The terrible transformation
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 24

The Terrible Transformation PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 79 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Terrible Transformation. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. The years 1450 to 1750 brought enormous changes to the North American continent. 1. European explorers destroyed the world of the Native Americans. I. European Exploration.

Download Presentation

The Terrible Transformation

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The terrible transformation

The Terrible Transformation

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade


I european exploration

The years 1450 to 1750 brought enormous changes to the North American continent.

1. European explorers destroyed the world of the Native Americans.

I. European Exploration


The terrible transformation

2. Europeans also began a trans-Atlantic slave trade that would bring millions of Africans to the Americas.

a. This slave trade would over time lead to a new social and economic system: one where the color of one’s skin could determine whether he or she might live as free citizens or be enslaved for life.


Ii the british colonies

By the early 1600’s, England was eager to gain a foothold on the North American continent.

1. Jamestown was first settled in 1607, and soon colonies up and down the east coast were being settled.

II. The British Colonies


The terrible transformation

2. Labor to clear the forest, tend the plantations and farms, and work in the developing seafaring industry became a crucial concern.


The terrible transformation

B. From 1619 on, the need for colonial labor was bolstered by the importation of African captives.

1. At first, Africans were treated as indentured servants, who would be free when their service was over.


The terrible transformation

2. However, over the course of the century, a new race based slavery system developed, and by the 1700’s, the majority of Africans and African-Americans were slaves for life.


Iii europeans come to western africa

The history of the European seaborne slave trade with Africa goes back 50 years prior to Columbus’ initial voyage to the Americas.

1. It began with the Portuguese, who went to West Africa in search of gold.

III. Europeans Come to Western Africa


The terrible transformation

2. Voyages were started by Prince Henry the Navigator who had these goals:

To expand European geographic knowledge.

To find the source of African gold.

To locate a sea route around Africa to Asia


The terrible transformation

B. In 1441, the Portuguese obtained gold from west African traders.

1. In 1442, the Portuguese obtained gold and ten African slaves.

C. Forty years later in 1481, the Portuguese obtained permission to build a trading post in the Gulf of Guinea.


The terrible transformation

They named the post Elmina, which means “the mine,” and is located in present day Ghana.

Although originally built for trade in gold and ivory, it was soon used to export slaves.


The terrible transformation

D. Africans were either captured in warring raids or kidnapped and taken to slave forts by African traders.

1. Slaves were exchanged for iron, guns, gunpowder, knives, cloth, and beads.


The terrible transformation

E. When Europeans arrived along the west African coast, slavery already existed on the continent.

1. However, it was vastly different than the brutal form of slavery that would develop in the Americas.


The terrible transformation

2. It was actually more like European serfdom.

a. African slavery NEVER passed from one generation to another and lacked the notion that whites were the masters and blacks were the slaves.


The terrible transformation

F. Within 300 years, Europeans made more that 54,000 voyages to trade in human beings and sent at least 10 to 12 million Africans to the Americas.


Iv african slave trade and the middle passage

A. The slave trade devastated African life. Culture and traditions were torn asunder. Guns were introduced and slave raids increased.

IV. African Slave Trade and the Middle Passage


The terrible transformation

B. After kidnapping potential slaves, merchants forced them to walk in slave caravans to the European coastal forts, sometimes as far as 1000 miles.


The terrible transformation

Shackled and underfed, only half of the people would survive these death marches.

a. Those too sick or to weary to keep up were killed or left to die.


The terrible transformation

2. Those who reached the forts were put into dungeons where they would stay until they were boarded on ships.


C the middle passage

Refers to the transport of slaves across the Atlantic.

A typical Atlantic crossing took 60 to 90 days.

C. The Middle Passage


The terrible transformation

3. Africans were treated like cattle during the crossing.

They were stuffed between decks in areas to low to stand.

The heat was unbearable and the air nearly unbreathable.


The terrible transformation

c. Women were often abused sexually.

d. People were crowded together, usually forced to lie on their backs with their head between the legs of others.


The terrible transformation

e. This meant often times they had to lie in urine, feces, and blood.

f. Yellow fever, smallpox, and other diseases spread easily.


The terrible transformation

4. Between 1 million to 2 million people died on the Middle Passage.


  • Login