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Users & Authorization. Users must be setup and roles assigned to user master records before you can use the SAP System. A user can only log on to the system if he or she has a user master record. A user menu and authorizations are also assigned to the user master record via one or more roles. .

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Users authorization
Users & Authorization

  • Users must be setup and roles assigned to user master records before you can use the SAP System.

  • A user can only log on to the system if he or she has a user master record. A user menu and authorizations are also assigned to the user master record via one or more roles.


Users in the r 3 environment

Dispatcher

B

V

...

D

Users in the R/3 Environment

Operating System

OS User

Present.

Server

R/3 User

Operating System

OS User

Application

Server

Admin. User

Database Server

Operating System

OS User

Database

Server

DB User


The user master record
The User Master Record

All user data required for

R/3 System access is stored

in the user master record

in eight categories



Authorization concept
Authorization Concept

User master record

User master record

Profile

Profile

Authorization

for Task A

Authorization

for Task B

Action

Action

Transaction permitted?

Authorizations assigned?

Objects needing protection

Vendor

Material

Company code

Plant


Authorization check
Authorization Check

SAP GUI

Dynpro

User Context

Authority

Check

No

OK?

Message

Yes

Processing


Authorization objects
Authorization Objects

Authorization

Customer company code: Authorization A

Authorization object

Object

class

0001-0009

Object: Customer company code

Financial

Accounting

display, change

Company Code

Activity

Customer company code: Authorization B

*

display


User administration authorizations

User Master Maintenance:Authorizations

(S_USER_AUT)

01 Create

02 Change

03 Display

06 Delete

07 Activate

08 Display change documents

22 Assign authorization profiles

24 Archive

ACTIVITY

AUTH

Limited name space for the assignment of authorization names

OBJECT

Authorization objects

User Administration Authorizations

Object Fields Value Meaning


Central user administration
Central User Administration

With central user administration, the creation and maintenance of all user master data is performed in a single R/3 System

QAS System

Client 100

Client 200

Client 100 Client 200 Client 300

PRD System

Client 100

DEV System



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