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CHAPTER 7. MALAY VALUES ORIENTATION. CHAPTER OUTLINES. 1. BACKGROUND-Historical 2. SOCIAL CONTEXT/STRUCTURE Personal level Social level 3. VALUES Budi bahasa, shame malu, Rasa concept, Air muka concept 4. RELIGION OF ISLAM. Background.

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Chapter 7

CHAPTER 7

MALAY VALUES ORIENTATION


Chapter outlines
CHAPTER OUTLINES

1. BACKGROUND-Historical

2. SOCIAL CONTEXT/STRUCTURE

  • Personal level

  • Social level

    3. VALUES

  • Budi bahasa, shame malu, Rasa concept, Air muka concept

    4. RELIGION OF ISLAM


Background
Background

  • The ancestors from mainland S/East Asia and Indonesian islands around 1500 B.C.

  • Settled along coastal areas of peninsular Msia.

  • Political domination from group ruling China, Thailand, and Indonesian island.

  • 1403: Melaka-the 1st Malay kingdom

  • 16th century: Portuguese 1511, Dutch 1641.

  • 19th century: British 1874-1957 straits Settlements.

  • Malay: Article 16(2): professes Islam religion, speaks Malay language, conforms to Malay customs.

  • Islam: central to the Malay identity and culture solidarity.


Malay
Malay

  • Malay: Article 16(2): professes Islam religion, speaks Malay language, conforms to Malay customs.

  • Islam: central to the Malay identity and culture solidarity.


Discussion

  • Timbulnya pengaruh pelbagai budaya

    -Baba nyonya, Portugis

    -Pelbagai etnik dan suku kaum

  • Islam is central to the Malay

    -cultural solidarity

    -Malay entity:

    Article 16(2): professes Islam religion, speaks Malay language, conforms to Malay customs.

    Pakaian, ritual


Social structure
SOCIAL STRUCTURE

  • Hierarchical and relationship oriented.

  • Class-based social structure reflects values, specific way in communicating these values

  • -greetings, panggilan pangkat, anugerah dll.

  • Ruling class and subject class rakyat


Social structure1
SOCIAL STRUCTURE

  • Ruling class and subject class rakyat

  • The Kampung concept

    -cluster/building

    -community concept


Values
VALUES

  • BUDI BAHASA

    -code of personal

    -Intellect or kindness

  • RASA CONCEPT

    1. core personality and relates to personal character and social sensitivity as a member of a group

    -encompassing one’s feelings (sensory and emotional level) and conscience


Values1
VALUES

DISCUSSION

-Rasa concept in a member of a group living in close proximity

-Relate interdependently with neighbors on a day-to-day basis

-People taught to sense the mood-verbal/nonverbal gestures

-Why?

-Intellect or kindness


  • RASA CONCEPT

    -core personality and relates to personal character

    and social sensitivity as a member of a group

    -encompassing one’s feelings (sensory and emotional level) and conscience


Values2
VALUES

DISCUSSION

2. Demonstrated through key senses

-seeing, hearing, smelling, feeling

-How to communicate without words?

-simpathy, Orang berbudi kita berbahasa

-get the sense of what is being said

-Why?


Values3
VALUES

THE MANY WAYS OF RASA

  • Taste on the tongue

  • Sensation

  • Feeling

  • Think, believe

  • Intuit

  • Touch

  • Memory


Values4
VALUES

SHAME MALU

-has special meaning in then culture

-No shame/Tak malu

-Malu-high moral

SHAME MALU AT PERSONAL LEVEL

-occur when see themselves as unfit to be considered as worthy members of a group

-Feeling discomfort in the presence of people

-Perceived human failings

-Withdraw and reluctant to be seen in public

(Japan, Dr.Ellie,


Values5
VALUES

SHAME MALU AT SOCIAL LEVEL

-maintaining status and position in th eyes of others

-Social judgment/social programming of a Malay

Social criticism

-Tak tahu malu

The result?


Values6
VALUES

AIR MUKA CONCEPT

-Related to malu shame concept

-Face relates the communication about respect and dignity

How you deal with culture specific-malu?

-Face is vital to enhance a person-to-person relationship


Related concepts
RELATED CONCEPTS

GIVE FACE-BERI MUKA

-acknowledging

-respecting

In what form?

LOSE FACE-JATUH AIR MUKA

-Challenged by another person in front of the public

-Own actions/inactions

How to avoid?


Related concepts1
RELATED CONCEPTS

SAVE FACE-JAGA AIR MUKA

-How to concern?

GAIN FACE-DAPAT AIR MUKA

-when you aware that your good behavior, speech and dressing is reflective of your image-social status, business position, etc.

-Result in showing off


Related concepts2
RELATED CONCEPTS

THICK FACE-MUKA TEBAL

-beyond the shame

-Does not care what others think of him

-Speak out what he thinks and feels

-Strive for getting things done regardless of what other people have to say

-What is his concern?-whether his action is effective or not


Related concepts3
RELATED CONCEPTS

Show face-Tunjuk muka

-When he supports another person by being present physically/verbally

-Examples?


3 religion of islam
3. Religion of Islam

  • The influence of Islam

  • Five pillars of Islam

  • How Islam influence the Malays?Discuss


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