Chapter 5: Lesson 3. The War of 1812. TENSION ON THE FRONTIER. Governor Hull was trying to attract ore American settlers to the Michigan Territory. Most of the territory still belonged to Native American groups.
Governor Hull was trying to attract ore American settlers to the Michigan Territory.
Most of the territory still belonged to Native American groups.
Hull set up meeting with Indian leaders to pressure them into selling the land to the United States of America.
In 1807 A group of Chippewa chiefs signed the Treaty of Detroit.
Treaty of Detroit – A group of Chippewa Chiefs agreed to sell their land to the United States.
Tecumseh was a Shawnee Chief who did not want to sell the land.
Tecumseh began to organize Indian groups from Michigan to the Golf of Mexico in and effort to slow down American settlement along the frontier.
British officials and traders were happy to see the tension between the Native Americans and the settlers.
British supplied the Native Americans with weapons.
British navy also stopped American ships from sailing in the Atlantic ocean.
Many Americans angered by the actions of the British and the Indians. The only way to stop the attacks on the settlers and the ships was to fight back.Congress declared war on Britain in 1812. Beginning the War of 1812.
As soon as the war began, the British rushed into Michigan.
August 1812 a group of British and Native American Soldiers landed on Mackinac Island.
Under the cover of darkness, a 300-man force of British soldiers and Native American allies embarked from Fort St. Joseph and landed on the north shore of Mackinac Island . They dragged their cannon to the high ground behind the fort, took positions in the woods and prepared to attack. American soldiers, about 30, were completely surprised and outnumbered by the British invasion. They quickly surrendered without a fight following a single warning shot by the British. This was the first land engagement of the War of 1812 in the United States
General Harrison’s plan to send troops over land to Detroit failed.
He decided to take control of the Great Lakes.
This would cut off an important British supply route to Detroit.
General Harrison assigns Lieutenant Oliver Hazard Perry to set out to meet the British fleet at Put- in –Bay on Lake Erie.
Perry raised a blue flag high above his ship that read, Don’t Give Up the Ship.
This was the signal to attack!!!!
Perry’s ship was battered into pieces by British cannonballs.
Perry took down his flag.
Rowed in a small boat through gunfire to another ship and hoisted his flag again!
After hours of close fighting the British surrendered.
Perry sent famous message to General Harrison:
“We have met the enemy, and they are ours.”