The effects of chivalry and group size on helping behavior
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 14

The Effects of Chivalry and Group Size on Helping Behavior PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Effects of Chivalry and Group Size on Helping Behavior. Jessica Heun Nathaniel Moore. Chivalry. A “cultural script prescribing the preferential treatment of women by men in the contexts of protection and provision” (Altermatt, 2001). Chivalry Findings.

Download Presentation

The Effects of Chivalry and Group Size on Helping Behavior

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The Effects of Chivalry and Group Size on Helping Behavior

Jessica Heun

Nathaniel Moore


Chivalry

  • A “cultural script prescribing the preferential treatment of women by men in the contexts of protection and provision” (Altermatt, 2001).


Chivalry Findings

  • More offers of assistance were found when a stranded driver was female (Simón, 1976).

  • Men are in general less aggressive and more helpful towards women than towards men (Eagly & Steffen, 1986; Eagly & Crowley, 1986).

  • Confusion arises when women perform chivalrous acts towards men (Ventimiglia, 1982).


Chivalry and Helping

  • Connecting factor of responsibility

  • Chivalry: cultivates responsibility to intervene in an emergency situation

  • Presence of others: counteracts that responsibility (diffusion)


Diffusion of Responsibility

  • As group size increases, the less likely or more slowly any one bystander will provide assistance.

  • Epileptic Seizure Study (Darley and Latane, 1969)


Our Hypothesis!!!

  • Low chivalry more influenced by group size

  • High chivalry more resistant to outside pressure


Step 1: Subject Variable

  • Sample Items:

    Chivalry Scale (α = .86)

    - A man has an obligation to protect a woman who is in danger (Altermatt, 2001).

    Attitude toward Women Scale (α = .77)

    - Women should worry less about their rights and more about becoming good wives and mothers (Spence, Helmreich, & Stapp, 1974).


Step 2: Manipulate Group Size

  • Cover Story – Sign up Sheets and Backpacks


Step 3: Measure Helping

  • Participant (N = 30 males) taken to room to complete questionnaire.

  • Recording of the accident is played (timing begins).

  • 3 minute window


Results


- Alone: situational pressure = help

- 3 others: situational pressure = don’t help

- 1 other: situation ambiguous = personality factors become more influential

- Greatest chivalry effect (difference = 1.823 minutes)

Interpretations


Future Research

  • Self-esteem research (chivalry contingency)

  • Agentic versus Virtuous women

  • Chivalry in women?

  • More than 3 minute window for helping


Questions?


Sound File

  • Sound played to participants over intercom


  • Login