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The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 1. Diaz. Diaz retires in France. - Diaz arrests Madero. The Beginning – 1910 election. - Plan of San Luis Potosi Nov 20,1910. - U.S. Involvement. - May 1911: Treaty of Ciudad Juarez. Francisco Madero – wealthy hacendado of Coahuila.

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The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 1

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The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 1

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 1

Diaz

Diaz retires in France

- Diaz arrests Madero

The Beginning – 1910 election

- Plan of San Luis Potosi Nov 20,1910

- U.S. Involvement

- May 1911: Treaty of Ciudad Juarez

Francisco Madero – wealthy hacendado of Coahuila


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 2

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 2

  • Pancho Villa – Robin Hood of the North

- Outlaw, miner, cattle rustler, & bank robber

- Bandito to Revolutionary joins Madero

- Division del Norte Army of Chihuahua

Pancho Villa

http://www.pickatrail.com/jupiter/location/north_america/mexico/chihuahua.html


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 3

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 3

  • Emiliano Zapata – Revolutionary Idealist of the South

- Son of a small farmer of Morelos

  • Influenced by Mexican Liberal Party (PLM)

    • PLM founder Ricardo Flores Magon

Emiliano Zapata

  • Motto: Tierra y libertad “Land & liberty”

- Land to be returned to the ejido, communal holdings


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 4

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 4

Madero’s Presidency:

Oct 1911 – Feb 1913

  • Change:

  • Trade union support

    • Casa del Obrero Mundial

- Vision of democracy - limited

No Change:

- Leaves much of Diaz political & military structure in place for stability

Interim president:

Francisco León de la Barra

- Opposed to radical land reform

  • Caught between reactionaries & radicals

- Madero loses American support …1912 1000,000 troops on border


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 5

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 5

Victoriano Huerta’s Dictatorship

Feb 1913-

July 1914

- Backed by U.S.

- Overthrows Madero

- Wealthy land owners, capitalists, Church

- RIP Madero

Victoriano Huerta

- Labor unions shut down

Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 6

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 6

US Intervention

- Taft out Wilson in

  • Huerta suspends interests payments on national debt

- The Excuse: Arrest of US soldiers

- April - Nov, 1914 US invasion of Veracruz

Moral Diplomacy

American ships at Veracruz


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 61

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 6

Two New Contender s: Venustiano Carranza

- Previous supporter of Diaz then Madero

- Leader Constitutionalist Army in Coahuila

- March 1913 Plan of Guadalupe

& Alvaro Obregon

Carranza

- Chick-pea farmer of Sonora

  • Talented military leader

- Army of the Northwest, allies with Carranza over Villa

Obregon


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 7

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 7

Fighting amongst Revolutionaries

- Villa/Zapata vs Carranza/Obregon

  • Oct 1914 Convention of Aguascalientes

    • Zapata – Plan of Ayala – land reform.

  • Gutierrez, Carranza’s general selected president - not Carranza

- Carranza flees to Veracruz, promises social reforms to ALL

- January 1915, Obregon’s troops hold Mexico City

  • 1915, Woodrow Wilson acknowledges

  • Carranza’s ascendancy


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 8

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 8

Constitution of 1917

  • - Article 3 and the Church

- Articles 34 and 35

- Article 123

- Article 27

Asuncion Ocotlan Church

“Fruits of Labor” Diego Rivera

Hermila Galido de Topete – Women’s equality leader


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 9

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 9

Carranza’s Presidency

- May 1, 1915

- Independent judiciary

- Land reform

- What to do about Villa and Zapata?

- "Red Battalions"


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 10

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 10

Carranza’s Presidency

  • August 1916, the Casa del Obrero Mudial

  • forcibly disbanded

  • - Did not implement reform articles of constitution

  • - Foreign policy

- Zapata killed April10, 1919


The revolution and its leaders 1910 17 11

The Revolution and its Leaders (1910-17) 11

  • Election of 1920

- Puts forth Ignacio Bonillas as successor

- Obregon calls for Carranza to be removed

- Carranza flees

- Adolfo de la Huerta becomes prov. Pres.

- Obregon’s election is certain outcome

- Reconstruction can begin

Ignacio Bonillas

Adolfo de la Huerta

Álvaro Obregón


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