Renaissance
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Renaissance. A Reawakening of Culture. From Middle Ages-Renaissance. Middle Ages became marked with political tensions, plague, and decline of Church Growth of cities/trade led to a sharing of ideas, culture, language

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Renaissance

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Renaissance

Renaissance

A Reawakening of Culture


From middle ages renaissance

From Middle Ages-Renaissance

  • Middle Ages became marked with political tensions, plague, and decline of Church

  • Growth of cities/trade led to a sharing of ideas, culture, language

  • The Church no longer rules way of life, science, math, art from ancients flourish again


Italian renaissance

Italian Renaissance

  • Renaissance- French word meaning rebirth

  • Period from 1350-1550

    • Began in Italy, but spread throughout Europe

    • General interest in Greek/Roman way of life, art, architecture, intellect


Restate it

Restate it!!!

  • What events caused the Renaissance to begin?

  • What does Renaissance mean?

  • What was the general interest in the Renaissance?


Political

Political

  • Italy lacks a strong central monarch like England and France

  • City states rule territories

  • Powerful families become leaders

    • Ex. Medici family in Florence

  • Many were ruled by a small number of wealthy merchants

    • Venice, Florence (until Medici)


Restate it1

Restate it!!

  • What were the political system/s of the Renaissance?

  • How are they different from the Middle Ages?

  • What impact will this have on Europe?


Economic

Economic

  • Money economy

    • No more barter system

    • Money exchanged for goods

  • The Crusades allowed new trading posts in the East

    • Goods such as silk, spices, sugars could be taken back to Europe


Religion

Religion

  • Great Schism ended in 1417

    • Even though reunited, the Church had major problems dealing with heretics and reform

  • Religion was no longer center of life for many people in Italy

  • Popes became leaders of papal states, using force and war to spread territory

  • Renaissance popes were patrons of art, making Rome a leader in culture


Restate it2

Restate it!!!

  • What happened to the Church in 1378?

  • What did it do to people’s faith?

  • How did that affect the Renaissance?

  • How do the Renaissance popes differ from Middle Ages popes?


Social

Social

  • Social structure: Three estates

  • First: The Clergy

  • Second: Nobility

    • Born not made: Renaissance Man

    • Castiglione, Book of the Courtier, 1528

  • Third: Townspeople/Peasants

    • 85-90% of population

    • Patricians-wealthier from trade, industry

    • Burghers-shopkeepers, artisans: goods/services

    • Peasants- property less workers

      • 30-40% of city population


Intellectual

Intellectual

  • Humanism-based on the study of the classics from Greece and Rome

  • Rhetoric, grammar, poetry, philosophy, ethics, and history=Humanities


Renaissance

Arts

  • Fresco-painting done on a fresh, wet plaster

  • Art was to imitate nature, reality in paintings was an object

  • Famous painters:

    • Raphael, Michelangelo, Durer, van Eyck


Restate it3

Restate it!!!

  • What was a Renaissance Man?

  • How does this image effect life in the Renaissance?

  • What class are most people in? Why?

  • How has humanism changed the intellectual atmosphere?

  • What is unique about Renaissance art?


Vitruvian man leonardo da vinci

Vitruvian Man, Leonardo da Vinci


Primavera sandro botticelli

Primavera, Sandro Botticelli


Mona lisa leonardo da vinci

Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci


The wire drawing mill albrecht durer

The Wire-drawing MillAlbrecht Durer


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