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Introduction to the Session 6 - Theme 4 – on “Water Resources Management and Governance”

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Introduction to the Session 6 - Theme 4 – on “Water Resources Management and Governance”. Environmental Sustainability. Economic. Equity. Management Instruments Assessment Information Allocation Instruments. Enabling Environment Policies Legislation. Institutional Framework

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Introduction to the

Session 6 - Theme 4 – on “Water Resources

Management and Governance”

slide2

EnvironmentalSustainability

Economic

Equity

Management Instruments

  • Assessment
  • Information
  • Allocation Instruments

EnablingEnvironment

  • Policies
  • Legislation

InstitutionalFramework

  • Central - Local
  • River Basin
  • Public - Private

Balance “water for livelihood” and “water as a resource”

The Concept of Integrated Water Resources Management

Integrated Water Resources Management implies three main elements:

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Cross-sectoral integration

  • Enabling environment
  • Institutions
  • Management tools

Water

for people

Water for

food

Water for nature

Water for

other

uses

  • IWRM:
  • A cross-sectoral approach
slide4

Implementation frameworks

  • For IWRM

Framework for water governance

Framework for water infrastructure development

Framework for water and sanitation service delivery

Framework for water efficiency improvements

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Africa’s high dependence on natural resources makes people vulnerable to environmental change Where are water resources most at risk?

Addressing vulnerability:

“Vulnerability of Water Resources to Environmental Change in Africa”

Aim: Managing vulnerability risks at transboundary, national and local,

river/lake/groundwater basin and catchment levels

Action: Assessment of effects of environmental and human driven changes

on water resources

Impact: Management and long-term conservation of ecosystems –

Strategy and policy development - Awareness creation…

Background

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Why we need vulnerability assessments

  • People already live on the threshold
  • Ecosystems are at high risk

For whom it is important

Government, Policy and decision-makers and affected communities...

Where are water resources most at risk?

We don‘t know yet

Vulnerability is multifaceted: Climate variability; Pollution; Population growth; Competition over water; Data availability and quality; Knowledge gaps…

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Seeks to maintain a balance between competing pressures

  • Resource integrity in the long-term
  • Social upliftment and advancement
  • Economic growth and use of environmental resources

The river, lake, groundwater basin approach

  • Basin approach supposes:
  • Balances resource protection and utilization
  • Considers all components hydrological cycle
  • Incorporates IWRM principles
  • (equity / efficiency / sustainability)
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Cluster

Indicator

Water Availability

Climate

Ecosystems

Surface Water

Groundwater

Demography

Economy

Legislation

Institutional

Knowledge

  • Physiography
  • Socio-Economy
  • Management

Water Scarcity

Water Use

Key parameters and indicators

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Northern Africa

Nile River Basin

Nubian Groundwater Basin

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Vulnerable: high aridity, low water availability, high poverty and moderate management

Nile River and Nubian Groundwater Basins

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Western Africa

Senegal and Niger River Basins

slide14

High aridity, low water availability, water scarcity

Vulnerable: high poverty, delayed sector reform, very low adaptive capacity

Senegal and Niger River Basins

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Southern Africa

Zambezi and Orange River Basins

slide16

High aridity, low water availability, water scarcity

Vulnerable: inadequate access, management and poverty

Zambezi and Orange River Basins

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 Water Scarcity 

 Water resources are at risk and

water stress is expected to increase…

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