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ROOTS. 2 nd Semester. rupt=. break. Examples : bankrupt, rupture, erupt, corrupt, interrupt, abrupt. h ydr, hydro, hydra=. water. Examples : hydrant, hydroplane, hydraulics, hydrate, hydrogen. p hoto=. light. Examples : photocopy, photon, photograph, photosynthesis. g raph=. write.

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Roots

ROOTS

2nd Semester


rupt=

break

Examples: bankrupt, rupture, erupt, corrupt, interrupt, abrupt


hydr, hydro, hydra=

water

Examples: hydrant, hydroplane, hydraulics, hydrate, hydrogen


photo=

light

Examples: photocopy, photon, photograph, photosynthesis


graph=

write

Examples: autograph, phonograph, graphic, cartography, paragraph, pictograph


strength & worth

val=

Examples: valuable, valiant, evaluate, survival, value, invalid, valor, validate


tract, tra=

drag, draw away, pull

Examples: abstract, attract, contract, tractor, traction, retract, detract, distract, extract


therm=

heat

Examples: thermometer, thermos, themal, thermostat


aud=

to hear

Examples: inaudible, audio, audiovisual, audience, auditorium, audition


correct or straighten

ortho=

Examples: orthopedic, orthodontist


dent/dont=

teeth

Examples: dentist, dental, dentifrice


derm=

skin

Examples: dermatologist, dermatology, epidermis, hypodermic


geo=

Earth

Examples: geothermal, geology, geologist, geography, geometry, geopolitics


gen=

race, origin, species, kind, birth

Examples: gene, gender, genius, ingenuity, genealogy, regenerate, generous, congenital


nom=

name

Examples: misnomer, nominate, nominee, binomial, denominator


cut down or kill

cide/cise=

Examples: homicide, genocide, insecticide, pesticide, suicide, exercise, precision, concise, decide, incision, scissors


Meter
meter=

measure

Examples: Thermometer, kilometer, chronometer, speedometer, pedometer, perimeter


phon=

sound

Examples: phonograph, phoneme, phonics, phone, phonology


write

scribe/script=

Examples: scribe, scribble, circumscribe, scripture, subscribe, transcribe, describe, nondescript, manuscript, postscript


look or see

spect/spec=

Examples: speculate, spectacle, spectrum, specimen, special, specialist, despise, expect, inspect, spectacles


to bend

flect/flex=

Examples: flex, inflexible, deflect, inflection, reflex, reflect, reflective


sect=

cut or divide

Examples: bisect, trisect, dissect, section, insect, intersection


ject=

to throw

Examples: dejected, eject, interject, projector, projectile, reject, trajectory, injection


port=

to carry

Examples: port, portable, porter, airport, deport, export, import, report, transport, support


struct/stru=

to build

Examples: structure, construct, construction, destruct, instructor, obstruct


auto=

self

Examples: automatic, automobile, automaton, autobiography


bio=

life

Examples: biology, biography, symbiosis, autobiography


cred=

believe

Examples: incredible, credit, accredit, discredit, credible


primitive, first, ancient, rule, greatest

arch=

Examples: archives, archeology, monarch, archenemy, architecture


cycle=

circle

Examples: bicycle, cycle, cyclone, motorcycle, cyclical


un-=

not, opposite

Examples: unaware, unbelievable, unhappy, unjust, unsure


re-=

again

Examples: redo, resist, retest, replay, reword, reassure


dis-=

not/opposite

Examples: dishonest, disgrace, discover, dislike


sub-=

under

Examples: subsurface, subpar, subway, submarine, subject


pre-=

before

Examples: predict, prepay, preschool, prevention


trans=

across/through

Examples: transatlantic, transcontinental, transcribe, transect, transfer, translate, translucent, transport


against

anti-=

Examples: antibacterial, antiwar, antisocial, antiterrorist


exo-=

outside, outer

Examples: exodus, exoskeleton, exorcism


super-=

above

Examples:superhero, supermodel, superman, superhuman


semi-/hemi= half

Examples: semicircle, hemisphere, semicolon, semifinalist


omni-=

all

Examples: omniscient, omnivore, omnipresent, omnibus


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