Renaissance
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Renaissance. A Reawakening of Culture. From Middle Ages-Renaissance. Middle Ages became marked with political tensions, plague, and decline of Church Growth of cities/trade led to a sharing of ideas, culture, language

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Renaissance

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Renaissance

A Reawakening of Culture


From Middle Ages-Renaissance

  • Middle Ages became marked with political tensions, plague, and decline of Church

  • Growth of cities/trade led to a sharing of ideas, culture, language

  • The Church no longer rules way of life, science, math, art from ancients flourish again


Italian Renaissance

  • Renaissance- French word meaning rebirth

  • Period from 1350-1550

    • Began in Italy, but spread throughout Europe

    • General interest in Greek/Roman way of life, art, architecture, intellect


Restate it!!!

  • What events caused the Renaissance to begin?

  • What does Renaissance mean?

  • What was the general interest in the Renaissance?


Political

  • Italy lacks a strong central monarch like England and France

  • City states rule territories

  • Powerful families become leaders

    • Ex. Medici family in Florence

  • Many were ruled by a small number of wealthy merchants

    • Venice, Florence (until Medici)


Restate it!!

  • What were the political system/s of the Renaissance?

  • How are they different from the Middle Ages?

  • What impact will this have on Europe?


Economic

  • Money economy

    • No more barter system

    • Money exchanged for goods

  • The Crusades allowed new trading posts in the East

    • Goods such as silk, spices, sugars could be taken back to Europe


Religion

  • Great Schism ended in 1417

    • Even though reunited, the Church had major problems dealing with heretics and reform

  • Religion was no longer center of life for many people in Italy

  • Popes became leaders of papal states, using force and war to spread territory

  • Renaissance popes were patrons of art, making Rome a leader in culture


Restate it!!!

  • What happened to the Church in 1378?

  • What did it do to people’s faith?

  • How did that affect the Renaissance?

  • How do the Renaissance popes differ from Middle Ages popes?


Social

  • Social structure: Three estates

  • First: The Clergy

  • Second: Nobility

    • Born not made: Renaissance Man

    • Castiglione, Book of the Courtier, 1528

  • Third: Townspeople/Peasants

    • 85-90% of population

    • Patricians-wealthier from trade, industry

    • Burghers-shopkeepers, artisans: goods/services

    • Peasants- property less workers

      • 30-40% of city population


Intellectual

  • Humanism-based on the study of the classics from Greece and Rome

  • Rhetoric, grammar, poetry, philosophy, ethics, and history=Humanities


Arts

  • Fresco-painting done on a fresh, wet plaster

  • Art was to imitate nature, reality in paintings was an object

  • Famous painters:

    • Raphael, Michelangelo, Durer, van Eyck


Restate it!!!

  • What was a Renaissance Man?

  • How does this image effect life in the Renaissance?

  • What class are most people in? Why?

  • How has humanism changed the intellectual atmosphere?

  • What is unique about Renaissance art?


Vitruvian Man, Leonardo da Vinci


Primavera, Sandro Botticelli


Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci


The Wire-drawing MillAlbrecht Durer


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