Active and passive verb tenses
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Active and passive verb tenses. Parts of a sentence (Review). Subject : a person, place or thing. HINT To identify the subject of a sentence, ask yourself " who or what is doing the action? " Verb : an action word. HINT

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Parts of a sentence review
Parts of a sentence (Review)

  • Subject: a person, place or thing.

    HINT

    To identify the subject of a sentence, ask yourself "who or what is doing the action?"

  • Verb: an action word.

    HINT

    To identify the verb in a sentence, ask yourself "what is the action?" or "what is being done here?" In some sentences, though, the verb is a "state of being." The verb "to be" in all its forms is an example of this.

  • Direct Object:a person or thing receiving the action


Example sentences parts of speech
Example SENTENCES (parts of speech)

  • The general shrugged his shoulders and delicately ate a hot house grape.(TMDG)

  • One evening her husband came home with an exultant air, holding a large envelope in his hand. (The Necklace)

  • He indicated a metal path that struck off into green wilderness, over streaming swamp, among giant ferns and palms. (A Sound of Thunder)


Active verbs
****Active verbs****

  • Active sentence form:

    • Person or object doing action= subject

    • Person or object receiving action= Direct object

  • [thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving the action]


Active verb examples
Active verb examples

Mrs. Doubtfire gave Tabitha and Samantha quizzes.

[ ] + [ ] + [ ]thing doing the action verb thing receiving the action


Passive verbs
Passive verbs

  • Passive form:

    • Intended Direct object = becomes the subject

    • Thing doing action (REAL SUBJECT) = at the end of the sentence

  • [thing receiving action] + [be] + [verb] + [by] + [thing doing the action]


Passive verb examples
Passive verb examples

  • The quizzes were given to Tabitha and Samantha by Mrs. Doubtfire.

    Mrs. Doubtfire gave Tabitha

    vs.

    The quizzes were given

    Which sentence beginning is stronger?

    Mrs. Doubtfire gave …


Comparing active vs passive
Comparing ACTIVE VS. PASSIVE

  • Mrs. Doubtfire gave Tabitha and Samantha quizzes. (ACTIVE)

  • The quizzes were given to Tabitha and Samantha by Mrs. Doubtfire. (PASSIVE)


It s your turn
It’s your turn

Complete the questions on the practice worksheet.


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