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Energy Flow in the Biosphere, Chapter 3-1 & 3-2. http://www.geog.uni-heidelberg.de/~ttavk/weltkarten/globen/1997-1998-biosphere-Nasa.jpg. REMEMBER CELL BIO. INTEREST GRABBER- THINK BACK TO CHAPTER 7. ________ __________  ___________. MOLECULES. ORGANELLES. ATOMS.

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Energy Flow in the Biosphere, Chapter 3-1 & 3-2

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Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

Energy Flow in the Biosphere, Chapter 3-1 & 3-2

http://www.geog.uni-heidelberg.de/~ttavk/weltkarten/globen/1997-1998-biosphere-Nasa.jpg


Remember cell bio

REMEMBER CELL BIO


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

INTEREST GRABBER- THINK BACK TO CHAPTER 7

________ __________  ___________

MOLECULES

ORGANELLES

ATOMS

IMAGE SOURCES: see last slide


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

____________  ____________ 

CELLS

TISSUES

Similar cells working together

IMAGE SOURCES: see last slide


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

___________  __________ ___________

ORGAN SYSTEMS

ORGANS

ORGANISM

Different tissuesworking together

Different organsworking together

IMAGE SOURCES: see last slide


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

___________________________________

ORGANISMS

POPULATIONS

COMMUNITY

SAME SPECIESLIVING TOGETHER

IN AN AREA

Ex: “herd”

DIFFERENT

POPULATIONS

LIVING TOGETHER

IN AN AREA

BIOLOGY; Miller and Levine; Prentice Hall;2006


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

_______________________ _____________

ECOSYSTEMS

BIOMES

BIOSPHERE

All the organisms that

live in a place together

with their NON-living

environment

Group of ecosystems

that have same climate

and similar communities

The portion of the planet

in which all life exists

IMAGE SOURCES: see last slide


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

SPECIES

Organisms so similar to one another that they can breed and produce fertile offspring = _____________

http://suedafrika.net/bluegifs/twooryx.jpg


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

http://environnement.ecoles.free.fr/Site-chevaux/images/etalon_quarter_horse_genuine_redskin.jpg

http://www.caribbeanart.com/art/j-portrait-donkey.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mule

EX: Horse X donkey = mule

64 chromosomes

62 chromosomes

63 chromosomes

Horses and donkeys are different species.

If you breed them, the result is a mule

which can NOT have offspring!


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

The scientific study of interactions of organisms with each other and with their environment = ______________

The portion of the planet in which all life exists = _________________

(includes land, water, atmosphere)

ECOLOGY

BIOSPHERE

Extends from about

8 km above the Earth’s surface

to 11 km below the ocean’s surface

http://jaeger.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/Images/Topographic/Whole_Earth/Earth_100.jpg


What shapes an ecosystem

WHAT SHAPES AN ECOSYSTEM?

BIOTIC FACTORS

__________________

All the living things an

organism interacts with

__________________

All the non-living things that

affect an organism

Ex: climate, temperature, sunlight

soil, humidity, wind

ABIOTIC FACTORS

Images from: Pearson Education Inc; Publishing as Pearson Prentice Hall


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

HABITAT

__________________

= The area where an organism lives

A rattlesnake lives in a desert in the American Southwest

http://animals.timduru.org/dirlist/snake/animalwild089-RattleSnake-FaceCloseup.jpg

http://www.rvstogophx.com/images/arizona_desert_sm.jpg


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

NICHE

_____________

= place it lives PLUS the

_____________ & ______________

interactions it has in that place

NICHE includes: Where it lives PLUS . . .

What it eats? What eats it?

Where in the habitat it lives?In a tree, in a pond,underground

Its actions… hibernating, migrating, etcWhen & how it reproduces?

biotic

abiotic


Habitat vs niche

http://www.electricwomen.com/hunterspoint/images/21-street-sign-moreell.jpg

HABITAT vs NICHE?

Habitat is like an

organism’s ____________

Niche is like an

organism’s ______________

address

OCCUPATION

http://resmedicinae.sourceforge.net/logos/doctor.png

http://www.michcampgrounds.com/yogibears/yogi-picnic-cartoon.jpg

http://www.formaui.org/kamalii/critters.htm


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

NO TWO SPECIES CAN

SHARE THE SAME NICHE !

Competitive exclusion principle

= ______________________________

BIOLOGY; Miller and Levine; Prentice Hall; 2006


The earth is solar powered

The Earth is SOLAR POWERED!

ALL LIVING THINGS USE ENERGY

_____________ is the main source of energy for life on Earth.

SUNLIGHT

http://www.animation-station.com/smileys/index.php?page=17


Autotrophs producers can make their own food

AUTOTROPHS = PRODUCERSCan make their own food

ALL LIVING THINGS USE ENERGY

Most autotrophs use _______________

to capture solar energy

Main producers on land

= green plants

In water = algae

PHOTOSYNTHESIS

BIOLOGY; MIller and Levine; Prentice Hall; 2006


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

absence of light

Some autotrophs can make own food in the ____________________

They use energy stored in

________________ of

______________________to produce

carbohydrates = ___________________

Ex: Bacteria that

live in HOSTILE places

Like volcano vents, hot springs,

marshes

chemical bonds

INORGANIC MOLECULES

CHEMOSYNTHESIS

BIOLOGY; MIller and Levine; Prentice Hall; 2006


Heterotrophs get energy from consuming other organisms

CONSUMERS

HETEROTROPHS = ____________Get energy from consuming other organisms

http://www.epa.gov/region5/superfund/ecology/images/fishcartoon.gif


Heterotrophs consumers

HETEROTROPHS = CONSUMERS

HERBIVORES

________________ =

eat only plants

________________ =

eat only animals

________________ =

eat both plants & animals

CARNIVORES

OMNIVORES

http://gallery.hd.org/_exhibits/natural-science/_more2003/_more09/elephant-eating-greenery-in-Addo-Park-Eastern-Cape-South-Africa-2-WL.jpg

http://personal.ecu.edu/wuenschk/rabbit-wolf.gif

http://www.rodsguide.com/bears/eating.jpg


Heterotrophs consumers1

HETEROTROPHS = CONSUMERS

DETRITIVORES

________________ =

feed on plant & animal remains

EX: mites, earthworms,

snails, crabs

________________ =

break down and absorb organic matter

EX: bacteria & fungi

DECOMPOSERS

http://montereybayphotos.com/images/nature/2.jpg

http://www.fwnp.com/bracket-fungi.htm


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

Energy flows through an ecosystem in a series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by being eaten

CONSUMERS(Heterotrophs)

________________

_________________

= _________________

PRODUCERS(Autotrophs)

FOOD CHAIN

http://fig.cox.miami.edu/Faculty/Dana/foodchain.jpg


In most ecosystems feeding relationships are more complex

Pearson Education Inc, Publishing as Pearson Prentice Hall

In most ecosystems feeding relationships are more complex

A ______________ links ALL the food chains in an ecosystem together.

FOOD WEB


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

TROPHIC LEVEL

Each step in a food chain or web =

_______________

______________

ALWAYS

make up the

________

trophic level.

PRODUCERS

FIRST

http://home.insightbb.com/~g.mager/Pond/Ecosystem.htll


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

Lower levels must be

bigger to support the

level above.

Only about_____ of

the energy from

each level is passed

on.

10%

http://home.insightbb.com/~g.mager/Pond/Ecosystem.htll


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

Some energy is used

for life processes

such as growth,

development,

movement,

metabolism,

transport, and

reproduction.

The rest is

lost as ________

HEAT

http://home.insightbb.com/~g.mager/Pond/Ecosystem.htll


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

WHAT DO CELLS USE ENERGY FOR ?

ACTIVE TRANSPORT

Na+ - K + PUMPEndocytosis

Exocytosis

Animation from: http://www.lionden.com/cell_animations.htm

See a movie

Animation from: http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/biology/bio4fv/page/cell-movement.html


What do cells use energy for

WHAT DO CELLS USE ENERGY FOR ?

Movement

Synthesis of biomolecules

Meiosis: http://www.tokyo-med.ac.jp/genet/anm/

Cilia: http://www.sk.lung.ca/content.cfm?edit_realword=hwbreathe

Replication: http://www.beyondbooks.com/lif71/4c.asp

Transcription:http://www.wappingersschools.org/RCK/staff/teacherhp/johnson/visualvocab/mRNA.gif

Translation:


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

Growth and

Development

REPRODUCTION

Family image from: http://babyhearing.org/Parenet2Parent/index.asp


South dakota core science standards

SOUTH DAKOTA CORE SCIENCE STANDARDS

LIFE SCIENCE:Indicator 3: Analyze how organisms are linked to

oneanother and the environment.

9-12.L.3.1. Students are able to identify factors that can cause changes in stability of populations, communities, and ecosystems.

  • Define populations, communities, ecosystems, niches

    and symbiotic relationships.

  • Predict the results of biotic and abiotic interactions.

    Examples:

    Dormancy and migrationFluctuation in available resources (water, food, shelter)Biogeochemical cycles Energy flowCooperation and competition in ecosystems


South dakota core science standards1

SOUTH DAKOTA CORE SCIENCE STANDARDS

LIFE SCIENCE:Indicator 3: Analyze how organisms are linked to one another

and the environment.

9-12.L.3.1. Students are able to identify factors that can cause changes in stability of populations, communities, and ecosystems.

  • Define populations, communities, ecosystems, niches and symbiotic relationships.

  • Predict the results of biotic and abiotic interactions.

    Examples:

    Fluctuation in available resources (water, food, shelter)Energy flow


Core high school life earth science performance descriptors

Core High School Life/Earth SciencePerformance Descriptors


Image bibliography

IMAGE BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/summer2004/lect02.htm

Paint image by Riedell

Paint image by Riedell

http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookCHEM2.html#Organic%20molecules

http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evosite/evo101/images/dna_bases.gif


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

http://bioweb.wku.edu/courses/BIOL115/Wyatt/Biochem/Carbos/Carb_poly.gif

http://vilenski.org/science/safari/cellstructure/golgi.html

http://www.science.siu.edu/plant-biology/PLB117/JPEGs%20CD/0076.JPG

http://classes.kumc.edu/som/bioc801/lectures/images/mem01-08.gif

http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell_nucleus.html


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

http://www.biologyclass.net/mitochondria.jpe

http://www.ncu.edu.tw/~ls/graph/faculty_pictures/whole_time/SLC/SLC_lab-1.jpg

http://www.kufm.kagoshima-u.ac.jp/~anatomy2/BON/1016A03.jpg

http://www.carolguze.com/text/102-19-tissuesorgansystems.shtml

http://academic.pg.cc.md.us/~aimholtz/AandP/206_ONLINE/Immune/Innate_Images/cilia.jpg

http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookAnimalTS.html

http://www.agen.ufl.edu/~chyn/age2062/lect/lect_19/147b.gif


Energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

http://vilenski.org/science/safari/fungus/fungus.html

http://www.proctitispages.force9.co.uk/

http://www.harrythecat.com/graphics/

http://bestanimations.com

http://www.inclusive.co.uk/downloads/images/pics2/tree.gif

http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/homepage.htm

http://sps.k12.ar.us/massengale/animal%20dissections.htm


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