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The Basel Convention and its application to ship recycling. Ship Recycling Technology & Knowledge Transfer Workshop 14 – 16 July 2010, Izmir, Turkey. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. Adopted on 22 March 1989
Ship Recycling Technology & Knowledge Transfer Workshop
14 – 16 July 2010, Izmir, Turkey
The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
To protect, by strict control, human health and the environment against the adverse effects resulting from the generation and management of hazardous wastes
ANDControl and Enforcement mechanisms (to deliver the above)
II. Regulation of transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes: “PIC procedure”
Pillars of the Convention
Noted need to improve standard of ship dismantling worldwide
Technical Guidelines on ship dismantling adopted in 2002
Basel and the ship recycling issue (1)
Decision VII/26 (COP 7 in 2004):
“a ship may become waste as defined in Article 2 of the Basel Convention and at the same time may be defined as a ship under other international rules”
“Invites the IMO to ensure the draft ship recycling convention establishes an equivalent level of control as that established under the Basel Convention…”
Parties to carry out a preliminary assessment on whether the Hong Kong Convention establishes an equivalent level of control and enforcement as that established under the Basel Convention after having developed the criteria necessary for such assessment
Step one - development of criteria:
Taking into account:
The special characteristics of ships and international shipping;
The principles of the Basel Convention and the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties;
The comments submitted by Parties and other relevant stakeholders, as appropriate.
Assessment of Equivalency: The Process (1)
Scope and applicability
Exchange of information by Parties / cooperation and coordination
Assessment of Equivalency: The Process (2)
Result - [comments] compiled
Next step - Parties and other relevant stakeholders to:
Review the criteria developed
Identify relevant articles, regulations and decisions in each Convention
Conduct their own preliminary assessments
Assessment of Equivalency: The Process (3)
No action: treaties co-exist
Action: theoretically - COP decision (further work, temporary or final clarification) or amendment to the Basel Convention?
Assessment of Equivalency: Potential Outcomes (1)
ships excluded from the Hong Kong Convention
Basel Convention Parties not Parties to the Hong Kong Convention
downstream disposal facilities and management of wastes in an environmentally sound manner
Technical Guidelines and Training Manuals on specific waste streams, treatment technologies, etc.
Assessment of Equivalency: Potential Outcomes (2)
ESM of downstream waste management
As transposed into national legislation:
Waste management regulations
Hazardous waste regulations
Pakistan national legislation:
Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997
Hazardous Substance Rules
Environmentally Sound Management under the Basel Convention
Quantify the problem
Quantities of hazardous wastes generated or imported determined through a National Inventory of Hazardous waste
Determine waste policy / strategy
Strengthen / develop national legislation
Model national legislation
Checklist for the legislator
Steps to enhance implementation and enforcement of Basel (1)
training and awareness raising of those involved in the chain of control and enforcement
regulators, enforcement officers, etc.
Also include relevant stakeholders including waste generators, disposal workers including those handling and transporting waste, etc.
Systems for monitoring, action in case of breach
Traceability of waste management operations – from “generator”, to “transporter”, to “disposer”
Steps to enhance implementation and enforcement of Basel (2)
According to needs e.g. incineration, landfill, etc.
Basel Convention technical guidelines for disposal operations and priority waste streams
How to develop?
External funding (donors), public private partnerships…
Steps to enhance implementation and enforcement of Basel (3)