The
Download
1 / 48

The CIVIL WAR - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 54 Views
  • Uploaded on

The CIVIL WAR. Link to You tube. Fort Sumter. Once Lincoln was elected South Carolina seceded followed by six others. Fort Sumter was under siege. If he fights he looks like he started it. If he does nothing he looks week So he sends food.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' The CIVIL WAR' - leola


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

The

CIVIL WAR



Fort sumter
Fort Sumter

  • Once Lincoln was elected South Carolina seceded followed by six others.

  • Fort Sumter was under siege.

    • If he fights he looks like he started it.

    • If he does nothing he looks week

    • So he sends food.

  • Jefferson Davis ordered his men to fire on the fort.

  • This is the official start of the war.


Fighting begins
Fighting begins…

At the battle of Vicksburg, there were 17 Confederate armies and 22 Union armies from the state of Missouri!

  • Lincoln called for 75,000 troops for 3 months of service.

  • This led to Virginia seceding from the Union. (Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina followed.)

  • 11 States total joined the Confederacy.

  • West Virginia joined the Union.

  • Four slave states stayed in the Union. (Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky and Missouri)


Plans
Plans

  • North- “Anaconda Plan”

    • Blockade South Coast

    • Take Miss. River and split the Confederacy

    • Capture Richmond (CSA Capital)

  • South

    • Fight a defensive war

    • Make North come to them

    • Won’t take offensive unless forced to

      or

      to relieve pressure on the South


ADVANTAGES OF THE NORTH

  • 1. Population 22,000,000 – (9,500,000 in the South)

  • 2. 92% Manufacturing – Industrial Base.

  • 3. Skilled Labor and management.

  • 4. Capital – 75% of Bank Deposits.

  • 5. Mineral Resources

  • 6. 2 ½ times more R.R.

  • 7. Arsenals

  • 8. Superior Sea Power

  • 9. Established Government.

SOUTHERN ADVANTAGES

  • 1. Defensive War.

  • 2. Southern Military Leaders

  • 3. Military Tradition.

  • 4. Shorter Lines of Communication.

  • 5. King Cotton

  • 6. Favored (but not officially ) by the French and British. Why?


Bull run 1 st major battle
Bull Run (1st Major Battle)

July 21st, 1861

Embarrassing loss for the union


Key changes in warfare during the civil war
Key Changes in Warfare During the Civil War

This is gonna be different!

  • Submarine

  • Armored ships

  • Rifled Bullets

  • Use of telegraph

  • 1st maching gun (not really used)

  • Barb wire

  • Large scale news coverage


In order to understand this you have to understand how previous wars were fought volunteers
In order to understand this you have to understand how previous wars were fought.Volunteers?


During the revolutionary war

During the previous wars were fought.Revolutionary War

Formations were based upon bayonet charges.

This is because of how muskets worked. Watch, I’ll demonstrate.


But then

BUT THEN… previous wars were fought.

A guy named Jean Claude Minie made a tiny change to the musket ball.


Effects
Effects… previous wars were fought.

In 1855 the U.S. government accepted Minie’s ideas. They could have bought repeating rifles but were afraid they would waste ammo.


But they never changed tactics until years after the war started
But they never changed tactics until years after the war started!!!

  • Death tolls were high because no one considered how the minie ball and other technology would change things.

  • Pickett’s charge at Gettysburg changed that.


Eventually changes in tactics were made

Troops were spread out more. started!!!

Battlefields became bigger.

Trenches and fortifications became common.

Victories were less decisive.

Battles were longer and harder to win.

As a result, fighting ends in stalemate.

Eventually changes in tactics were made.


So how do you end the stalemate and win the war

So how do you end the stalemate and win the war? started!!!

And now for a new question…

Answer: Innovate, change and use new technology better than your opponent. New tactics!!



The north finally gets the upper hand
The North started!!!(Finally) Gets the Upper Hand

The Battle of Gettysburg

July 1-3, 1963


Gettysburg
Gettysburg started!!!

  • 3 day battle

  • Usually Lee had the high ground and dug in, this time it is reversed.

  • Ended the threat of a northern invasion by Lee.

  • Picket’s charge.


Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.


Total War this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

  • Destroy the enemies will to fight.

  • Burn infrastructure.

    • Railroads

    • Bridges

    • Mills

  • Torch fields, destroy wells

  • Soldiers worry about their families at home.

  • At the end of the war 1/3 of all the Confederate troops had deserted.


Grant takes over
Grant takes over this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

  • Meade did not follow Lee after Gettysburg.

  • He was replaced by Grant (won at Vicksburg on the same day as Gettysburg).

  • Grant has a new view of how to win the war, TOTAL WAR.

  • He and Sherman implement it


" this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. You cannot qualify war in harsher terms than I will. War is cruelty, and you cannot refine it; and those who brought war into our country deserve all the curses and maledictions a people can pour out. I know I had no hand in making this war, and I know I will make more sacrifices to-day than any of you to secure peace."William T. Sherman in a letter to the mayor and city council of Atlanta.


Sherman’s this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

march

to

the Sea

November 15th- December 22, 1864


The Burning of Atlanta and Sherman’s March to the Sea this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.


Grant defeats lee in virginia
Grant defeats Lee in Virginia this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

  • Grant constantly attacked Lee.

  • He lost twice as many men as Lee, but he had more.

  • Newspapers call him “the butcher.”

  • Eventually Lee Surrender’s at Appomattox Courthouse.

April 9th, 1865


Appamattox this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Courthouse


Effects of the War this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

  • The Southern Economy was destroyed.

  • Slavery was abolished, 13th Amendment.

  • Increased the power of the federal government.

  • Income tax, conscription

  • The Northern Economy was booming


Lincoln is assassinated
Lincoln is Assassinated this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

April, 14th, 1865


Slides omitted from us history version
Slides omitted from US history version. this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.


Monitor and the merrimack virginia
Monitor and the Merrimack this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. (Virginia)

March 9th, 1862

This changes

the

WORLD


Antietam bloodiest single day in american history
Antietam this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. (Bloodiest single day in American History)

September 17th, 1862

  • 26,000 died in one day.

    • As many as in the whole Mexican war!!!

  • South Lost 25% of those

    fighting.

  • McClellan doesn’t follow!!!

    • Lincoln fired him.

  • Leads Lincoln to issue…

Union

Victory, ish


The emancipation proclamation
The this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Emancipation Proclamation

  • Freed slaves in areas in rebellion.

  • Not in slave states still in the Union.

  • Hardened opposition in the South.

September 22, 1862


Habeas corpus copperheads conscription
Habeas Corpus this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. CopperheadsConscription

Be sure to read Chap 11 section 3


ad