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Unit 3: stress and wellness. What is Stress?. Process by which we perceive and respond to certain events called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging

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what is stress
What is Stress?
  • Process by which we perceive and respond to certain events called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
  • Ex: Your excited/nervous about a first date. The night of the date you get a pimple on your nose! Which is the stress? ACTUALLY…
  • Stressor: the date
  • Stress reaction - pimple
health psychology
Health Psychology
  • Sub field that focuses on how stress affects our well-being and our health
    • How are stress and illness related?
    • How do our perceptions of stress affect our health?
    • Can we control our reactions to stress?
responding to stress 2 main ways to respond to stress
Responding to Stress2 main ways to respond to stress

YOU GET A FLAT TIRE

AS A THREAT

AS A CHALLENGE

  • “I can’t do this. I am going to be stuck on the side of the road.”
  • More likely to panic and freeze up
  • Making it more difficult to solve the problem
  • “I got this! I can google it and change my own tire!”
  • You will be focused and determined
  • More likely to overcome your perception of the stressor
how does your body react to stress
How does your body react to stress?
  • Emotion-arousing incidents-Pop Quiz- to physical stress-cold- all trigger the release of stress hormone into the nervous system
  • Increases heart rate, dulls sensation of pain, sends more blood to your larger muscles
  • It prepares you to either take action against the challenge (fight) or flee from it (flight)
  • Walter Cannon worked on the fight or flight response
    • Influenced others to go deeper into understanding stress
general adaption syndrome gas
General Adaption Syndrome (GAS)
  • Hans Selye
    • Expanded on Cannon’s ideas
    • Said that there were 3 stages of Stress – GAS
  • Phase 1: Alarm Reaction
    • Nervous system activated
    • Following your fight or flight response
  • Phase 2: Resistance
    • Outpouring of Stress
    • Respiration, temperature, and blood pressure high
    • Body is not made to be in this phase indefinitely
    • After event, body becomes depleted
general adaption syndrome gas1
General Adaption Syndrome (GAS)
  • Phase 3: Exhaustion
    • Greater susceptibility to illness and even death
    • Prolonged stress is physically deteriorating
    • Ex: Combat or child abuse cases affect the memory
types of stressors
Types of Stressors
  • Daily Stress
    • Locker jams, economic upheaval, forgot your book, etc.
    • Can cause burn outs – state of physical, mental, and emotional exhaustion- can include depression, decreased performance, cynicism
  • Significant Changes
    • Significant personal changes in one’s life. Ex: Death of a loved one, leaving home
types of stressors1
Types of Stressors
  • Catastrophes
    • Earthquakes, wars, flood, etc.
    • Prolonged exposure to stress
stress related diseases
Stress related diseases
  • Stress and Cancer
    • Connection not entirely clear
    • Stress does not appear to create the cancer cells
    • BUT Stress definitely affects the body’s fighting ability
    • Stress can weaken immune system and body is much more likely to allow tumor growth
stress related diseases1
Stress related Diseases
  • Stress and Heart problems
    • High levels of stress can increase the risk of heart disease
  • Type A and B personalities
    • Created by Meyer Friedmant and Ray Rosenman
    • Type A: impatient, competitive, hard driving, verbally aggressive, and anger prone – more likely to have heart attacks
    • Type B: laidback, easy going, and relaxed
stress and wellness in high school
Stress and Wellnessin High School
  • Individually, take the General Well-Being Quiz. Be honest as possible.
  • Be sure to write your answers on a separate sheet of paper. Once you have added up your points, answer the following questions on your answer sheet:
    • What does your score mean?
    • Do you believe it is accurate? Why/Why not?
    • What causes stress in high school students today? Explain
    • How might you decrease one’s stress level? Explain
    • When finished with questions, on a white sheet of paper, choose one way of decreasing stress levels for high school students and create a poster. Must include: a slogan, picture, and a brief explanation on the back why this would be helpful. Be sure to include COLOR! Staple answer sheet and poster together and turn in
group projects promoting wellness
Group Projects – Promoting Wellness
  • In groups of 6 (some 5) You will create an advertisement to promote a type of wellness to our local community
  • Exercise
  • Family/Friends
  • Faith
  • Flow
  • Happiness
  • Optimism
  • Sleep
group projects promoting wellness1
Group Projects – Promoting Wellness
  • In each group, you will need the following:
    • A commercial promoting your type of wellness (may be recorded or performed live)
    • Rap/song/poem –preformed in class
    • Ppt (at least 6 slides)
    • Argument of why your particular wellness is vital to healthy living ( Your not knocking the others down, just how, for example, exercise is very important…)
      • Argument will be written in 2 paragraphs
    • Project is worth 50 points and which group does the best will receive a quiz freebee coupon!
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