Women s movement
Download
1 / 43

Women’s Movement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 56 Views
  • Uploaded on

Women’s Movement. Thinking Skill : Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions Objective : Understand the nature of early 20 th century women’s reform in the larger context of the Progressive Era. What characteristics would you want in a leader?.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Women’s Movement' - lester-hahn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Women s movement

Women’s Movement

Thinking Skill: Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions

Objective: Understand the nature of early 20th century women’s reform in the larger context of the Progressive Era




Are men seen as leaders because they of men? Of women?possess these characteristics? OrAre these traits ascribed to men because they have traditionally been leaders?


Struggle for suffrage
Struggle for Suffrage of men? Of women?

  • Suffrage Movement originated in 1848 at Seneca Falls, NY

  • Disrupted by Civil War

  • Split over support of 15th Amendment


Early leaders
Early Leaders of men? Of women?

  • Susan B. Anthony-

    • organized National

      American Women’s

      Suffrage Association

      (NAWSA) in 1890

    • President through 1900

  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton-

    • Prominent member

      of NAWSA

      “Women deserved to vote because they were equal to men.”


Women s movement characteristics
Women’s Movement Characteristics of men? Of women?

  • Educated Middle Class Women

  • Formed a “Grass Roots” Movement

  • Sought Suffrage: The right to vote

  • Actions: Lobbied Legislators, Held Rallies, Parades, and Distributed Literature

  • Women first receive

    the right to vote

    in the West


Voting in the west
Voting in the West of men? Of women?

  • By 1910, women had full suffrage in four western states

    • Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and Idaho

      What might explain the success of women’s suffrage in the West?


Nawsa in the 1900s
NAWSA in the 1900s of men? Of women?

  • Carrie Chapman Catt- focused on women’s unique role

    • Assumed Presidency after 1900

  • Developed “Winning Plan”- push for suffrage at both state and federal level

    • Supported by white,native-born, middle-class women


Carrie chapman catt
Carrie Chapman Catt of men? Of women?


Alice paul
Alice Paul of men? Of women?


Iron jawed angels background
“Iron Jawed Angels” background of men? Of women?

  • http://womenshistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa010118a.htm

  • Differences in goals between NAWSA and NWP



Leaflet written and distributed by alice paul outside of the white house in 1917
Leaflet written and distributed by Alice Paul outside of the White House in 1917.

  • “President Wilson and Envoy Root are deceiving Russia. They say "We are a democracy. Help us to win the war so that democracies may survive." We women of America tell you that America is not a democracy. Twenty million women are denied the right to vote. President Wilson is the chief opponent of their national enfranchisement. Help us make this nation really free. Tell our government that it must liberate its people before it can claim free Russia as an ally.”


Strong anti suffrage sentiment

Strong Anti-Suffrage Sentiment White House in 1917.

What reasons would men have to oppose women’s suffrage? What reason would women have to oppose their own right to vote?


Anti suffrage quotes
Anti-suffrage Quotes White House in 1917.

  • “I am satisfied with my present position, and of my almost unlimited power of usefulness, that I have no need of a vote, and should not use it if I had it.”

    -Edith Milner, writing in The Times, 29 October 1906

  • “I regard women as superior and I don’t like to see them trying to become men’s equal. “

    -Miss Violet Markham, speaking in October 1910


This cartoon (drawn by a man) stereotypes Suffragettes as bitter old crones engaged in a gender-war against men.


Naows
NAOWS bitter old crones engaged in a gender-war against men.

  • Groups like the

    National Association Opposed to

    Woman Suffrage (NAOWS).

    Were opposed to women

    gaining the vote because

    they believed that women

    belonged in the domestic

    rather than the political sphere

    of life.

http://www.primaryresearch.org/suffrage/show.php?dir=dodgeletter&file=1


Alleged Areas of Difference Between Men and Women bitter old crones engaged in a gender-war against men.(Summary of newspaper stories and editorials from the early 1900s).

  • 1. The “frailty” of women make them “unsuited” for the vote. “Once a woman arrived [at the polling place] she would have to mingle among the crowds of men who gather around the polls…and to press her way through them to the ballot box. Assuming she reached the polling place, she might get caught in a brawl and given women’s natural fragility, she would be the one to get hurt.” (Mayor, 64)

  • 2. “Allowing women to vote would lead to foreign aggression and war.” (Mayor, 65)

  • 3. If women got the vote they would be placed in situations where their vulnerability, based on ignorance and frailty, would be exploited.

  • 4. If women got the vote, they could hide extra ballots in their dress and slip them into the ballot box unnoticed.

  • 5. If women got the vote, they would have to mingle in the dirty world of politics and would tarnish their naturally high morals.



More common arguments against suffrage
More common arguments against suffrage… women alike, attempted to justify their position on the grounds that women were superior, not inferior, to men.

  • - “Women and men have ‘separate spheres’.”

  • - “Most women do not want the vote.”

  • - “Women’s role is in local affairs.”

  • - “Women are already represented by their husbands.”

  • - “It is dangerous to change a system that works.”

  • - “Women do not fight to defend their country

  •  - “Women would be corrupted by politics and chivalry would die out”

  • - “If women became involved in politics, they would stop marrying, having children, and the human race would die out”

  •  -” Women are emotional creatures, and incapable of making a sound political decision.”


Even when the position appeared to have be in favor of women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender roles

Words on the cartoon: "Woman Devotes Her Time to Gossip and Clothes Because She Has Nothing Else to Talk About. Give Her Broader Interests and She Will Cease to Be Vain and Frivolous


Who is she appealing to here
Who is she appealing to here? women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender roles

  • Jane Addams – Why Women Should Vote (1915)

  • “[I]f woman would fulfill her traditional responsibility to her own children; if she would educate and protect from danger factory children who must find their recreation on the street… then she must bring herself to use the ballot….”


Steps toward the 19 th amendment
Steps toward the 19 women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender rolesth amendment

  • Between 1878, when the amendment was first introduced in Congress, and August 18, 1920, when it was ratified, champions of voting rights for women worked tirelessly, but strategies for achieving their goal varied. Some pursued a strategy of passing suffrage acts in each state--nine western states adopted woman suffrage legislation by 1912. Others challenged male-only voting laws in the courts. Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. Often supporters met fierce resistance. Opponents heckled, jailed, and sometimes physically abused them.


Steps toward the 19 th amendment1
Steps toward the 19 women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender rolesth amendment

  • August 2020 will mark the 100th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th amendment to the Constitution. The amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation and protest. Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution. Few early supporters lived to see final victory in 1920


19 women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender rolesth Amendment

(1920)

“Right to vote shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex”

In part due to timing (WWI)


What is the central message of this cartoon
What is the central message of this cartoon? women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender roles


Reform campaigns
Reform Campaigns women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender roles

  • Besides Suffrage

    many women joined

    the progressives

    • Labor conditions

      (women equality/child)

    • Birth Control

    • Prohibition

    • Poverty

    • Foods and Health


Other early 20 th century women s efforts
Other early 20 women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender rolesth Century Women’s Efforts:

  • Margaret Sanger- crusade for birth control

  • Florence Kelly- child labor protection, National Consumer’s League

  • Carrie Nation- Temperance movement to ban alcohol- Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) organized in 1874

  • Jane Addams – Settlement House

  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett


Margaret sanger
Margaret Sanger women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender roles

  • The Case for Birth Control

    • Prevent women in the slums from having unwanted pregnancies

    • First birth control clinic in the US

  • Questions for Discussion:

  • Was birth control more important than the right to vote, or equality in the workplace?

  • Is birth control the solution to preventing the death of children in poverty?


Charlotte perkins gillman
Charlotte Perkins Gillman women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender roles

  • Wrote “Women and Economics”

    • History of sexual discrimination

    • Thesis: Subordination of women is result of their economic dependence on men. Women should seek equality in the workplace, no longer focus on “domestic sphere.”

  • Discussion: How equal is the workplace today?

  • What are some solutions to help women in the workplace?

  • Should women be allowed to participate in all jobs that men participate?

  • Are men or women better at certain domestic tasks?


Continuing stereotypes
Continuing stereotypes.. women’s voting rights, the argument used was often based on prevailing stereotypes that were grounded in false assumptions about gender roles

  • When my predecessors at TIME reviewed ecologist Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring 50 years ago this month, they were less than impressed. While the piece praised her graceful writing style, it argued that Carson’s “emotional and inaccurate outburst” was “hysterically overemphatic,” which I believe is a fancy way of saying that the lady writer let her feelings get the best of her - Time 2012


ad