Three Organization Perspectives On Institutional Change: Institutional, Whole-of-Government & Military. Dalhousie-CJSOE Maritime Security Conference ‘Setting the Scene’ Presentation 5 June 2012 [email protected] , 902-494-6444. Halifax MARINE RESEARCH Institute. CFPS Research Workshop.
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Three Organization PerspectivesOn Institutional Change:Institutional, Whole-of-Government & Military
Dalhousie-CJSOE Maritime Security Conference
‘Setting the Scene’ Presentation
5 June 2012
[email protected], 902-494-6444
Halifax MARINE RESEARCH Institute
CFPS Research Workshop
P.22: “The greatest impediments to information sharing … are neither technical nor procedural. They are institutional and cultural.”
P.81: “A good understanding of the organizational culture of and between partners in a maritime security endeavor goes a long way to keeping a coalition of interest strong. Organizational culture is a persistent attribute and has many dimensions.”
“Western Hemisphere Perspectives and Approaches to Future Maritime Security Challenges”
Conducted: 27-29 October 2011
Past, Present, and Future?
US-Can. Future Security Assessments
of Trends and Constants
Landmass = 1: 1.01
Coastline = 1: 10.29
Strategy Begins with Awareness – Similarities & Differences
Pop., Economy, Capacity = 10: 1
“Mission Command” – 11 August 2011
P.3: “The pace of change and speed of operations will continue to accelerate.”
P.4: “Our leaders must be able to see, understand and rapidly exploit opportunities.”
P.5: “Joint and service doctrine, education and training are keys to achieving the habit of mission command.”
General Martin E. Dempsey, USA
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Spectrum of Change: So Many Choices!
“The first reason is that, in our globalized world, the well-being of nations is increasingly being defined by the ability to develop and advance knowledge. In other words, knowledge – as opposed to military might or GDP – is gaining momentum as the new currency and passport to success.”
The Right Honourable David Johnston,
and Commander-in-Chief of Canada
Source: “The Diplomacy of Knowledge,”
The Globe & Mail, 17 February 2012.
Resistance to Change
“Deep Structures: “[C]hange is actively prevented … by the set of fundamental ‘choices’ the institution will [consider] taking about: (1) how its units will be organized … and (2) the basic activity patterns that will maintain its existence.”
Source: Connie Gersick, “Revolutionary Change Theories: A Multilevel Explorations of the Punctuated Equilibrium Theory,” in Burke, et al., Organization Change: A Comprehensive Reader, (Jossey-Bass, 2009), pp. 144-149.
Spectrum of Change: Which Risk Matters?
The Three Functional Roles of ‘Maritime Security Forces’
Law Enforcement Doctrine
Foreign Relations Doctrine
Military Support/Lead when asked
Military sometimes Lead/Support when situation stabilized
Alliance, Joint and Service Doctrines
Ken Booth’s Triangle - Navies and Foreign Policies, 1977, 15-16.
The Three Roles of ‘Maritime Security Forces’
Ken Booth’s Triangle – Adapted for the ‘New Security Environment’.
Source: Hansen, “A New Naval Doctrine for the New Security Era,” forthcoming.
An Interoperability Governance & Terminology Framework?
Level of Directing Authority
Degree of Interoperability
The required perspective for these three ‘keys’ will probably NOT come from your own professional frame of reference.
Integrated Maritime Enforcement: A Handbook (PDF)
Francois N. Bailet, Fred W. Crickard, and Glen J. Herbert
Dalhousie University: Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, 2000