slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
History of Sweatshops in America

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 5

History of Sweatshops in America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 108 Views
  • Uploaded on

History of Sweatshops in America. 1820-Present. 1820–1880: The Seamstress Impoverished . Seamstresses were familiar figures in early 19th-century American cities, filling the needs of an expanding garment industry.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' History of Sweatshops in America' - leiko


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2

1820–1880: The Seamstress Impoverished

Seamstresses were familiar figures in early 19th-century American cities, filling the needs of an expanding garment industry.

Working at home, they stitched bundles of pre-cut fabric into clothing worn by Southern slaves, Western miners, and New England gentlemen.

Dressmakers were responsible for producing an entire garment and could earn a decent wage.

Seamstresses, however, were poorly compensated for work that was both physically demanding and unpredictable.

Paid by the piece, seamstresses worked 16 hours a day during the busiest seasons, but their income was barely enough to survive off of.

Making matters worse, shop owners were notorious for finding fault with the finished garments and withholding payment.

Seamstresses often relied on charity for their own and their families\' survival.

slide3

1880–1940: Tenement Sweatshops

In many cities, recent immigrants converted small apartments into contract shops that doubled as living quarters.

Fierce competition among contractors for work coupled with immigrants desperate need for employment kept wages low and working hours high.

As miserable as this work was, it provided many new immigrants a transition into American society and a more prosperous future for themselves and their families.

Some immigrants began working in small shops, eventually owning large clothing firms.

Others succumbed to disease, malnutrition, and exhaustion, and never found the path from tenement sweatshop to a better life.

slide4

1940-Present: The Resurgence of Sweatshops

  • Sweatshop production came out of hibernation in the late 1960s.
  • A combination of forces at home and abroad contributed to their reappearance:
    • changes in the retail industry
    • a growing global economy
    • increased reliance on contracting
    • a large pool of immigrant labor in the U.S.
  • The focus of public, government, and media concern remains centered on problems in the apparel industry, although, as in the past, sweatshops continue to be found in a variety of industries.
slide5

Sweatshops Today

In the United States, sweatshops produce garments for the domestic market, primarily items that require short delivery times.

These clothes are often indistinguishable from garments produced in legal shops and can be found in stores ranging from discount houses to fashionable boutiques.

Foreign sweatshops are harder to define.

Widely varying standards of pay and workers\' rights make it difficult to compare practices in the United States with other countries.

Demand for reform has lead to many initiatives from government, unions, public interest groups and the industry itself.

ad