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Dalhousie-CJSOE Maritime Security Conference ‘Setting the Scene’ Presentation 5 June 2012 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Three Organization Perspectives On Institutional Change: Institutional, Whole-of-Government & Military. Dalhousie-CJSOE Maritime Security Conference ‘Setting the Scene’ Presentation 5 June 2012 [email protected] , 902-494-6444. Halifax MARINE RESEARCH Institute. CFPS Research Workshop.

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Dalhousie-CJSOE Maritime Security Conference ‘Setting the Scene’ Presentation 5 June 2012

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Three organization perspectives on institutional change institutional whole of government military

Three Organization PerspectivesOn Institutional Change:Institutional, Whole-of-Government & Military

Dalhousie-CJSOE Maritime Security Conference

‘Setting the Scene’ Presentation

5 June 2012

[email protected], 902-494-6444

Halifax MARINE RESEARCH Institute


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

CFPS Research Workshop

P.22: “The greatest impediments to information sharing … are neither technical nor procedural. They are institutional and cultural.”

P.81: “A good understanding of the organizational culture of and between partners in a maritime security endeavor goes a long way to keeping a coalition of interest strong. Organizational culture is a persistent attribute and has many dimensions.”

“Western Hemisphere Perspectives and Approaches to Future Maritime Security Challenges”

Conducted: 27-29 October 2011


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

Change

Anxiety

?

?

?

?

?

1997

Global

Trends

2010

2000

Global

Trends

2015

2004

Mapping

The

Future

2020

2008

Global

Trends

2025

2009

Future

Security

Enviro.

2030

Past, Present, and Future?

Today

Future

Past

(Known)

(Unknown)

Analogy

Activity

Future ‘Horizons’

US-Can. Future Security Assessments

of Trends and Constants

Status Quo


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

Landmass = 1: 1.01

Coastline = 1: 10.29

Canada

Canada

Strategy Begins with Awareness – Similarities & Differences

Republic

Currency

History

Policies

Strategy Driven

9/11

Language

Free Societies

Allied

Economies

Democracies

Borders

Arts

Sports

Families

United States

Canada

Monarchy

Currency

History

Policies

Management Driven

Pop., Economy, Capacity = 10: 1


Some complex agents of change

(Some) Complex Agents of Change

Environment

Military

Politics

Culture

(Domestic)

Technology

Legal

Culture

(Foreign)

Economy

Theory

Religion


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

“Mission Command” – 11 August 2011

P.3: “The pace of change and speed of operations will continue to accelerate.”

P.4: “Our leaders must be able to see, understand and rapidly exploit opportunities.”

P.5: “Joint and service doctrine, education and training are keys to achieving the habit of mission command.”

General Martin E. Dempsey, USA

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

Organizational Choices

Radical

Moderate

Moderate

Radical

Scale

Of

Change

Scale

Of

Change

Progression

To Transformation

Reversion

To Tradition

Emergence

Maintenance

Emergence

Spectrum of Change: So Many Choices!

Organization

Future

Past

(Known)

(Unknown)

Status Quo


Why is learning and sharing information so important

Why is Learning and Sharing Information So Important?

“The first reason is that, in our globalized world, the well-being of nations is increasingly being defined by the ability to develop and advance knowledge. In other words, knowledge – as opposed to military might or GDP – is gaining momentum as the new currency and passport to success.”

His Excellency,

The Right Honourable David Johnston,

Governor General

and Commander-in-Chief of Canada

Source: “The Diplomacy of Knowledge,”

The Globe & Mail, 17 February 2012.


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

Resistance to Change

“Deep Structures: “[C]hange is actively prevented … by the set of fundamental ‘choices’ the institution will [consider] taking about: (1) how its units will be organized … and (2) the basic activity patterns that will maintain its existence.”

Source: Connie Gersick, “Revolutionary Change Theories: A Multilevel Explorations of the Punctuated Equilibrium Theory,” in Burke, et al., Organization Change: A Comprehensive Reader, (Jossey-Bass, 2009), pp. 144-149.


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

Organizational Choices

‘Emotional’

Leadership

‘Visionary’

Leadership

Radical

Moderate

Moderate

Radical

Scale

Of

Change

Scale

Of

Change

Progression

To Transformation

Reversion

To Tradition

Emergence

Maintenance

Emergence

Reform

Conform

New Form

Spectrum of Change: Which Risk Matters?

Organization

Future

Past

(Known)

(Unknown)

RISK?

RISK?

RISK?

Status Quo

“Deep Structures’’

Evolutionary

Periods

Revolutionary

Periods

Equilibrium

Periods

Instability

Instability


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

The Three Functional Roles of ‘Maritime Security Forces’

Law Enforcement Doctrine

Foreign Relations Doctrine

Military Support/Lead when asked

Diplomatic Role

Constabulary Role

Military sometimes Lead/Support when situation stabilized

Use of

the Sea

Military Role

Lead

Alliance, Joint and Service Doctrines

Ken Booth’s Triangle - Navies and Foreign Policies, 1977, 15-16.


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

The Three Roles of ‘Maritime Security Forces’

Ken Booth’s Triangle – Adapted for the ‘New Security Environment’.

Order

Diplomatic Role

Reputation

Enforcement

Constabulary Role

Response

Compassion

Respect

Military Role

Security

Source: Hansen, “A New Naval Doctrine for the New Security Era,” forthcoming.


Dalhousie cjsoe maritime security conference setting the scene presentation 5 june 2012

Culture

?

?

?

An Interoperability Governance & Terminology Framework?

National/Suprant’l

Institution

Dept

Cmtte

Dept

Institutional

Level of Directing Authority

Panel

Manager

Tactical

Collaborate

Conglomerate

Conflict

Coexist

Coordinate

Cooperate

Degree of Interoperability


Three keys to msca

Three ‘Keys’ to MSCA

  • Key to efficient security assessment is awareness.

  • Key to accurate analysis is understanding and application of concepts.

  • Key to effectiveness is accuracy and timeliness of data.

The required perspective for these three ‘keys’ will probably NOT come from your own professional frame of reference.


Recommended reference

Recommended Reference

Integrated Maritime Enforcement: A Handbook (PDF)

Francois N. Bailet, Fred W. Crickard, and Glen J. Herbert

Dalhousie University: Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, 2000

  • Principles of Integrated Maritime Enforcement

  • A Prescriptive Analysis of Integrated Maritime Enforcement

Source: http://centreforforeignpolicystudies.dal.ca/pubs.php#notavailable


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