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20.1 Notes Civil War and Revolution Charles I and Parliament PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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20.1 Notes Civil War and Revolution Charles I and Parliament 1. Charles I, son of James I, believed in the divine rights of kings 2. Parliament forces Charles I to sign the Petition of Rights i.No taxes w/o consent of Parliament ii. No martial law

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20.1 Notes Civil War and Revolution Charles I and Parliament

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20 1 notes civil war and revolution charles i and parliament

20.1 Notes

Civil War and Revolution

Charles I and Parliament

1. Charles I, son of James I, believed in the divine rights of kings

2. Parliament forces Charles I to sign the Petition of Rights

i.No taxes w/o consent of Parliament

ii. No martial law

iii. No boarding of soldiers in peacetime

iv. No imprisonment w/o just cause

3. Charles dismissed Parliament for 11 yrs., imprisoned objectors of his tax collecting ways.

4. Puritans opposed Charles I b/c they believed he was too Catholic.

5. Charles tried to force Scottish churches to follow Anglican practices.

6. Charles called Parliament into session to collect taxes to defeat the Scots.


20 1 notes civil war and revolution charles i and parliament

II. The Long Parliament

1. Ended the kings power to dissolve Parliament

2. Parliament must meet once every three yrs.

3. Public support shifted when Parliament tried to make changes to the Anglican Church.

4. Irish Rebellion- Parliament run army vs. king controlled army.

5. Civil War began.


20 1 notes civil war and revolution charles i and parliament

III. English Civil War

  • Cavaliers vs. Roundheads

    i. Oliver Cromwell- New Model Army

    ii. Defeated Charles I and he fled to Scotland

    iii. Scottish returned him and he was beheaded, his

    son, Charles II, fled to France

    iv. Rump Parliament- Cromwell’s parliament

    a. Abolished the monarchy and House of Lords

    b. Tried to establish a commonwealth, a republic.


20 1 notes civil war and revolution charles i and parliament

IV. Cromwell’s Commonwealth

  • Republic failed and Cromwell was forced to rule as a military dictator.

    2. Twice he unsuccessfully tried to establish a constitution.


20 1 notes civil war and revolution charles i and parliament

V. End of Revolution

1. After the failing republic, the English population agreed to restore the monarchy- Charles II.


Causes of the english civil war

Causes of the English Civil War

Conflict between royalty and Parliament

Irish Rebellion

English Civil War

Efforts of Long Parliament to limit the monarchy’s power

Population rejected radical Puritan’s attempt to change the church


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