This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 90

# Welcome to AP Stats! PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Welcome to AP Stats!. Ms. Matthews. What is Statistics?. Statistics:. Science of learning from data. This includes collecting and interpreting!. This is not your typical math course! You will not really calculate things by hand, instead think about their meanings!. Prerequisites:.

Welcome to AP Stats!

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

#### Presentation Transcript

Welcome to AP Stats!

Ms. Matthews

What is Statistics?

Statistics:

Science of learning from data

This includes collecting and interpreting!

This is not your typical math course! You will not really calculate things by hand, instead think about their meanings!

Prerequisites:

A passing grade in Algebra II

Course Expectations:

TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF: If you find that you are having difficulty at ANY time, please talk to your teacher.

Course Expectations:

TAKE CARE OF EACH OTHER: Allow everyone to learn and work in this classroom. Respect others and help when asked.

Course Expectations:

TAKE CARE OF THIS PLACE:There is to be NO FOOD OR DRINK IN THE CLASSROOM FOR ANY REASON.

No music devices, headphones, cell phones, hats, sunglasses or cosmetic products are permitted in the classroom. The item(s) will be confiscated.

REQUIRED MATERIALS: Each student is to come prepared for class and bring the following materials EVERY DAY:

• A 3-ring binder

• A spiral notebook, glue stick/tape, highlighters,

• colored pencils, scissors (due Tuesday)

• TI-83, TI-84, or the TI-89

• Homework/Notes 30%

• Quizzes/Free Response 5%

• Projects/Activities 15%

• Tests50%

98% & up A+ 83-87% B 68-72% C-

93-97% A 80-82% B- 67% D

90-92% A- 78-79% C+ 66% & below F

88-89% B+ 73-77% C

ATTENDANCE: AP Stats covers a considerable amount of material. Please note the following:

• Attendance is very important. If you are absent on a day of a new lesson, you are responsible for making up the notes and homework before the chapter test. If you are absent on a review day, you are expected to do the review on your own and take the test on test day.

ATTENDANCE: AP Stats covers a considerable amount of material. Please note the following:

• If you are absent on a test day you must make it up within 2 days (during after school tutorial or during a free block). This is your responsibility to schedule a time to make up a missed test with your teacher.

ATTENDANCE: AP Stats covers a considerable amount of material. Please note the following:

• Homework and tests will receive NO credit if the absence is unexcused (not cleared through the attendance office).

HOMEWORK/NOTES:

• Work is to be done on a separate sheet of paper. See back page for homework expectations.

HOMEWORK/NOTES:

• Homework will be collected daily. It must be complete AND every problem correct to receive full credit. Spiral reviews are given after each test and are due the day of the next test. Spiral reviews count as 2 homework assignments.

EXAMPLE

HOMEWORK/NOTES:

• Late work is not accepted without a pass. You will be given 2 passes in the beginning. No work will be accepted after the chapter test.

HOMEWORK/NOTES:

• You will be creating an interactive notebook during the class. It will be graded on review days for the unit.

QUIZZES/FREE RESPONSES:

• Some days students will complete a quiz or a previous released Free Response Question at the beginning of class based on the material they have learned.

• When students take the quiz or FR with their assigned groups, only one will be selected from the group to be graded. Each student in the group will receive the score of the one that is graded.

QUIZZES/FREE RESPONSES:

• If you are ABSENT or LATE you cannot make up the quiz. At the end of the term, the 3 lowest scores will be dropped.

PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES:

• Throughout the course there will be some projects and activities. Some of the projects will be done in groups, in pairs, or individually. It is important to come to class on activity days because they cannot be made up.

• Late projects will be worth 50% off if they are one class day late. Beyond that, they will not be accepted.

TESTS:

• There will only be two tests per term. These tests are in the format of an AP test and are cumulative. The grades will be curved on the AP grading scale ONLY if you complete test corrections during a tutorial.

TESTS:

It is very important to prepare for the test by studying:

Re work homework problems

Do the review tests

Review Quizzes and FRQ

Go to tutorials

Do the cumulative reviews

Go to http://msmatthewsschs.wikispaces.com/apstats

VIEWING GRADES ONLINE: Grades may be viewed online. They will be updated after each chapter test. To view grades online, please refer to the following instructions.

• Go to www.schscougars.org

• Under Staff, select Directory. Select your teacher’s name

• Select Visit Website, and navigate to Grades. Enter your student’s ID number.

Please see me to make an appointment if you need extra help.

Charlotte Matthews

(619)660-3668

cmatthews@gushd.net

• I have a bachelors in Math and a masters in Education

• I work a lot, and expect you to as well

• I love teaching math

• I love music

• I teach AP Statistics & Geometry

• I will be using PowerPoints almost daily

• Calendar and agenda are in the back

• If you get an ‘A’ on a test, your name goes up

• on the superstars board!

• There will be notes and HW daily

• I will only answer 2 HW questions the next day

• You will work in groups

Why group work?

5%

10%

20%

30%

50%

75%

90%

Bathroom Rules:

• You cannot go until after the notes are done

• If someone is gone you cannot go

• When you come back return the pass to me

Things NOT to do:

• Your phone is not a calculator

• Ipods should not be used!

Things NOT to do:

• Cheat

Things NOT to do:

• Say “I will do this homework later”

Things NOT to do:

Things NOT to do:

• Not come prepared to class

Things NOT to do:

• Go through my things without permission

Things NOT to do:

• Not be in dress code

Things NOT to do:

• Say “I don’t want to sit here”

What I like to see:

• Positive Attitude

• Helping others by explaining!

• Not having to personally invite you to work

• Having fun while learning

Let's Begin!

Preliminary Chapter – What is Statistics?

4 main themes:

(compare graphs and numbers)

I. Exploring data

II. Sampling & Experimentation

(collect data)

(Probability and Simulation)

III. Anticipating Patterns

(Make conclusions)

IV. Statistical Inference

Last Year’s Profits

Last Year’s Profits

Population:

Entire group of interest

Sample:

Representation of subjects from the population

Where do you get good data?

Available Data:

Data that was produced in the past, can be good or bad!

Census:

When you survey everyone in the population of interest

Survey:

Questionnaire designed to gauge public opinion and predict what the population believes

Observational Study:

Don’t interfere with the individuals, no treatment applied. Includes surveys.

Ex. What percent of students have cell phones?

Do something to the individuals, apply a treatment (doesn’t have to be a drug)

Experiment:

Ex. Can sleeping for 8hrs increase your GPA?

Only experiments because a treatment was applied in a controlled environment.

Cause and Effect:

Example #1:

I want to know if Steele Canyon students like school. How can I find out?

Example #2:

Do people wash their hands every time after going to the bathroom? Design an observation.

Survey if they wash hands

Watch to see if they wash their hands

Example #3: In adults, moderate use of alcohol is associated with better health. Some studies suggest that drinking wine rather than beer or spirits yields added health benefits.

a. How would you determine if wine caused better

health than beer?

Experiment. Assign people into a drinking wine, beer, hard liquor, or no alcohol group.

b. What else could influence your results? What are some examples that could influence health that should be considered?

If they exercise, prior health concerns, how much they drink

Organizing, displaying, summarizing data and asking questions.

Data Analysis:

Individuals:

Objects described by a set of data. Can be people, animals, things

Variables:

Characteristic of an individual.

Categorical Variables:

Places an individual into one of several groups or categories

(favorite color, ethnicity)

Quantitative Variables:

Takes numerical values for which arithmetic operations (like adding) make sense.

(age, height, weight)

Example #4:For each of the following variables, state whether it is categorical or quantitative:

Whether a penny lands on heads or tails –

The color of a Reese’s Pieces candy –

Number of calories in a fast food meal –

The life expectancy of a nation –

Amount of college fees –

The weight of an automobile –

Who people voted for in the election –

categorical

categorical

quantitative

quantitative

quantitative

quantitative

categorical

When given data, what should you ask yourself?

W5HW

Who:

What:

Why:

When:

Where:

How:

By Whom:

Individuals

variables

purpose

How old is the data?

Where did the data come from?

How did they gather the data?

Who gathered the data?

Example #5 Here is a small part of a data set that describes the fuel economy (in miles per gallon) of 2004 model motor vehicles:

a. Answer the key questions (who, what, why, when, where, how, and by whom).

Who: 2004 vehicles

What: Make and Model, vehicle type, transmission type, # of cylinders, City MPG, Highway MPG

a. Answer the key questions (who, what, why, when, where, how, and by whom).

Why: Compare MPG in different cars

When: ?

Where: ?

How: ?

By whom: ?

b. Which variables are categorical? Quantitative?

Categorical:

Make and Model,

Vehicle type,

transmission type

Quantitative:

# of cylinders,

City MPG,

Highway MPG

c. Can you assume that manual transmissions always have better mpg? Explain.

No,

Not enough data collected. Only one manual transmission in the list!

The values the variables take and how often it takes these values

Distribution:

Average value. Add up numbers and divide by # of values

Mean:

Most frequent value

Mode:

Probability:

Chance behavior that is predictable in the long run

Example #6

You are taking the AP Stats exam. A multiple choice question is provided with answers a-e. You have no idea what the answer is! What is the probability you guess the correct answer?

1

5

=

0.2

=

20%

Statistical Inference:

Making guesses on the population given many samples from that population.

What will happen in 5 years?

Example #7

When you opened your bag of chips you were disappointed to see how empty the bag already was. The bag said it weighed 1.5 oz. You went and measured and discovered your bag weighed 1.45 oz. Can you say that the company should fix their machine?

No!

Sample size is too small!

Keeping InterActive Notebooks in Statistics

InterActive Notebooks will be used in this class to help you learn and remember key scientific concepts. Why does this type of notebook work? This notebook styles uses both the right and left brain hemispheres to help you build neural networks. By providing space for you to record information and refer to it quickly, this too increases your ability to remember and use the information later. You’ll also have an opportunity to interact creatively with the new knowledge you’re gaining.

• InterActive Notebook supplies due: Tuesday

• An 8.5 x 11 spiral notebook with at least 80-100 pages

• (probably will need at least 2)

• 2 glue sticks or scotch tape

• Highlighters of different colors and/or colored pencils

• Pen and pencil with an eraser

Instructions

See the sample below for the set-up for the first six pages and the back. Number all pages that follow in the upper right hand corner. Left side pages are even; right side pages are odd.

Left pages = output (even numbered pages)

The left spiral page shows your understanding of information. Basically it’s your manipulation of the information from the right side. You work with input from the right side, but present it in your own way. This includes interacting with the book.

Right pages = input (odd numbered pages)

The right page is for writing down information you are given – when your teacher lectures.

In the back= Formula sheets (labeling each formula) and Tables, Calculator tips

(inside cover)

Students glue/tape in a copy of the InterActive Instructions

(left side) 2

Students glue/tape in copy of left-side guidelines.

(right side) 1

Notebook Title Page:

Course, Teacher, Student’s Name, Block

(left side) 4

Students glue/tape in a copy of the Reflection page Rubric for first unit

(right side) 5

Students construct a title page for the first unit of study. Title, Graphic, Date

(right side) 3

Students glue/tape in copy of right-side guidelines.

(BACK)

Glue/Tape formula sheet and Tables (7pgs) and begin a list of calculator tips (3-4pgs)

(left side) 6

Keeping InterActive Notebooks in Statistics:

THE LEFT SIDE

The left page demonstrates your understanding of the information from the right side of the page. You work with the input and interact with the information in creative, unique and individual ways. The left side incorporates and reflects how you learn statistics as well as what you learn in statistics.

• What goes on the Left Side? Output goes on the left side! Left side items include:

• Quizzes or FRQ’s

• Text information

• Analysis Writing

• Reflection Writing

• Flowcharts

• Venn Diagrams

• Pictures that help represent the material on the left

• Things to Know About the Left Side

• Every left side page gets used

• Always use color…It helps the brain learn and

organize information.

Statistics

Keeping InterActive Notebooks in Statistics:

THE RIGHT SIDE

Interactive notebooks will be used in this class daily to help you learn and remember important chemistry concepts. Why do they work? This notebook style uses both the right and left hemispheres of the brain to help you sort, categorize, remember and creatively interact with the new knowledge you are gaining. The more you process information the more you begin to understand it. This leads to longer retention.

• What goes on the Right Side? Input goes on the right side!

• Input is all the information that you are supposed to learn. Some examples of input are

• Thrilling notes

• Lecture

• Vocabulary words

• Teacher questions

• Sample problems

• THE KEYS TO FANTASTIC RIGHT SIDES

• Always start the page with the date and section at

the top of the page.

• Right sides have odd numbered pages.

• The right page is for writing down information you

are given in class.

• Write legibly. Use highlighting and color to make

important information stand out.

Keeping InterActive Notebooks in Statistics:

THE REFLECTION

Toward the end of each chapter, you will be called upon to reflect upon your work. This writing sample begins on the left side on the notebook and continues on the right. While there is no required length, high quality reflection uses 1-2 pages of the notebook.

• Select at least 4 items that represent what you think will be on the AP test. Reflect on the importance of these ideas and why you would put these ideas on the test. Indicate how well you understand these topics.

2. Indicate your overall rating of your notebook based on the rubric. Explain why you have earned this rating. Has your notebook improved from past notebooks?

3. What specific study skills have you employed to be successful in this class? What organizational strategies appear in the notebook helped you learn the most? Elaborate.

4. What are your goals for improvement in the next chapter? List specific areas in which you feel you need to improve or need help improving.

5. What specific changes would you like to see in this class? Explain.

High Quality Reflection: A high quality reflection includes your consideration of the following in reference to your best work: what you learned from the activity, how you learned from it, what aspects of the work were high quality, what you would do differently in the future (and why), what makes you proud of this particular work, what made the activity worthwhile for you, how does this work impact your view of the world, what information did you learn that was new to you, etc. High quality reflection also examines your skills as a student and as a statistician. Skills you might discuss are organization, analysis, logic, creativity, thoroughness, accuracy of information, ability to put new information together, understanding new concepts, etc. Please note: Reasoning that it was “fun” or just that you like it, is NOT an adequate reflection!

Interactive Notebook

Notes from Class

Examples

Interactive Notebook

Interactive Notebook

Calculator Tips

Research Project

You are to research the purpose of taking AP Statistics. If you know what you want to major in for college, try to include this into your research. Your paper must be typed and include examples of statistics you have found in the newspaper, magazines, online, or in other classes. Aim for one page of narrative and one page of figures.

Due Fri, 8/28

Due Fri, 8/28