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The Basel Convention and its application to ship recycling. Ship Recycling Technology & Knowledge Transfer Workshop 14 – 16 July 2010, Izmir, Turkey. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. Adopted on 22 March 1989

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The Basel Convention and its application to ship recycling

Ship Recycling Technology & Knowledge Transfer Workshop

14 – 16 July 2010, Izmir, Turkey


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The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

  • Adopted on 22 March 1989

  • Entered into force on 5 May 1992

  • 172 Parties to the Convention as at June 2010, covering the five UN Regional Groups


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Main Goal of the Convention

To protect, by strict control, human health and the environment against the adverse effects resulting from the generation and management of hazardous wastes

and

other wastes


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Which means…

  • Strong controls have to be applied from the moment of generation of hazardous waste to its storage, transport, treatment, reuse, recycling, recovery and final disposal


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I.Environmentally sound management(ESM) of hazardous wastes and other wastes

ANDControl and Enforcement mechanisms (to deliver the above)

II.Regulation of transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes: “PIC procedure”

Pillars of the Convention


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On BC agenda since late 1990s

Noted need to improve standard of ship dismantling worldwide

Technical Guidelines on ship dismantling adopted in 2002

Basel and the ship recycling issue (1)


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Basel and the ship recycling issue (2)

Decision VII/26 (COP 7 in 2004):

“a ship may become waste as defined in Article 2 of the Basel Convention and at the same time may be defined as a ship under other international rules”


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Basel and the ship recycling issue (3)

  • IMO Assembly resolution in 2005: New legally-binding instrument on Ship Recycling

  • At COP 8 (2006) / COP 9 (2008):

    “Invites the IMO to ensure the draft ship recycling convention establishes an equivalent level of control as that established under the Basel Convention…”


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Basel and the ship recycling issue (4)

Parties to carry out a preliminary assessment on whether the Hong Kong Convention establishes an equivalent level of control and enforcement as that established under the Basel Convention after having developed the criteria necessary for such assessment

(Decision IX/30)


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Began in May 2010

Step one - development of criteria:

Taking into account:

The special characteristics of ships and international shipping;

The principles of the Basel Convention and the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties;

The comments submitted by Parties and other relevant stakeholders, as appropriate.

Assessment of Equivalency: The Process (1)


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Result - development of criteria in four broad categories:

Scope and applicability

Control

Enforcement

Exchange of information by Parties / cooperation and coordination

Assessment of Equivalency: The Process (2)


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Step two - preliminary assessment

Result - [comments] compiled

Next step - Parties and other relevant stakeholders to:

Review the criteria developed

Identify relevant articles, regulations and decisions in each Convention

Conduct their own preliminary assessments

Assessment of Equivalency: The Process (3)


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Assessment of Equivalency: The Process (4)

  • October 2011 - COP 10:assessments submitted “for consideration and action, as appropriate”


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Basel Convention Parties may or may not take action following completion of the equivalency process

No action: treaties co-exist

Action: theoretically - COP decision (further work, temporary or final clarification) or amendment to the Basel Convention?

Assessment of Equivalency: Potential Outcomes (1)


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Further considerations:

ships excluded from the Hong Kong Convention

Basel Convention Parties not Parties to the Hong Kong Convention

downstream disposal facilities and management of wastes in an environmentally sound manner

Technical Guidelines and Training Manuals on specific waste streams, treatment technologies, etc.

Assessment of Equivalency: Potential Outcomes (2)


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Enhance the implementation and enforcement of the Basel Convention

ESM of downstream waste management

As transposed into national legislation:

Waste management regulations

Hazardous waste regulations

Pakistan national legislation:

Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997

Hazardous Substance Rules

And?

Environmentally Sound Management under the Basel Convention


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WASTE GENERATOR

Regulatory Tools for Control

DEFINITION OR

CLASSIFICATION OF

1

WASTE

2

5

5

*

TRANSPORTATION

FACILITIES

Downstream waste management

Source: David C Wilson 1999

Elements for control


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I. Legal and institutional framework

Quantify the problem

Quantities of hazardous wastes generated or imported determined through a National Inventory of Hazardous waste

Determine waste policy / strategy

Strengthen / develop national legislation

Model national legislation

Checklist for the legislator

Steps to enhance implementation and enforcement of Basel (1)


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Institutional strengthening

training and awareness raising of those involved in the chain of control and enforcement

regulators, enforcement officers, etc.

Also include relevant stakeholders including waste generators, disposal workers including those handling and transporting waste, etc.

Systems for monitoring, action in case of breach

Traceability of waste management operations – from “generator”, to “transporter”, to “disposer”

Steps to enhance implementation and enforcement of Basel (2)


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II. Infrastructure development

According to needs e.g. incineration, landfill, etc.

Basel Convention technical guidelines for disposal operations and priority waste streams

How to develop?

External funding (donors), public private partnerships…

Steps to enhance implementation and enforcement of Basel (3)


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Thank you

Visit the Basel Convention’s Website:

www.basel.int/ships

Tel: [+41 22] 917 8331

Fax: [+41 22] 797 3454

Email: [email protected]

For further information


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