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Perceived Control & Wellbeing. Sue Chambers, Jackie Hollway, Emma-Rose Parsons & Clea Wallage. Subjective Wellbeing (SWB). Key question measuring general life satisfaction:. Related to domains in personal life

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Perceived control wellbeing

Perceived Control & Wellbeing

Sue Chambers, Jackie Hollway, Emma-Rose Parsons & Clea Wallage

School of Psychology, Deakin University


Subjective wellbeing swb
Subjective Wellbeing (SWB)

Key question measuring general life satisfaction:

Related to domains in personal life

Standard of living, health, achievement, personal relationships, safety, community belonging, future security


Normal distribution of swb
Normal Distribution of SWB

Prediction

Positive cognitive biases work to maintain SWB in 70-80 band.


Homeostatic model
Homeostatic Model

Prediction: Normally cognitive biases maintain positive SWB. Otherwise defeat


Other domains of life
Other domains of life

  • National: economy, environment, social conditions, government, business, security

  • Neighbourhood: trust, participation, goals, security, environment, public resources, sharing

  • Contribution to SWB?


Swb domains
SWB & Domains

Prediction

Positive cognitive biases used to maintain SWB more relevant to personal than > distal domains of neighbourhood & nation


Cognitive biases
Cognitive biases

  • Self-esteem, perceived control & optimism

  • Perceived Control

    • Primary: active strategy to change external situation

    • Secondary: active strategy to modify relevant cognitions

    • Relinquished: loss of control: no adaptive strategy


Predictions
Predictions

  • SWB in normal band: primary & secondary control strategies operating

  • SWB in low band: Primary & secondary control defeat: relinquished control

  • Personal wellbeing > predictor of SWB than Neighbourhood or National wellbeing


Method
Method

Participants: 578 adults from Australian Unity Wellbeing sample

Procedure: Completed 63 item questionnaire, returned by post.

Measures

  • General life satisfaction question (SWB)

  • Wellbeing scales: personal, neighbourhood & national (alphas >.80)

  • Perceived Control scales: primary, secondary, relinquished

  • Group: SWB scores <70 (G1)70-80 (G2) >80 (G3)


Results
Results

Group wellbeing means

1 2 3

Personal 54.6 73.6 83.7

Neighbourhood 53.4 64.9 72.7

National 49.9 60.4 65.3











Conclusions
Conclusions

  • Homeostasis model supported & useful

  • Control strategies differ with SBW level

    • Useful approach for interventions

  • Distal-proximal model of relation of domains to SWB supported. General-specific aspect: further analysis

  • Scales offer reliable & valid measures for further research examining perceived control & SWB in conjunction with self-esteem & optimism & varying challenging contexts


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