N5 Music Through The Ages. Baroque Music. Baroque Concerto Opera Scale Major / Minor Chord / Harmony Broken chord / Arpeggio Pedal Inverted Pedal Canon Binary AB Ternary ABA. Concerto Cadenza Harpsichord Ground Bass Soprano / Alto Tenor / Bass Mezzo Soprano / Baritone Ornament
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N5 Music Through The Ages
BaroqueConcertoOperaScaleMajor / MinorChord / HarmonyBroken chord / ArpeggioPedalInverted PedalCanonBinary ABTernary ABA
Soprano / Alto
Tenor / Bass
Mezzo Soprano / Baritone
Syllabic / Melismatic
All concepts in red are Higher concepts
The word Baroque was first used to describe the highly decorative and grand style of architecture and art of the 17th Century
Musicians adopted the word using it to describe the musical styles of the years 1600-1750
The system of Modes, which the tonality was based on in the Medieval and Renaissance periods was disused and by the end of the 17th Century music was based on Major and Minor tonalities.
Many new musical structures were introduced and developed by Baroque composers including......
There were many important composers in the Baroque period.... The two most influential were:
Baroque Instrumental Music
The Violin family (Violin, Viola, Cello and Double bass) replaced the viols of the renaissance period in the first half of the Baroque period.
The organ or harpsichord played a continuo or figured bass
The performer follows a Bass line with a series of figures (Figured bass) which tells the player which chords to improvise around
The key styles of instrumental composition in the baroque period were.............
Ground Bass - A theme in the bass which is repeated many times while the upper parts are varied.
Was one of the most important forms developed in the Baroque period
In concerto Grosso, a small group of soloists called the Concertinocontrast against the orchestra Ripieno
The most well known concerto Grosso are the Brandenburg concertos by J.S Bach
Composers moved away from the homophonic texture; where all parts move together to polyphonic/contrapuntal writing, where two or more parts move at different times from each other
The fugue is the most important type of polyphonic writing in the Baroque period, and is based on imitation.
The fugueuses 3 or 4 parts which merge together and overlap using imitation
Fugues were mostly written for harpsichord or organ
The two main types of Baroque vocal compositions are
Opera and Oratorio, These are similar but have some differences....
Opera would be performed in a concert Hall or Opera house
Oratorio would be performed in a church
The solo song in opera and Oratorio is called an Aria,
The key features of an aria are.......
Accompanied by orchestra
Usually in ternary form
Known as Da Capo Arias
Syllabic: where each syllable of each word is given 1 musical note to be sung
Melismatic: where each syllable can be given more than one note per syllable
Word Painting:Where the musical line reflects the words being sung
Texture which consists of two or more melodic lines, possibly of equal importance, which weave independently of each other. Polyphonic is similar in meaning to contrapuntal.
A section of music linking two appearances of the same material. Listen to an episode from a Concerto Grosso.
In Fugue an episode can be used as a modulating link between entries of the subject and is frequently based on fragments from the subject or Counter subject.
Short for pedal point. A note which is sustained, or repeated continuously, in the bass beneath changing harmonies.
In the notation, a pedal note can be seen in the lower part.
A note which is held on or repeated continuously
at a high pitch. Opposite in pitch to pedal.