Pronoun usage
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Pronoun Usage. Test over subject/verb agreement and pronoun usage on Thursday. Pronoun Usage. Rule: Use nominative case pronouns for subjects and predicate nominatives . These are the nominative case pronouns: SINGULARI you he she it PLURALwe you they.

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Pronoun Usage

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Pronoun usage

Pronoun Usage


Pronoun usage

  • Test over subject/verb agreement and pronoun usage on Thursday


Pronoun usage1

Pronoun Usage

  • Rule: Use nominative case pronouns for subjects and predicate nominatives.

  • These are the nominative case pronouns:

  • SINGULARI you he she it

  • PLURALwe you they


Practice

Practice

  • 1 2

  • 1. Matt and (he, him) are taking trumpet lessons.

  • Matt is taking trumpet lessons.

  • He is taking trumpet lessons.

  • 1 2

  • 2.Susan and (she, her) were living in New York City.

  • Susan was living in New York City.

  • She was living in New York City.

  • 3.(She, Her) and (I, me) will be moving soon.

  • 4. (He, Him) and (I, me) are going.


Nominative case pronouns used as predicate pronouns

 Nominative Case Pronouns Used as Predicate Pronouns:

  • Notice that the predicate pronouns point out the person or persons being discussed.

  • 1. That was (she, her) on the phone.(_______ was the one on the phone.)

  • 2. The winner must have been (he, him). (___ must have been the winner.)

  • 3. The award winners were Tracy and (they, them).

  • (Leave out Tracy and . (________ were the award winners.)

  • 4. The members not voting will be Paul and (she, her).

  • (Leave out Paul and.(______ will be the member not voting.)

  • 5. Was it (he, him) who called last night?

  • (_____ was it who called last night.)

  • 6. That’s (she, her) over there.(______ is [the one] over there.)

  • 7. It’s (we, us) who will decide. 

  • (Change the verb to plural are. _____ are [the ones] who will decide.)


Nominative case pronouns used with appositives

Nominative Case Pronouns Used with Appositives

  • Sometimes, we or us comes before the name of a group. To determine the correct pronoun, read the sentence omitting the name of the group.

  • 1.(We, Us) sophomores will hold a fund-raising drive.

  • name of group

  • 2.This sentence has a nominative case pronoun used as a

  • predicate pronoun. Remember to read the sentence backwards without the name of the group.

  • The highest scorers in basketball were (we, us) girls.

  • group

  • (_______ were the highest scorers in basketball.)


Pronoun usage

  • Rule:Use objective case pronouns for direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions.

  • These are the objective case pronouns:

  • me you him her it us them

  • When you have two objects, try each object by itself to determine the correct pronoun.


Direct objects

Direct Objects

  • 1 2

  • 1. Carlos wants Todd and (they, them) to visit.

  • 1 2

  • 2. Show Dad and (she, her) through the house.

  • 1 2

  • 3. Did you see Joel and (she, her) last night?

  • 1 2

  • 4. I thought I saw (he, him) and (she, her) yesterday.


Indirect objects

Indirect Objects

  • 1 2

  • 1. Show Jessica and (we, us) the new schedule.

  • 1 2

  • 2. Carl gave Lisa and (she, her) a program for the play.

  • 1 2

  • 3. Gwen showed Mrs. Franklin and (I, me) a magic trick.


Objects of the preposition

Objects of the Preposition

  • 1 2

  • 1. The neighbors dog always barks at Linda and (he, him).

  • 1 2

  • 2. Keep the secret BETWEEN you and (I, me).

  • 1 2

  • 3. Everyone wanted to go except Shannon and (she, her).


Rule use the possessive case of pronouns to show ownership or to show possession before a gerund

Rule:Use the possessive case of pronouns to show ownership or to show possession before a gerund.

  • These are the possessive case pronouns:

  • my, mineyour, yours

  • hisher, hers

  • itsour, ours

  • their, theirs

  • Notice there are NO apostrophes on the above words.


Pronoun usage

  • Possessive Case Before a Gerund

  • A gerund always ends in –ing, and it is the name of an activity.

  • Someone owns the activity, so choose the pronoun that shows ownership.

  • 1.Everyone likes (him, his) singing.

  • 2. The doctor is proud of (me, my) dieting and exercising.

  • 3. Ralph was pleased with (us, our) cleaning up the block.

  • 4. Let’s get together to stop (them, their) polluting our lake.


Possessive case to show ownership

Possessive Case to Show Ownership

  • 1. (Their, They’re) car has been repainted.

  • 2. This clue contains a hint about (its, it’s) solution.

  • 3. (Your, You’re) sister called and left a message.

  • 4. Are these papers (theirs, their’s, there’s)?

  • 5. No, the papers are (hers, her’s).

  • 6. The books on the desk are (their’s, theirs, there’s).

  • 7. The largest donation was (ours, our’s).


Pronouns after than or as

Pronouns after THANor AS

  • In an elliptical adverb clause introduced by than or as, choose the case of the pronoun you would use if the missing words were present.

  • Examples:

  • A. Karen scored more points than (he, him).

  • Karen scored more points thanhe scored.

  • B. The team appreciated Karen as much as (she, her).

  • The team appreciated Karen as much asthe team appreciated her


Practice sentences

Practice sentences:

  • 1. Dogs have better senses of smell than (we, us).

  • 2. You can draw much better than (I, me).

  • 3. The concert was enjoyed more by Jennifer than (he, him).

  • 4. I learned to walk earlier than (she, her).

  • 5. Did the special assembly interest you as much as (I, me)?

  • 6. Daryl is better at balancing chemical equations than (she, her).

  • 7. The stories of Dr. Seuss delight my sister as much as (they, them).

  • 8. The thought of shaking the governor’s hand

  • excited Anna as much as (I, me).


Pronoun and antecedent agreement

Pronoun and Antecedent Agreement

  • Rule: A pronoun and its antecedent must agree in number.

  • The word or the word group that a pronoun stands for is called the antecedent.

  • A singular antecedent requires a singular verb.

  • A plural antecedent requires a plural verb.


Practice1

Practice

  • 1. Either Claude or Bart will sell us (his, their) drums.

  • 2. Neither Sam nor Bill has seen (his, their) counselor.

  • 3. Every member must turn in (his, their) consent form.

  • 4. Each of the teachers has earned (his or her, their) advanced degree.

  • 5. Is Mary or Freida going to present (her, their) project?

  • 6. Neither of the principals attended (his, their) conference.

  • 7. One of the girls has left (her, their) purse.

  • 8. Everyone should bring (his or her, their) books.

  • 9. Either of the students could sing (his or her, their) song in the play.

  • 10. Everyone in the women’s conference will be given (her, their) room assignment.


Practice2

Practice

  • NONE SOME ANY ALL MOST

  • 11. None of the students have turned in (his or her, their) permission slips.

  • 12. None of the sugar has spilled from (its, their) container.

  • 13. Some of the cars will need (its, their) bumpers replaced.

  • 14. Some of the milk has overflowed (its, their) carton.


Using who whoever and whom whomever

Using Who / Whoever and Whom / Whomever

  • Use substitution to help determine which pronoun to use:

  • Substitute HE in place of WHO / WHOEVER.

  • Substitute HIM in place of WHOM / WHOMEVER.


In questions

IN QUESTIONS

  • (He, Him)

  • 1. (Who, Whom) will drive me to school?

  • (He, Him)

  • 2. (Who, Whom) did you invite? You did invite (Who, Whom)?

  • (He, Him)

  • 4. (Who, Whom) announced the winners?

  • 5. For (who, whom) is this package intended?

  • 6. (Who, Whom) did you choose as your lab partner?

  • 7. (Who, Whom) are you going with?

  • 8. (Who, Whom) should be the recipient of the prize?

  • 9. (Who, Whom) did you ask to the dance?


In adjective or noun clauses

IN ADJECTIVE or NOUN CLAUSES

  • (he, him)

  • 10. He is the man (who, whom) fixed the roof

  • (he, him)

  • 11. A woman (who, whom) we met in Maine is going to visit us soon.

  • (he, him)

  • 12. This is Mrs. Brooks, with (who, whom) I work.

  • (he, him)

  • 13. Show your pass to (whoever, whomever) stops you.

  • (he, him)

  • 14. I don’t know (who, whom) my counselor is.

  • (he, him)

  • 15. Take (whoever, whomever) you want to the party.


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