N5 music through the ages
1 / 15

N5 Music Through The Ages - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

N5 Music Through The Ages. Baroque Music. Baroque Concerto Opera Scale Major / Minor Chord / Harmony Broken chord / Arpeggio Pedal Inverted Pedal Canon Binary AB Ternary ABA. Concerto Cadenza Harpsichord Ground Bass Soprano / Alto Tenor / Bass Mezzo Soprano / Baritone Ornament

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' N5 Music Through The Ages' - lerato

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
N5 music through the ages

N5 Music Through The Ages

Baroque Music

BaroqueConcertoOperaScaleMajor / MinorChord / HarmonyBroken chord / ArpeggioPedalInverted PedalCanonBinary ABTernary ABA




Ground Bass

Soprano / Alto

Tenor / Bass

Mezzo Soprano / Baritone





Syllabic / Melismatic

All concepts in red are Higher concepts

The word Baroque was first used to describe the highly decorative and grand style of architecture and art of the 17th Century

Musicians adopted the word using it to describe the musical styles of the years 1600-1750

The system of decorative and grand style of architecture and art of the 17Modes, which the tonality was based on in the Medieval and Renaissance periods was disused and by the end of the 17th Century music was based on Major and Minor tonalities.

Many new musical structures were introduced and developed by Baroque composers including......






Concerto Grosso




There were many important composers in the Baroque period.... The two most influential were:

  • George Frederic Händel

  • 1685-1759

  • Born in Halle, Germany

  • Died in London England

  • Johann Sebastian Bach

  • 1685-1750

  • Born in Eisenach, Germany

  • Died Leipzig Germany

Baroque Instrumental Music period.... The two most influential were:

The Violin family (Violin, Viola, Cello and Double bass) replaced the viols of the renaissance period in the first half of the Baroque period.

  • The Baroque Orchestra Contained

  • A string section

  • 1 or 2 flutes (or recorders), oboes and bassoons

  • 1 or 2 horns and occasionally trumpets (NO VALVES !!!)

  • Timpani

  • Organ or Harpsichord (Continuo)

The organ or harpsichord played a period.... The two most influential were:continuo or figured bass

The performer follows a Bass line with a series of figures (Figured bass) which tells the player which chords to improvise around

The key styles of instrumental composition in the baroque period were.............




Ground Bass - A theme in the bass which is repeated many times while the upper parts are varied.


Concerto Grosso

Concerto Grosso period were.............

Was one of the most important forms developed in the Baroque period

In concerto Grosso, a small group of soloists called the Concertinocontrast against the orchestra Ripieno

The most well known concerto Grosso are the Brandenburg concertos by J.S Bach

Fugue period were.............

Composers moved away from the homophonic texture; where all parts move together to polyphonic/contrapuntal writing, where two or more parts move at different times from each other

The fugue is the most important type of polyphonic writing in the Baroque period, and is based on imitation.

The fugueuses 3 or 4 parts which merge together and overlap using imitation

Fugues were mostly written for harpsichord or organ

The two main types of Baroque vocal compositions are period were.............

Opera and Oratorio, These are similar but have some differences....

Opera would be performed in a concert Hall or Opera house

Oratorio would be performed in a church

The solo song in opera and Oratorio is called an period were.............Aria,

The key features of an aria are.......

Accompanied by orchestra

Usually in ternary form

Known as Da Capo Arias

Syllabic: where each syllable of each word is given 1 musical note to be sung

Melismatic: where each syllable can be given more than one note per syllable

Word Painting:Where the musical line reflects the words being sung

Homophonic period were.............

  • Texture where you hear melody with accompaniment or where all the parts play a similar rhythm at the same time.

  • See how the parts all have the same rhythm here:


Texture which consists of two or more melodic lines, possibly of equal importance, which weave independently of each other. Polyphonic is similar in meaning to contrapuntal.

Episode period were.............

A section of music linking two appearances of the same material. Listen to an episode from a Concerto Grosso.

In Fugue an episode can be used as a modulating link between entries of the subject and is frequently based on fragments from the subject or Counter subject.


Short for pedal point. A note which is  period were.............sustained, or repeated continuously, in the bass beneath changing harmonies.

In the notation, a pedal note can be seen in the lower part.


Inverted Pedal

A note which is held on or repeated continuously

at a high pitch. Opposite in pitch to pedal.