Study Guide Answers. Chapter 1-4. Bilingualism The Policy of having two official languages Name the 3 groups of aboriginals Native Americans, Inuit, Metis Assimilation
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What is citizenship and why is it important to Canada?
Citizenship is a membership in a group or nation where you receive all the rights the state supplies, but also must carry out the responsibilities and duties that go with them. It is important because it creates a community where everyone does their part so everyone can enjoy the benefits of the community.
What is Immigration and why is it important for Canada?
Immigration is when people move from somewhere else to Canada. It is important because our birth rates are declining and because we value diversity as a nation.
What was the Indian Act of 1876 and what did it do?
It was an act of parliament that banned ancient native cultural practices. It was an effort to assimilate the native population.
What do we mean by Canada’s Northern Sovereignty—and how can Canada protect this? Why is it important?
Canada’s control over its northern territories. Canada can protect this by moving people north, expanding its military and civilian presence. It is important because of how many resources are in that region and for Canada’s identity as a northern nation.
What is the definition of a Right? Why is it important?
Something to which an individual is morally or legally entitled. It’s important because it is something an individual needs to live their life comfortably and/or successfully and allows them to remain an individual.
What is the difference between a Right and a Freedom?
A right is something that the government has a responsibility to ensure you have access to it (or that it’s protected). A Freedom is something you have that the government does not need to do anything to provide
Does the Charter of Rights and Freedoms give specific examples of how you can or cannot punish a criminal? If so, how? If not, what does it do instead?
It does not—it provides guidelines that courts can use to decide what is cruel or unusual punishment.
The right to vote is called Franchise, and this has been made available to more and more different types of people. How might this change Canada’s politics?
The interests of these different groups will influence what decisions our government makes— i.e. it will be less likely to only look out for white land holding men.
Why are Equality rights so important?
They remove barriers to success and “level the playing field” for all peoples in Canada.