MCA Namibia. Integration of Gender into MCA-N Compact MCA-N ESA Team 17 May 2011. Gender!. What is it? Refers to social roles, responsibilities & relations between men & women The gender roles of women & men are socially constructed Gender vs. affirmative action. Definition.
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Integration of Gender into MCA-N Compact
MCA-N ESA Team
17 May 2011
The term gender refers to culturally based expectations of the roles
and behaviours of males and females. The term distinguishes the
socially constructed from the biologically determined aspects of
being male and female. Unlike the biology of sex, gender roles and
behaviours can change historically, sometimes relatively quickly, even
if aspects of these roles originated in the biological differences
between the sexes.
Because the religious or cultural traditions that
define and justify the distinct roles and expected behaviours of males
and females are strongly cherished and socially enforced, change in
gender systems often is contested. In some countries, there are
groups which seek to impose more stringent divisions between males
and females than currently exist, while feminist movements seek to
reduce or eradicate these divisions.
have an impact on development, economic growth and poverty reduction ……..
Acts to undermine economic growth
Reduces the well being of men, women & children
Contributes to poverty
Take a note of examples around you or in your community…
MCC’s Environmental Guidelines are inclusive of assessing social and gender impacts and risks of negative impacts.
Since Oct. 2006, MCC has a policy on how gender analysis will be integrated into the Compact development process.
Integration of gender into all stages of development and implementation of Compact.
Requires eligible countries to utilize an analysis of gender differences and inequalities to inform the development, design, implementation, and monitoring of MCC-funded programs.
MCA-N Responsibilities in Compact Implementation
Ensure that sex-disaggregated data will be analyzed in monitoring performance and results and evaluating impacts.
Where projects have specifically addressed gender differences and inequalities in design, countries will monitor gender indicators
MCC Responsibilities in Compact Implementation
MCC will integrate gender into its oversight and assessment of a country’s performance during implementation
MCC will assess the extent to which Compact programs reflect findings on gender differences and inequalities and meet intended gender outcomes
Some disbursements of MCA funds may be conditioned upon the satisfaction of targets and progress on indicators measuring project performance
What has been done?
What can be done?
What can be done Cont’d:
Safeguards are needed to ensure that MCA-N investment