Shi ism in the early ghayba period
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Shi’ism in the Early Ghayba Period. Dr. Liyakatali Takim Allentown 2004 Retreat. The ‘Ulama In The Short Ghayba:. The heresiographical work of Hasan b. Musa al-Nawbakhti The role of Abu Sahl Nawbakhti: Proving the need for the ghayba Kulayni (d. 939) and his al-Kafi fi ‘ilm al-Din.

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Shi ism in the early ghayba period

Shi’ism in the Early Ghayba Period

Dr. Liyakatali Takim

Allentown 2004 Retreat


The ulama in the short ghayba
The ‘Ulama In The Short Ghayba:

  • The heresiographical work of Hasan b. Musa al-Nawbakhti

  • The role of Abu Sahl Nawbakhti:

    • Proving the need for the ghayba

  • Kulayni (d. 939) and his al-Kafi fi ‘ilm al-Din


The ulama in the short ghayba continued
The ‘Ulama In The Short Ghayba:Continued

  • Reasons for compilation

  • Form of compilation


The ulama in the short ghayba continued1
The ‘Ulama In The Short Ghayba:Continued

  • Traveling to collect traditions over twenty years

  • Extremist traditions present in al-Kafi


The ulama in the short ghayba continued2
The ‘Ulama In The Short Ghayba:Continued

  • Divisions into Usul and Fur’u al-Kafi

  • Nu’mani’s kitab al-Ghayba


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba

  • The coming of the Buyids (Buwayhid) (945-1055)

  • Baghdad as a center of Shi’ite learning


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba:continued

  • The Shi‘i century 950-1055 C.E. –

    • Buyids ruled over Iraq & Iran,

    • Hamdanis over northern Syria,

    • Fatimids in Egypt, Hijaz and parts of North Africa


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued1
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The LongGhayba…continued

  • Taqiyya no longer necessary.

  • Public displays of Shi’I practices,

    • Ashura marked &

    • Ghadir celebrated publicly


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued2
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The LongGhayba…continued

  • Response to the vacuum in leadership:

    • the role of the ‘ulama


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued3
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The LongGhayba…continued

  • The ‘ulama of tradition:

    • Ibn Babuya - Shaykh Saduq (d. 991)

  • Kamal al-Din


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued4
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The LongGhayba…continued

  • The ‘ulama of tradition and theological expositions:

    • Shaykh al-Mufid (d. 1022),

    • Sharif al-Murtada (d. 1044)

    • Muhammad Ja‘far al-Tusi (d. 1067


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued5
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba…continued

  • Mufid – reponse to riwaya and diraya

  • Event of the cave – diraya

  • Ghadir a riwaya


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued6
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba…continued

  • The compilations of these ‘ulama and their roles in defending Shi‘i beliefs and praxis


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued7
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba…continued

  • Mufid and dream of Fatima (AS) and her two children


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued8
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba…continued

  • Reasons for the Ghayba – taqiyya, not accepting allegiance from unjust rulers


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued9
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba…continued

  • Tusi – Shaykh al-Taifa – wrote in almost every Islamic field


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued10
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba…continued

  • Hanbali Unrest in Baghdad under the Seljuqs:

    • Tusi and the school of Najaf


The role of the ulama in the long ghayba continued11
The Role Of The ‘Ulama In The Long Ghayba…continued

  • House in Karkh looted, notebooks and library burnt


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