Estate

  • Louis XVI

  • Tennis Court Oath

  • National Assembly

  • Bastille Day


Estates General

  • Estates General → government body established in the 14th Century as a means by which the king can petition the people for money to fight wars and alleviate economic recessions

  • Was composed of three estates


The Estates

  • Estates General was broken into three parts.

  • First Estate → clergy, made up roughly .5% of the population

  • Second Estate → nobles, made up roughly 1.5% of the population

  • Third Estate → peasants, made up 98% of the population


Inequalities of the Estates

  • The first and second estates controlled the Estates General in France even though they made up the smallest portion of the population.

  • The first and second estates combined had 600 representatives while the third estate had 600 representatives on its own.

  • Each estate held one vote which made them “equal”.

  • The third estate was taxed the heaviest on the basis that they made up more of the population and hence would generate more revenue.


Louis XVI “Louis the Last” (1774-1792)

  • Louis XVI was faced with the economic problems that his predecessors had created.

  • Louis XIV launched costly wars in Europe and America while Louis XV helped the Americans start their revolution.

  • Louis sought to raise money by pleading to the estates.


The Tennis Court Oath

  • Upon the calling of the estates, it was clear that the third estate would have its taxes raised to help close the budget gap.

  • The Third Estate would ask for a meeting with Louis XVI to solve the inequalities of the estates.


Tennis Court Oath/National Assembly

  • Louis XVI would not appear for the meeting and the doors to the building would be locked.

  • The third estate would meet in a tennis court nearby and declare that they would withdraw from the Estates General, this would be known as the Tennis Court Oath.

  • The third estate would now refer to themselves as the National Assembly.


Storming of the Bastille

- With the creation of the National Assembly came great unrest in France.

- Louis XVI would threaten to arrest those who opposed him which infuriated the rioters further

- The rioters would storm a fortress known as the Bastille and steal numerous weapons.

- This day would be known as Bastille Day (July 14,1789)


Changes Made by the National Assembly

- The National Assembly would make two large changes to French government:

- Created a bill of rights known as the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen

- Created the Constitution of 1791 which established a limited monarchy


Jacobins

- Jacobins → radical French group that convinced the French that the king was working against them.

- After convincing the French of this plot, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were arrested and the First French Republic was created.


Robespierre and the Reign of Terror

- Maximilian Robespierre would become the leader of the Committee of Public Safety.

- Committee of Public Safety → group that maintained order in France

-Robespierre would kill any citizens that he believed were against the Revolution

- This would lead to the Reign of Terror → period of 11 months when 30,000 people were killed.


  • Login