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Speech and Language. Three Components of Speech and Language. 1. Morphology: rules for combining words to form bigger words e.g.: handi+cap vs. handi+cap+able 2. Syntax: rules for combining words to form sentences and phrases e.g.: nouns+verb+direct object+indirect object

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Three components of speech and language
Three Components of Speech and Language

  • 1. Morphology: rules for combining words to form bigger words

    • e.g.: handi+cap vs. handi+cap+able

  • 2. Syntax: rules for combining words to form sentences and phrases

    • e.g.: nouns+verb+directobject+indirect object

  • 3. Phonology: rules for combining sounds to produce words, phrases, and sentences


Theories on language acquisition
Theories on Language Acquisition

  • 1. Nativism: born with all the words and related morphology, syntax, and phonology that we will ever acquire

  • 2. Generativism: born with the three, basic concepts but acquire words from experience

    • chunking

  • 3. Motherese: learn words and the three, basic concepts from parents


What to learn more about language acquistion
What to Learn More About Language Acquistion?

  • Steven Pinker is a professor at Harvard who is a Pulitzer Prize Finalist for his books “How the Mind Works” and “The Stuff of Thought”




Hemispheric localization
Hemispheric Localization

  • Language and speech centers primarily located in the left hemisphere





Examples of broca s vs wernicke s aphasia
Examples of “Imbalance”Broca’s vs. Wernicke’s Aphasia

  • Broca’s: “O, yea. Det’s a boy an’ a girl..an’…a…car….house..lightpo’….dog an’ a….boat. Ndet’s a ….mm..a…cofee, an’ reading. Det’sa…mm….a…det’s a boy fishin’”

  • Wernicke’s: “Ah, yes, it’s, ah…several things. It’s a girl….uncurl…on a boat. A dog…is another dog…long’s…on a boat. The lady, it’s a young lady. This…a tree! A boat. No, over in here…a cake….




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