From the garden to the tower
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From the Garden to the Tower. Genesis chapters 1 and 2 portray an idyllic garden of Eden in complete order. The only condition to maintaining that order was that they could not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

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From the Garden to the Tower

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From the garden to the tower

From the Garden to the Tower


From the garden to the tower

Genesis chapters 1 and 2 portray an idyllic garden of Eden in complete order.

The only condition to maintaining that order was that they could not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.


From the garden to the tower

Hebrew scriptures describe the serpent as “subtle” or clever beast.

The serpent has become associated with the personification of evil known as the Devil or Satan.

It is frequently pictured as a dragon or a hideous demon.


From the garden to the tower

The fruit is not specified. In Jewish tradition it is often pictured as a date or spray of wheat.

Because Western Civilization portrays the forbidden fruit as an apple, the apple has been connected with illicit sexual desires and shame.


Consequences

Toil

Pain (esp. in childbirth)

Aging

Corruption

Loss

Man and woman were named Adam and Eve

Consequences


Genesis 3 the fall

Adam and Eve’s disobedience is called “the original sin.”

Genesis 4-the first murder/murderer.

Fracticide-murder of a brother by a brother.

Theme of Cain and Abel’s story: Humans are responsible for one another.

“Mark of Cain” – He was protected

Genesis 3 “The Fall”


Lead up to the flood

Cain’s descendents of Enoch were evil and murderers.

As a result, God decides to flood the Earth

Genesis 6-9: The account of Noah and the arc

The New Beginning-”Be fruitful and multiply”

The Rainbow Sign-God will never destroy the Earth with a flood again.

Lead up to the flood


Noah s descendents

Shem-Middle Eastern and Asia

Ham-Africans

Japheth-Europeans

Noah’s descendents


Tower of babel

The entire story is told in 9 verses.

God punished the people’s pride by confusing their languages.

Chiasm-inverted symmetry

Beginning: God used language to bring order into chaos

Tower: God used language to bring chaos into order by dividing and scattering the people.

Tower of babel


Archetypal plot motifs

Sibling rivalry

Crime and punishment

Murder

Detective story

The rejected one

The guilty child

Innocent victims

Expulsion

The Wanderer

Archetypal plot motifs


Abraham and sarah

The theme from Genesis chapter 12 to the end of Genesis is relationships.

God calls Abram and begins to teach him and his descendents how to get along and live together.

Abram and Sarai later become Abraham and Sarah.

Abraham and Sarah


The call

Genesis 12:1-3

Abram’s journey is one of faith.

Upon entering Egypt Abram tells Pharaoh that Sarai is his sister out of fear that the Egyptian’s would kill him to try to get to his wife. Pharaoh is stopped by plagues.

Sarai persuades Abram to take a concubine to fulfill the prophecy that he would be the father of many.

The call


Abram and sarai continued

Sarai becomes jealous after Hagaar gives birth to a son and drives her away. Hagaar and Ishmael return and are blessed by God.

The heroes in Genesis are not cardboard figures of perfect virtue.

Abram and Sarai, continued


Signs of promise

Abram’s life is marked by an emphasis on God’s promises.

Covenant-a formal, solemn, and binding agreement.

Abraham and Sarah were the founders of the Jewish people.

Genesis 17:1-7

Signs of promise


Sodom and gomorrah

Lot, Abraham’s nephew, settled in Sodom.

Sodom and Gomorrah had an evil reputation. Genesis 13:13

God lost patience with the wickedness of humans and determined to destroy the cities and start fresh.

Abraham stepped in as a mediator, or public defender, and asked God to allow the righteous to escape.

Sodom and gomorrah


Sodom and gomorrah continued

As a result, Lot and his wife and two daughter fled from the city.

Told not to look back, Lot’s wife could not resist one last backward glance, and she was transformed: Genesis 19:24-26.

Sodom and gomorrah, continued


Abraham s test

Genesis 22

God asks Abraham to sacrifice his son, Isaac.

At the last minute Abraham is prevented from killing his son.

Jewish tradition stresses the test of Abraham’s faith and God’s mercy in releasing Abraham from sacrificing his son.

Christian tradition views the story as foreshadowing of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ by God, his father.

Abraham’s test


Father abraham

Abraham is venerated as a founding father of the religion of Islam.

The Qur’an refers to Abraham many times.

The accounts add to and even contradict in places the story of Abraham in Genesis.

Muslims honor Abraham as the first monotheist.

Monotheist: worshipper of the one true God, Allah.

Muslims consider themselves the descendents of Ishmael, the son of Abraham and Hagaar.

Father abraham


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