the effects of chivalry and group size on helping behavior
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The Effects of Chivalry and Group Size on Helping Behavior. Jessica Heun Nathaniel Moore. Chivalry. A “cultural script prescribing the preferential treatment of women by men in the contexts of protection and provision” (Altermatt, 2001). Chivalry Findings.

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Presentation Transcript
chivalry
Chivalry
  • A “cultural script prescribing the preferential treatment of women by men in the contexts of protection and provision” (Altermatt, 2001).
chivalry findings
Chivalry Findings
  • More offers of assistance were found when a stranded driver was female (Simón, 1976).
  • Men are in general less aggressive and more helpful towards women than towards men (Eagly & Steffen, 1986; Eagly & Crowley, 1986).
  • Confusion arises when women perform chivalrous acts towards men (Ventimiglia, 1982).
chivalry and helping
Chivalry and Helping
  • Connecting factor of responsibility
  • Chivalry: cultivates responsibility to intervene in an emergency situation
  • Presence of others: counteracts that responsibility (diffusion)
diffusion of responsibility
Diffusion of Responsibility
  • As group size increases, the less likely or more slowly any one bystander will provide assistance.
  • Epileptic Seizure Study (Darley and Latane, 1969)
our hypothesis
Our Hypothesis!!!
  • Low chivalry more influenced by group size
  • High chivalry more resistant to outside pressure
step 1 subject variable
Step 1: Subject Variable
  • Sample Items:

Chivalry Scale (α = .86)

- A man has an obligation to protect a woman who is in danger (Altermatt, 2001).

Attitude toward Women Scale (α = .77)

- Women should worry less about their rights and more about becoming good wives and mothers (Spence, Helmreich, & Stapp, 1974).

step 2 manipulate group size
Step 2: Manipulate Group Size
  • Cover Story – Sign up Sheets and Backpacks
step 3 measure helping
Step 3: Measure Helping
  • Participant (N = 30 males) taken to room to complete questionnaire.
  • Recording of the accident is played (timing begins).
  • 3 minute window
interpretations
- Alone: situational pressure = help

- 3 others: situational pressure = don’t help

- 1 other: situation ambiguous = personality factors become more influential

- Greatest chivalry effect (difference = 1.823 minutes)

Interpretations
future research
Future Research
  • Self-esteem research (chivalry contingency)
  • Agentic versus Virtuous women
  • Chivalry in women?
  • More than 3 minute window for helping
sound file
Sound File
  • Sound played to participants over intercom
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