Vietnam. 1954-1975. Background. Japan had seized power of Vietnam during World War II. China had controlled the region at different times for hundreds of years as well. Vietnam was constantly controlled by foreigners. From the late 1900’s
By 1900’s Vietnamese Nationalist began pushing for independence from France.
Ho Chi Minh and the Nationalist united both the Communists and the Non-Communists in the struggle to force Japan out of Vietnam. For this reason the United States began sending aid to the Vietminh.
1946 French troops returned to Vietnam and pushed the Vietminh out. By 1949 French had set up a govt in Vietnam.
America’s decision was difficult on who to support. We did not support Colonialism and thought that the people of a country should run the country not foreigners. However, We did not want Vietnam to become Communist and the Vietminh were promoting Communism
Southern section of Vietnam still did not want to be Communist so U.S. went in immediately to aid the Nationalist leader Ngo Dinh Diem.( anti-communist)
Vietcong backed by Communist North Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh began attacking South Vietnam led by Ngo Dinh Diem.
When Pres. Kennedy took office he needed to appear tough on Communism so he sent more troops to aid the South Vietnamese.
Pres. Kennedy would be assassinated and V.P Lyndon B. Johnson would now be faced with what to do about Vietnam. The Vietnam war was becoming very unpopular.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution- The U.S. enters the war officially. Prior we had just provided aid.
Tet offensive outcome for communist was bad but it was also bad for the war’s approval rating and the approval rating of Pres. Johnson. Johnson had been telling the American public that the conflict was coming to and end yet after Tet Offensive a total of 706,000 American troops were called to serve.
North Vietnam resumed negotiations and on January 27 1973 The Vietnam Conflict was over.
By March of 1975 though North Vietnam would launch a full scale invasion of South Vietnam. S. Vietnam asked for help from the US which Nixon had promised but Nixon had resigned due to the Watergate Scandal. VP Henry Ford who became Pres ask Congress to aid the South Vietnamese but Congress refused. By April 30 1975 the North had captured Saigon-South Vietnam’s capital and Vietnam was united under communist rule