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Safety and First Aid. Injury Prevention at Home and at School. Accidents at Home Falls, Fires, Electrical shock, poisoning Safety in Class Violence at School Violence- Using force to hurt someone or to cause damage Gun Safety Avoid guns, lock them up, hunting

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Injury prevention at home and at school
Injury Prevention at Home and at School

  • Accidents at Home

    • Falls, Fires, Electrical shock, poisoning

  • Safety in Class

  • Violence at School

    • Violence- Using force to hurt someone or to cause damage

  • Gun Safety

    • Avoid guns, lock them up, hunting

  • Seven ways to protect yourself

    • Think before you act, pay attention, know your limits, practice refusal skills, use safety equipment, change risky behavior, change risky situations


Fire safety
Fire safety

  • Fire prevention and detection

    • Smoke detector- an alarm that detects smoke from a fire

      • Check batteries

      • Check to see if working

  • How to put out small fires

    • Fire extinguisher- a device that releases chemials to put out a fire

      • 3 different types


Safety on the road
Safety on the Road

  • Safety while walking

    • Use sidewalks

    • Walk facing traffic

    • Use crosswalks

    • Look both ways

    • Make sure driver can se you

    • Avoid walking at night

    • No headphones

  • Safety on wheel

    • Wear safety equipment

    • Pay attention to traffic

    • Follow the rules of road

    • Wear proper attire

    • Ride in designated areas

    • Ride with a friend

    • Avoid night riding

  • Vehicle safety

  • Bus safety


Safety outdoors
Safety Outdoors

  • Safety on a cold day

    • Hypothermia- a below normal body temperature

    • Frostbite- is damage to skin and other tissues that is caused by extreme cold

  • Safety on a hot day

    • Heat exhaustion- a condition caused by too much water loss through sweating on a hot day

    • Heatstroke- is an injury that happens when the body cannot control its temperature.

  • Playing safe

    • Drink water, use sunscreen, watch weather


Natural disasters
Natural disasters

  • Earthquakes

    • A shaking of the earth’s surface caused by movement along a break in the Earth’s crust

    • Natural disasters- natural events that widespread injury, death, and property damage.

  • Tornadoes and hurricanes

    • Tornado- a spinning column of air that has a high wind speed and touches the ground.

    • Hurricane- a large spinning tropical weather system with wind speeds of at least 74mph

    • Flood- is an overflowing of water into areas that are normally dry

    • Flash flood- a flood with no warning

      • Be prepared!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


Deciding to give first aid
Deciding to Give First Aid

  • Emergency- a sudden event that demands immediate action

  • Handling an Emergency

    • Check the situation

    • Call for help

    • Care for victim

      • First aid- emergency medical care for someone who has been hurt or who is sick.


Making an emergency phone call
Making an emergency phone call

  • Dial 9-1-1

  • The three pieces of information that you will need to know:

    • Your name and location

    • The type of emergency

    • The condition of anyone who is hurt

    • What you’ve done to help the victim

      • Stay calm

      • Don’t hang up first


Abdominal thrust and rescue b reathing
Abdominal Thrust and Rescue Breathing

  • Abdominal Thrusts- actions that apply pressure to a choking person’s stomach to force an object out of his or her throat

  • First Aid for choking infants(pg 394)

  • First Aid for choking adults(pg 395)

  • Rescue Breathing for adults

    • Rescue breathing- an emergency technique in which a rescuer gives air to someone who is not breathing

    • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR)- an emergency technique used to save a victim who isn’t breathing and who doesn’t have a heart beat.

  • Rescue breathing for small children


First aid for injuries
First Aid for Injuries

  • Bleeding

  • Burns

    • Severity determines first aid

  • Poisoning

  • Fractures-broken or cracked bone

  • Dislocations- when a bone is forced out of its normal position

  • Head, Neck, and Back Injuries


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