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IWMP Watersheds To be Implemented Under the New Common Guidelines, 2008

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IWMP Watersheds To be Implemented Under the New Common Guidelines, 2008 . Evolution of Watershed Guidelines . Prof. C.H. Hanumanth Rao Committee Guidelines 1995 Participatory & Integrated approach (1995-96 to 2001-02).

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IWMP Watersheds

To be

Implemented Under the

New Common Guidelines, 2008


Evolution of Watershed Guidelines

  • Prof. C.H. Hanumanth Rao Committee Guidelines 1995 Participatory & Integrated approach (1995-96 to 2001-02).
  • Revised Guidelines 2001 Revised Cost norms 2002-2003.
  • Hariyali Guidelines 2003 Implementation through GPs 2003-04 to 2007-08.
  • Common Guidelines 2008 (Cluster Approach, Revised Cost Norms 1-4-2008)

Key Features of New Common Guidelines 2008

  • Delegating powers to States.
  • Dedicated institutions Professional teams at CLNA/SLNA/DWDU (DWMA)
  • Financial Assistance to Dedicated Institutions.
  • Duration of the Project 4-7 Years Preparatory phase, works phase & Consolidation phase.
  • Provision for foreclosure of the Projects.

Key Feature (contd..)

  • Livelihood Orientation Focus on NRM Based Livelihoods.
  • Cluster Approach Geo-hydrological unit of 1000 to 5000 ha Cluster of Micro Watersheds.
  • Scientific Planning. IT & Remote sensing inputs in planning.
  • Focus on Capacity Building.
  • Come into effect from 1st April, 2008.
  • Single programme IWMP.

Institutional Arrangements





4 subject specialists

& support staff




one subject specialist

& support staff


Line Dept./ Autonomous Body / NGO /PRIs

Watershed Committee


SHGs & UGs


NRAA to provide support in

  • Process of preparation of strategic plans.
  • Preparation of State specific Technical Manuals.
  • Identification of Resource Organizations and establishing CB arrangements.
  • Action Researches.
  • Conducting studies, evaluation and impact assessment.
  • Convergence of different schemes.
  • Effective Co-ordination.
  • Organizing workshops & conferences for information sharing.
  • Technical knowledge inputs.

CLNA - Roles

  • Budget allocation among states & ensure smooth flow of funds.
  • Support CB programmes.
  • Initiate IEC with modern IT inputs.
  • Close monitoring through online systems.
  • Evaluation studies, impact assessment.
  • National / Regional workshops & seminars.
  • Funding for CLNA from the respective departments.

National Level Data Center

  • To extend, store and generate watershed & Land Resource data
  • To collate summary data for the entire country
  • Will be equipped with various GIS thematic layers & master data for integrated layers
  • Will be able to support the district level planning & monitoring

State Level Nodal Agency

  • Can be a Dept/Mission/Society/Authority.
  • Central assistance will come directly to the account of SLNA.
  • Will sign an MOU with CLNA.
  • Will have a full time CEO (Govt Officer on deputation or Professionals taken on contract)
  • Will have representatives from NRAA,CLNA, NABARD and from the State Line Depts.
  • Team of 4 to 7 Professionals (Subject Specialists) to be inducted into SLNA.

Main functions of SLNA

  • Prepare a Perspective and Strategic Plan for the state.
  • Establish and maintain the SDC.
  • Provide technical support to the DWDUs.
  • Approve list of independent CB institutions.
  • Approve PIAs identified by the DWDUs.
  • Ensure regular and qauality on-line monitoring.
  • Constitute panel of independent evaluators.
  • Prepare State specific Process Guidelines.

DWDU ( DWMA) and its functions

  • Separate unit with fulltime Project Manger and 3 to 4 subject matter specialists.
  • Identify PIAs – Identify Watershed Clusters.
  • Facilitate preparation of perspective plans and Annual Plans.
  • Provide technical support to PIAs.
  • Develop Action Plans for CB.
  • Ensure smooth flow of funds.
  • Close monitoring of the implementation processes.
  • Facilitate convergence with other programmes.
  • Establish and maintain DLDC.

Role of PRIs

  • District Planning Committee will approve the perspective and Annual Action Plans.
  • DPC will integrate the Watershed Development Plans with overall District Plans and oversee its implementation.
  • ZP will govern the matters relating to the co-ordination of various sectoral schemes with Watershed Development Projects.



Role of PRIs (Contd…)

  • ZP will review the progress of implementation.
  • Intermediate Panchayats Provide support to PIAs and GPs /WS Committees in technical guidance with their subject Matter Specialists.
  • GPs will supervise, support and advise Watershed Committees. .



Role of PRIs (Contd…)

  • Authenticate the accounts / expenditure statements.
  • Maintain Assets register.
  • Allocate usufruct rights to UGs / SHGs over the assets created.

Watershed Committee (WC)

  • Grama Sabha will constitute WC.
  • WC to be registered under the SR Act, 1860.
  • Grama Sabha to elect / appoint chairperson of WC.
  • WC to have independent rented office.
  • Secretary of the WC will be a paid functionary.
  • WC shall constitute SHGs & UGs.
  • Bank Account to be opened for WC.

Project Period & Phasing

  • 4 to 7 years depending on the need.
  • Preparatory phase 1-2 years.
  • Watershed works phase 2-3 years.
  • Consolidation & withdrawal phase 1-2 years
  • Provision for fore closure.

Allocation of Funds

  • Unit cost raised to Rs.12000/ha.
  • Releases by GoI in three installments
    • 20% along with sanction of project.
    • 50% after completion of the preparatory phase and 60 expenditure of 1st installment.
    • 30% for the consolidation phase after 75% of the total released funds are spent.

Budget Component

Admin. cost 10%

Monitoring 1%

Evaluation 1%

Preparatory Phase

EPA 4%

Institution & Capacity Building 5%

DPR preparation 1%

Watershed Works Phase

WS works 50%

LH for asset less poor 10%

PE & EP 13%

Consolidation Phase 5%

Total 100%


Approval & Sanction of Projects

  • DWDUs (DWMAs) to submit detailed Annual Action Plans by December to the SLNA.
  • State will scrutiny and submit the Action Plans by February to the CLNA at GoI level indicating ongoing liabilities and new projects.
  • CLNA will allocate funds to the States.
  • SLNA will sanction projects to the Districts.
  • CLNA (MoRD) releases funds directly to districts based on the sanctions given by SLNA

State Perspective Strategy Plan (Contd…)

  • Proposed in SPSP for next 18 years.

Prioritization Process for selection of IWMP WS

  • GoI indicated tentative allocation of 4.40 lakh ha.
  • Proposed to take up one IWMP watershed in each of 110 DDP/DPAP blocks of 12 districts in 2009-10.
  • In each DDP / DPAP blocks mandals were prioritized based on the criteria of GoI.
  • PDs got these prioritized lists approved by the DRCs with few modifications.



Prioritization Process for selection of IWMP WS (contd….)

  • In the mandal prioritized (and approved by DRC) in each of the DDP/DPAP blocks, hydro geological units of 4000-5000 ha were delineated.
  • The maps of these delineated clusters (IWMP Watersheds) were sent to PDs for incorporating
        • GP Boundaries.
        • Forest Areas.
        • Areas already covered under watersheds.
  • Certain basic data of the villages falling in these IWMP watersheds was obtained from PDs for PPRs.

Preliminary Project Report

Contained the details of

  • Agro climatic conditions.
  • Land use pattern with areas.
  • Soil types, Topography, Rainfall, Major Crops.
  • Flood and Drought Occurrence.
  • Soil erosion detail, Runoff intensity.
  • Summary of present livelihoods and possible interventions.
  • Wage employment status & Migration status.
  • Ground water status; Drinking water availability & quality.
  • Major crops & their Productivity & Expected Post Project Productivity.

IWMP watersheds sanctioned for 2009-10

  • 110 IWMP Watersheds covering a total area of 4.73 lakh ha were sanctioned by GoI.
  • The funds towards the part of 1st installment are released to the DWMAs.
  • DPRs need to be got prepared by end of January, 2010 to get the balance release of 1st installment.


  • It was decided to designate the MPPs (MPDOs) as PIAs.
  • Project Directors were informed accordingly & requested to appoint MPDOs as PIAs.

Detailed Project Report

  • Guidelines & Module for DPR preparation are developed.
  • For each IWMP Watersheds, one senior & experienced TA will be allotted to be with the planning team.
  • 110 senior TAs are identified & they will be trained from 2nd to 7th December.
  • Consortium meeting is being convened on 1st December, 2009 to seek their help.
  • One day orientation is being planned for PDs and APDs of the 12 DDP/DPAP district.



Detailed Project Report (Contd….)

  • Members of ROs will be trained in 2nd week of December.
  • Planning process will start in 3rd week of December, and will be completed by 15th of February, 2010.
  • DPRs will be prepared village wise with UG wise sub plans and consolidated for each IWMP clusters.
  • Each village may take 8-10 days and each cluster of 6 villages (average) may take 48-60 days.
broad contents of dprs
    • Ground water status
    • Irrigation facilities
    • Status of water table
    • Quality and availability of drinking water.
    • Water budget.
    • Details of livelihoods.
  • Problem Typology of the watershed
  • Planning Process
  • Action Plan for NRM,CB,PE&EP
  • Maps- Cadastral maps &Thematic Maps
  • Institutional Arrangements
  • Expected Outcome
  • Introduction of micro watershed/village
  • Base line Data-
    • Demographic features
    • Livestock details
    • BPL status
    • Operational Holdings
    • Migration particulars
    • Details of Community Based Organization
    • Land features
    • Details of CPR
    • Crops & Cropping patters
    • Soil classification & Erosion status
    • Climate & Hydrological features


  • The maps prepared for PPRs need to be revisited to make corrections where needed.
  • Village boundaries & micro watershed boundaries need to be superimposed on them.
  • These tasks will be completed in CRD Office by the GIS Cell.



Maps (Contd….)

  • Thematic maps with following theme will be got prepared by APSARC or NRSA.
    • Soil Resources.
    • Land capability & Irrigabiity.
    • Erosion status & Extent of soil loss.
    • Geology and structure.
    • Ground water potential zones.
    • Slopes.
    • Land use / land cover & NIDVI analysis.
    • Long term rainfall analysis for rainfall Erosovity determination.
    • Cadastral details superimposed on thematic maps.