REFERENCE and RESEARCH
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REFERENCE and RESEARCH. By: Molly Chandiramani Lisa Coto Amy Harfenist. 2nd Grade Focus Calendar: Weeks: 2-4 31-33 FCAT Testing Cluster 4 Strand A LA.A.2.1.5 LA.A.2.1.3 Reads informational text for specific purposes. LA.A.2.1.5 Teaching Targets

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REFERENCE and RESEARCH

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Reference and research

REFERENCE and RESEARCH

By: Molly Chandiramani

Lisa Coto

Amy Harfenist


Reference and research

2nd Grade

Focus Calendar:Weeks: 2-4

31-33

FCAT Testing Cluster 4

Strand A

LA.A.2.1.5

LA.A.2.1.3

Reads informational text for specific purposes


Reference and research

LA.A.2.1.5 Teaching Targets

Table of contents

Captions

Chapter

Heading

Graphs


Reference and research

LA.A.2.1.3 Teaching Target

Identifies steps in instructional texts


Reference and research

3rd -5th Grade

Focus Calendar:Weeks: 1-4

FCAT Testing Cluster 4

Strand A

LA.A.2.2.8

Reads informational text for specific purposes


Reference and research

LA.A.2.2. 8 Teaching Targets

Demonstrates use of text features:

Table of contents

Index

Captions

Illustrations

Glossary

Dictionary

Charts

Graphs

Page Numbers

Chapter headings/Subheadings


Clarifying the fcat benchmarks

Clarifying the FCAT Benchmarks

  • Grade 3, 4, and 5

  • Benchmark-LA.A.2.2.8

  • The student identifies meanings through the process of selecting and/or organizing information from text that contains multiple representations of information. Representations may include maps, charts, and photos. The complexity of the presentation will be appropriate to each grade level.


What does it look like on fcat

What Does It Look Like on FCAT?

3rd Grade

Item Type – Multiple Choice

Passage Attributes

  • Passages must focus on one or more topics and include a variety of grade-appropriate information sources. The stimulus may be text, maps, charts, photos, or excerpts from one or more reference materials, such as dictionary or encyclopedia.

  • Reference materials on which items are based must look like those found in textbooks or library reference materials at the appropriate grade.


What does it look like on fcat1

What Does It Look Like on FCAT?

3rd Grade

Item Type – Multiple Choice

Response Attributes

  • Distractors may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • incorrect use of reference materials,

  • incorrect or irrelevant information from the resource material,

  • incorrect conclusions or generalizations based on the stimulus.


What does it look like on fcat2

What Does It Look Like on FCAT?

4th Grade

Item Type – Multiple Choice

Passage Attributes:

  • Passages must focus on one or more topics and include a variety of grade-appropriate information sources. The stimulus may be text, maps, charts, photos, or excerpts from one or more reference materials, such as dictionary or encyclopedia.

  • Reference materials on which items are based must look like those found in textbooks or library reference materials at the appropriate grade. 


What does it look like on fcat3

What Does It Look Like on FCAT?

4th Grade

Item Type – Multiple Choice, SR, and ER

Response Attributes

Multiple Choice

  • Distractors may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • incorrect use of reference materials,

  • Incorrect or irrelevant information from the resource material,

  • incorrect conclusions or generalizations based on the stimulus.

    Short Response/Extended Response:

    These items will be scored with a holistic rubric that defines the

    performance criteria for each score point.


What does it look like on fcat4

What Does It Look Like on FCAT?

5th Grade

Passage Attributes

Item Type – Multiple Choice

  • Passages must focus on one or more topics and include a variety of grade-appropriate information sources. The stimulus may be text, maps, charts, photos, or excerpts from one or more reference materials, such as dictionary or encyclopedia.

  • Reference materials on which items are based must look like those found in textbooks or library reference materials at the appropriate grade. 


What does it look like on fcat5

What Does It Look Like on FCAT?

5th Grade

Item Type – Multiple Choice

  • Distractors may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • incorrect use of reference materials,

  • Incorrect or irrelevant information from the resource material,

  • incorrect conclusions or generalizations based on the stimulus.


Key question phrases

Key Question Phrases

  • Which meaning of the word ________ is used in this sentence?

  • Look at this table of contents. In what kind of book would these topics appear?

  • The map shows an area in ________. The map key explains what the map’s symbols mean. Where in _________ are cattle raised?

  • Read this _________ train schedule carefully. Suppose your class was traveling from _______ to _______, which train would get you to _______in early afternoon?

  • According to the pie chart, which _______ is the LEAST popular?

  • Which two topics can you learn about by reading page _____ of this _____book?

  • What kind of ________ would you be likely to read about on page ______?


Sample question

Sample Question

Using the graph from the following page locate the city that had the most growth in population?

A. Hartford

B. New York City

C. Orlando

D. Boston


Reference and research

Strategies and Resources


Circle plot map

Circle Plot Map

Start


Reference and research

  • Student Objectives for Circle Plot Map

  • Students will :

  • identify the characteristics of circular plot structures.

  • use graphic organizers of the circle plot diagram to preplan a story.

  • draw or write and illustrate an original circular story.

  • work together with peers during the writing workshop.

  • participate in a self-evaluation of their own writing.

  • share the story with an audience.


Reference and research

  • Student Directions for Circle Plot Map

  • Enter title

  • Enter a description

  • Place your title in the appropriate place into the circle by dragging it there

  • Enter more events

  • Enter plot events and descriptions

  • Hand out click on web-site below http://www.readwritethink.org/lesson_images/lesson827/Circle-blank.pdf

  • Interactive Circle Plot Map on the computer

  • http://readwritethink.org/materials/circle-plot/


Reference and research

KWL

___________________________

(Title of Research)


Reference and research

Research Outline

Title of Article or Book: ________________________

Topic I would like to research: ___________________

Why I choose this topic: ________________________

Subtopic 1: __________________________________

Why I choose this subtopic: ________________________

Subtopic 2: _____________________________________

Why I choose this subtopic: ________________________

Subtopic 3: _____________________________________

Why I choose this subtopic: ________________________


Teacher prompts to promote research

Teacher prompts to promote research

  • Analysis

    “Use the chart to determine….”

    “Give examples of how….”

  • Synthesis

    “What can you conclude about…?”

    “What was the author’s point of view about…?”

  • Evaluation

    “What evidence did the author use to support the opinion that….”

    “Justify how the author’s background influenced his point of view.”


Finding expository text using the web

Finding Expository Text Using the Web

Use the Reference and Research Web

slides to locate high interest

articles for your grade level in all of the text formats used in FCAT..........


Reference and research

Reference and Research

Web Sites

http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/k-5.html

From Astronomy to Weather, and all subjects in between, Discovery School offers a wide variety of comprehensive lesson plans that feature printable and online articles and discussion questions that stress application, evaluation, and synthesis.

http://www.pbs.org/teachersource/search.htm

A site able to be searched for lesson plans to teach higher order thinking skills by grade level and subject including the arts, literature, health + fitness, math, science and social studies.

http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/

A digital library of collections that include articles and web resources of interest to students by topic. Once you get to the topic page, look in the upper right-hand corner to link to electronic versions of popular magazines, journals, text, and web-sites related to your subject.


Reference and research

Reference and Research

Web Sites

http://www.ipl.org/kidspace/browse/ref0000

Here’s the place to go for all your general reference needs as well as sources of subject area informational articles from magazines and newspapers. Subject areas include reading (literary text), Health + Nutrition, Math + Science, Art + Music, Sports + Recreation, and The World. It has a great biography section for all subject teachers to enjoy as well.

http://www.infoplease.com/

If you want a quick and easy place to practice reading tables and graphs for information go to this Almanac site and see interesting statistics in The World News, History + Government, Biography, Sports, and Health and Science. It also has an atlas and thesaurus and wonderful instruction on research writing.

http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/

Current and archived Time for Kids articles are right at your fingertips for free! Click on the grade that you are working with and the most current issue of Time for Kids can be downloaded. Teacher lessons and resources are also available.


Reference and research

“What we know, what we will learn, will bring us to new horizons.”

Author Unknown


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