Immigration and Reform. Immigration. Immigration Waves First and Second Wave Naturalization Law and Race The Case of Puerto Rico Chinese Exclusion Acts Public opinion Labor leaders’ opinion Legislation Loopholes in Legislation Construction of Racial Difference Visually
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What is this man’s ethnic background?
In re Balsara, 1909Asian Indians are probably not WhiteCongressional intent
U.S. v. Dolla, 1910Asian Indians are WhiteOcular inspection of skin
U.S. v. Balsara 1910Asian Indians are WhiteScientific evidence
In re Sadar Bhagwab Singh, 1917Asian Indians are not WhiteCommon knowledge
In re Mohan Singh, 1919Asian Indians are WhiteScientific evidence
In re Thind, 1920Asian Indians are WhiteLegal precedent
U.S. v. Thind, 1923Asian Indians are not WhiteCommon knowledge
In re Najour, 1909Syrians are WhiteScientific evidence
In re Mudarri, 1910Syrians are WhiteScientific evidence
In re Ellis, 1910Syrians are WhiteCommon knowledge
Ex parte Shahid, 1913Syrians are not WhiteCommon knowledge
Ex parte Dow, 1914Syrians are not WhiteCommon knowledge
In re Dow, 1914Syrians are not WhiteCommon knowledge
Dow v. U.S., 1915Syrians are WhiteScientific evidence
In re Mallari, 1916Filipinos are not WhiteNo explanation
In re Rallos, 1917Filipinos are not WhiteLegal precedent
U.S. v. Javier, 1927Filipinos are not WhiteLegal precedent
De La Ysla v. U.S., 1935Filipinos are not WhiteLegal precedent
De Cano v. State, 1941Filipinos are not WhiteLegal precedent
In re Halladjian, 1909Armenians are WhtieScientific evidence
U.S. v. Cartozian, 1925Armenians are WhiteScientific evidence
In re Feroz Din, 1928Afghanis are not WhiteCommon knowledge
In re Ahmed Hassan, 1942Arabians are not WhiteCommon knowledge
Ex parte Mohriez, 1944Arabians are not White Legal precedent
A POOR AVIATOR LAY DYING
A poor aviator lay dying.
At the end of a bright summer’s day.
His comrades had gathered about him.
To carry his fragments away.
The airplane was piled on his wishbone,
His Hotchkiss was wrapped round his head;
He wore a spark-plug on each elbow,
'Twas plain he would shortly be dead.
He spit out a valve and a gasket,
And stirred in the sump where he lay,
And then to his wondering comrades,
These brave parting words he did say:
And the butterfly valve off my neck,
Extract from my liver the crankshaft,
There are lots of good parts in this wreck.
And the cylinders out of my brain,
Take the piston rods out of my kidneys,
And assemble the engine again."
BOMBED LAST NIGHT
Oh God damnn the bombin' planes from Germany.
They’re over us, they’re over us,
One shell-hole for the four of us
Glory be to God there are no more of us
'Cause one of us could fill it all alone.
Gassed last night—gassed the night before,
Gonna get gassed again if we never git
gassed no more,
When we’re gassed, we’re as sick as we can be,
'Cause phosgene and mustard gas is too much
Garnets are usually
Soap is made by
A. B. T. Babbitt
B. Smith & Wesson
C. W. L. Douglas
D. Swift & Co.
Laura Jean Libby is known as a
D. army nurse
If you are lost in a forest in the daytime, what is the thing to do?
Hurry to the nearest house you know of
Look for something to eat
Use the sun or a compass for a guide
Caption: “Count Parasitsky will not occupy his palatial residence in the mountains this summer. He expects to remain in the city and do uplift work.”
World War I > Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, anarchists censored to two years in penitentiary and fined $10,000 each for opposing the draft, July 9, 1917
Eugene Debs, 1918:
“I believe in the Constitution. Isn’t it strange that we Socialists stand almost alone today in upholding and defending the Constitution of the United States? The revolutionary fathers … understood that free speech, a free and the right of free assemblage by the people were fundamental principles in democratic government. … I believe in the right of free speech, in war as well as peace.”
Attorney General Mitchell Palmer, 1920:
“Like a prairie-fire, the blaze of revolution was sweeping over every American institution of law and order a year ago. It was eating its way into the homes of the American workmen, its sharp tongues of revolutionary heat were licking the altars of the churches, leaping into the belfry of the school bell, crawling into the sacred corners of American homes, seeking to replace marriage vows with libertine laws, burning up the foundations of society. …
My information showed that communism in this country was an organization of thousands of aliens who were direct allies of Trotzky. Aliens of the same misshapen caste of mind and indecencies of character, and it showed that they were making the same glittering promises of lawlessness, of criminal autocracy to Americans, that they had made to the Russian peasants.”