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Pronoun Usage. Test over subject/verb agreement and pronoun usage on Thursday. Pronoun Usage. Rule: Use nominative case pronouns for subjects and predicate nominatives . These are the nominative case pronouns: SINGULAR I you he she it PLURAL we you they.

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pronoun usage1
Pronoun Usage
  • Rule: Use nominative case pronouns for subjects and predicate nominatives.
  • These are the nominative case pronouns:
  • SINGULAR I you he she it
  • PLURAL we you they
practice
Practice
  • 1 2
  • 1. Matt and (he, him) are taking trumpet lessons.
  • Matt is taking trumpet lessons.
  • He is taking trumpet lessons.
  • 1 2
  • 2. Susan and (she, her) were living in New York City.
  • Susan was living in New York City.
  • She was living in New York City.
  • 3. (She, Her) and (I, me) will be moving soon.
  • 4. (He, Him) and (I, me) are going.
nominative case pronouns used as predicate pronouns
 Nominative Case Pronouns Used as Predicate Pronouns:
  • Notice that the predicate pronouns point out the person or persons being discussed.
  • 1. That was (she, her) on the phone. (_______ was the one on the phone.)
  • 2. The winner must have been (he, him). (___ must have been the winner.)
  • 3. The award winners were Tracy and (they, them). 
  • (Leave out Tracy and . (________ were the award winners.)
  • 4. The members not voting will be Paul and (she, her). 
  • (Leave out Paul and. (______ will be the member not voting.)
  • 5. Was it (he, him) who called last night? 
  • (_____ was it who called last night.)
  • 6. That’s (she, her) over there. (______ is [the one] over there.) 
  • 7. It’s (we, us) who will decide. 
  • (Change the verb to plural are. _____ are [the ones] who will decide.)
nominative case pronouns used with appositives
Nominative Case Pronouns Used with Appositives
  • Sometimes, we or us comes before the name of a group. To determine the correct pronoun, read the sentence omitting the name of the group.
  • 1. (We, Us) sophomores will hold a fund-raising drive.
  • name of group
  • 2. This sentence has a nominative case pronoun used as a
  • predicate pronoun. Remember to read the sentence backwards without the name of the group.
  • The highest scorers in basketball were (we, us) girls.
  • group
  • (_______ were the highest scorers in basketball.)
slide7

Rule: Use objective case pronouns for direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions.

  • These are the objective case pronouns:
  • me you him her it us them
  • When you have two objects, try each object by itself to determine the correct pronoun.
direct objects
Direct Objects
  • 1 2
  • 1. Carlos wants Todd and (they, them) to visit.
  • 1 2
  • 2. Show Dad and (she, her) through the house.
  • 1 2
  • 3. Did you see Joel and (she, her) last night?
  • 1 2
  • 4. I thought I saw (he, him) and (she, her) yesterday.
indirect objects
Indirect Objects
  • 1 2
  • 1. Show Jessica and (we, us) the new schedule.
  • 1 2
  • 2. Carl gave Lisa and (she, her) a program for the play.
  • 1 2
  • 3. Gwen showed Mrs. Franklin and (I, me) a magic trick.
objects of the preposition
Objects of the Preposition
  • 1 2
  • 1. The neighbors dog always barks at Linda and (he, him).
  • 1 2
  • 2. Keep the secret BETWEEN you and (I, me).
  • 1 2
  • 3. Everyone wanted to go except Shannon and (she, her).
rule use the possessive case of pronouns to show ownership or to show possession before a gerund
Rule: Use the possessive case of pronouns to show ownership or to show possession before a gerund.
  • These are the possessive case pronouns:
  • my, mine your, yours
  • his her, hers
  • its our, ours
  • their, theirs
  • Notice there are NO apostrophes on the above words.
slide12

Possessive Case Before a Gerund

  • A gerund always ends in –ing, and it is the name of an activity.
  • Someone owns the activity, so choose the pronoun that shows ownership.
  • 1. Everyone likes (him, his) singing.
  • 2. The doctor is proud of (me, my) dieting and exercising.
  • 3. Ralph was pleased with (us, our) cleaning up the block.
  • 4. Let’s get together to stop (them, their) polluting our lake.
possessive case to show ownership
Possessive Case to Show Ownership
  • 1. (Their, They’re) car has been repainted.
  • 2. This clue contains a hint about (its, it’s) solution.
  • 3. (Your, You’re) sister called and left a message.
  • 4. Are these papers (theirs, their’s, there’s)?
  • 5. No, the papers are (hers, her’s).
  • 6. The books on the desk are (their’s, theirs, there’s).
  • 7. The largest donation was (ours, our’s).
pronouns after than or as
Pronouns after THANor AS
  • In an elliptical adverb clause introduced by than or as, choose the case of the pronoun you would use if the missing words were present.
  • Examples:
  • A. Karen scored more points than (he, him).
  • Karen scored more points thanhe scored.
  • B. The team appreciated Karen as much as (she, her).
  • The team appreciated Karen as much asthe team appreciated her
practice sentences
Practice sentences:
  • 1. Dogs have better senses of smell than (we, us).
  • 2. You can draw much better than (I, me).
  • 3. The concert was enjoyed more by Jennifer than (he, him).
  • 4. I learned to walk earlier than (she, her).
  • 5. Did the special assembly interest you as much as (I, me)?
  • 6. Daryl is better at balancing chemical equations than (she, her).
  • 7. The stories of Dr. Seuss delight my sister as much as (they, them).
  • 8. The thought of shaking the governor’s hand
  • excited Anna as much as (I, me).
pronoun and antecedent agreement
Pronoun and Antecedent Agreement
  • Rule: A pronoun and its antecedent must agree in number.
  • The word or the word group that a pronoun stands for is called the antecedent.
  • A singular antecedent requires a singular verb.
  • A plural antecedent requires a plural verb.
practice1
Practice
  • 1. Either Claude or Bart will sell us (his, their) drums.
  • 2. Neither Sam nor Bill has seen (his, their) counselor.
  • 3. Every member must turn in (his, their) consent form.
  • 4. Each of the teachers has earned (his or her, their) advanced degree.
  • 5. Is Mary or Freida going to present (her, their) project?
  • 6. Neither of the principals attended (his, their) conference.
  • 7. One of the girls has left (her, their) purse.
  • 8. Everyone should bring (his or her, their) books.
  • 9. Either of the students could sing (his or her, their) song in the play.
  • 10. Everyone in the women’s conference will be given (her, their) room assignment.
practice2
Practice
  • NONE SOME ANY ALL MOST
  • 11. None of the students have turned in (his or her, their) permission slips.
  • 12. None of the sugar has spilled from (its, their) container.
  • 13. Some of the cars will need (its, their) bumpers replaced.
  • 14. Some of the milk has overflowed (its, their) carton.
using who whoever and whom whomever
Using Who / Whoever and Whom / Whomever
  • Use substitution to help determine which pronoun to use:
  • Substitute HE in place of WHO / WHOEVER.
  • Substitute HIM in place of WHOM / WHOMEVER.
in questions
IN QUESTIONS
  • (He, Him)
  • 1. (Who, Whom) will drive me to school?
  • (He, Him)
  • 2. (Who, Whom) did you invite? You did invite (Who, Whom)?
  • (He, Him)
  • 4. (Who, Whom) announced the winners?
  • 5. For (who, whom) is this package intended?
  • 6. (Who, Whom) did you choose as your lab partner?
  • 7. (Who, Whom) are you going with?
  • 8. (Who, Whom) should be the recipient of the prize?
  • 9. (Who, Whom) did you ask to the dance?
in adjective or noun clauses
IN ADJECTIVE or NOUN CLAUSES
  • (he, him)
  • 10. He is the man (who, whom) fixed the roof
  • (he, him)
  • 11. A woman (who, whom) we met in Maine is going to visit us soon.
  • (he, him)
  • 12. This is Mrs. Brooks, with (who, whom) I work.
  • (he, him)
  • 13. Show your pass to (whoever, whomever) stops you.
  • (he, him)
  • 14. I don’t know (who, whom) my counselor is.
  • (he, him)
  • 15. Take (whoever, whomever) you want to the party.
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