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Disaster management in India. Anand Patwardhan IIT-Bombay. Why?. Climate change is likely to be perceived through experience of extreme weather events Therefore, response to climate change will perhaps happen through adaptation to climate hazards

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disaster management in india

Disaster management in India

Anand Patwardhan

IIT-Bombay

slide2
Why?
  • Climate change is likely to be perceived through experience of extreme weather events
  • Therefore, response to climate change will perhaps happen through adaptation to climate hazards
  • Important to characterize the institutional mechanisms and structures in place for responding to natural (and climate-related) disasters

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

average annual impacts from natural hazards
Average annual impacts from natural hazards
  • Mortality: 3600
  • Crop area: 1.42 million hectares
  • Property (houses): 2.36 million dwellings

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

exposure to natural hazards
Exposure to natural hazards
  • 40 million hectares flood prone (5% of area)
  • 54% area exposed to seismic activity
  • East coast of India and Gujarat (West coast) exposed to cyclone risk
  • A preliminary assessment of exposure to major hazard categories has been done in 1996-1998 (as a part of IDNDR) by the Building Materials Technology Promotion Council of the Ministry of Urban Development. Check: http://www.bmtpc.org/disaster.htm
  • Trying to put this information in a GIS format

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

disaster management
Disaster management
  • Climate hazards within overall context of disaster management
  • Statutory responsibility of state governments
  • Central government provides logistic and financial support
  • Elaborate response mechanism at national level
  • State level responses vary
  • National coordinating body: National Disaster Management Cell (NDMC), Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Ministry of Agriculture (http://www.ndmindia.nic.in/)

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

slide9

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA : NODAL MINISTRIES / DEPARTMENT FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT

DISASTERS NODAL MINISTRIES

Natural Disasters Agriculture Air Accidents Civil AviationCivil Strife Home AffairsRailway Accidents RailwaysChemical Disasters EnvironmentBiological Disasters Health & family WelfareNuclear Accident Atomic Energy

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

national response mechanism
National response mechanism

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

management mechanism
MANAGEMENT MECHANISM

* Integrated Administrative Machinery* National Contingency Action Plan - identify initiatives by various agencies* Department of Agriculture & Cooperation - the Nodal Department* Central Relief Commissioner - Chief Nodal Officer at National level* State/District Contingency Plans and Relief Manuals

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

natural disaster response government of india
Natural Disaster Response-Government of India
  • National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC) under Cabinet Secretary
  • Crisis Management Group(CMG) under Central Relief Commissioner
  • Group of Ministers, Group of Secretaries and High Level Committees-Need base

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

goi departments for disaster response
GOI Departments for Disaster Response
  • Armed Forces-Ministry of Defence
  • Central Para Military Forces- Ministry of Home Affairs
  • International Response- Ministry of External Affairs

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

goi departments for disaster response1
GOI Departments for Disaster Response
  • Ministries/Departments:

Rural Development, Drinking Water Supply Power, Telecom , Health, Urban Development

Food & Public Distribution, Shipping

Surface Transport, Railways, Civil Aviation

Women & Child Development

Water Resources, Animal Husbandry

India Meteorological Department(IMD)

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

disaster management policy salient features
DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY- SALIENT FEATURES

* Recognition of linkages between natural

disasters and development

* Connecting of specific programmes like DPAP, DDP, NWDPRA and Wasteland Development Programme for managing natural disasters

* Emphasis on forecasting and warning using

advanced technology

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

central sector scheme for disaster management salient features
CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEME FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT - SALIENT FEATURES

* Human resource Development

* Setting up of National Centre for Disaster Management (NCDM)

* Setting up of Disaster Management Faculties in States

* Programmes for Community Participation and Public Awareness

* Observing National Disaster Reduction Day

* Activities to achieve the goals and objectives of IDNDR/ISDR

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

external assistance policy
External Assistance -Policy
  • No formal appeal for external assistance made for relief
  • External assistance,if offered as solidarity accepted with gratitude
  • Gujarat earthquake- international response overwhelming
  • Bi-lateral agreements suggested by some countries for emergency response

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

disaster response arrangements in the states
DISASTER RESPONSE ARRANGEMENTS IN THE STATES
  • STATE CABINET
  • STATES CRISIS MANAGEMENT GROUP: HEADED BY CHIEF SECRETARY.
  • INSTITUTION OF RELIEF COMMISSIONERS IN STATES
  • STATES/DISTRICTS CONTINGENCY PLAN S / RELIEF CODES.

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

example ap cyclone hazard mitigation project outcomes
Example: AP cyclone hazard mitigation project outcomes
  • Hazard mitigation studies (international consultants)
  • IMD early warning capacity through Doppler radar
  • Infrastructure creation and restoration
    • Floods – drains & embankments
    • Road restoration
    • Storm shelters
    • Electricity transmission and distribution
  • What about system / process capabilities?

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

observations
Observations
  • Recognition of linkage between natural hazards and development
  • Connecting developmental programs (DPAP, NWDB) to disaster management
  • Forecasting and warning (technology use)
  • Contingency planning
    • Foodgrain availability
    • Preparedness
  • Adaptive capacity by creating a management system
  • However, focus still on relief; recovery and adaptive capacity not thought through

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

underlying questions
Underlying questions
  • How can we evaluate the portfolio of disaster management projects to:
    • Assess implications of climate change for project benefits?
    • Assess implications of project for reducing vulnerability to climate change?
  • Related question:
    • How can we incrementally adjust project design or implementation to enhance climate change related benefits?

Anand Patwardhan, IIT-Bombay

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