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CLARIN-D Showcase: Textual Emigration Analysis. André Blessing, Jens Stegmann , Jonas Kuhn Institute for Natural Language Processing (IMS) University of Stuttgart, Germany . Showcase Scenario. Textual Emigration Analysis Extract and visualize descriptions of emigration moves from texts.

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CLARIN-D Showcase: Textual Emigration Analysis

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Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

CLARIN-D Showcase:

Textual Emigration Analysis

André Blessing, Jens Stegmann, Jonas Kuhn

Institute for Natural Language Processing (IMS)

University of Stuttgart, Germany


Showcase scenario

Showcase Scenario

Textual Emigration Analysis

Extract and visualize

descriptions of emigration

movesfrom texts

Immigration

Erika Lust wuchs in Kasachstan auf und emigrierte 1989 nach Deutschland.

‘Erika Lust grew up in Kasachstan and emigrated to Germany in 1989.’

1906 übersiedelte

Grabmayrnach Wien.

‘In 1906 Grabmayr moved to Vienna.’

ImJahr 1931 über-siedeltePohl nach Freiburg imBreisgau. ‘In 1931 Pohl moved to Freiburg i. Br.’

Emigration


Motivation showcase

Motivation: showcase

Text analysis for the eHumanities

  • Exploit resource infrastructure & existing linguistic tools

CLARIN webservices

Converters

Tokenizer

had

Tagger

LOC

in

SBJ

OBJ

PMOD

Parser

prices

effect

PPI

NMOD

NMOD

NMOD

NMOD

Named Entity

Recognizer

auto

a

big

the


Motivation stimulation

Motivation: stimulation

e

Text analysis for the eHumanities

  • Exploit resource infrastructure & existing linguistic tools

  • Accommodate discipline-specific concepts and relations

  • Aggregate information across textual sources

  • Link textual instances for critical reflection and correction

  • Adapt components to target language variety and domain

Humanities:

diverse range of disciplines dealing with aspects of text(s)

(a.o., philology, linguistics, history, social sciences, …)

“enabling”:

facilitate innovative

research on larger-scale data collections

CLARIN webservices

Converters

Tokenizer

had

Tagger

LOC

in

SBJ

OBJ

PMOD

Parser

prices

effect

PPI

NMOD

NMOD

NMOD

NMOD

Named Entity

Recognizer

auto

a

big

the


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

Sample task

Extract instances of emigrate relation from text

emigrate( , , )

Deutschland

Kasachstan

Erika_Lust

1906 übersiedelteGrabmayrnach Wien.

‘In 1906 Grabmayr moved to Vienna.’

Erika Lust wuchs in Kasachstan auf und emigrierte 1989 nach Deutschland.

‘Erika Lust grew up in Kasachstan and emigrated to Germany in 1989.’

ImJahr 1931 übersiedeltePohl nach Freiburg imBreisgau.

‘In 1931 Pohl moved to Freiburg i. Br.’


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

Sample task

emigrate( , , )

Agostino_Novella

Frankreich

Genua

AgostinoNovella

(* 28. September 1905 in Genua;

† 15. September 1974 in Rom)

1932 emigrierteernachFrankreich.

‘In 1932, he emigrated to France.’

1906 übersiedelteGrabmayrnach Wien.

‘In 1906 Grabmayr moved to Vienna.’

1906 übersiedelte

Grabmayrnach Wien.

‘In 1906 Grabmayr moved to Vienna.’

Exploitmetadataandavailablestructureddata

Erika Lust wuchs in Kasachstan auf und emigrierte 1989 nach Deutschland.

‘Erika Lust grew up in Kasachstan and emigrated to Germany in 1989.’

ImJahr 1931 übersiedeltePohl nach Freiburg imBreisgau.

‘In 1931 Pohl moved to Freiburg i. Br.’


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • A more complicated case…

Abraham Lincoln

(* 12. Februar 1809 …, heute: LaRue County, Kentucky; † 15. April 1865 in Washington, D.C.)

Kindheit und Jugend

Abraham Lincoln wurde in einerBlockhütte auf der Sinking Spring Farm nahedemDorf Hodgenville in Kentucky geboren. Seine Elternwaren der Farmer Thomas Lincoln und dessen Frau Nancy, die beideaus Virginia stammten.

Thomas Lincolns VorfahrenwareneinigeGenerationenzuvoraus Wales nachAmerikaausgewandert.

‘Thomas Lincoln's ancestors had emigrated several generations earlier from Wales to America.’


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • Spectrum of analytical approaches

(1) General-purpose text analytics

  • Meta data, document structure

  • Look-up of names for geo-political entities

emigrate( , , )

Wales

Kentucky

Abraham_Lincoln

emigrate( , , )

Amerika

Kentucky

Abraham_Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

(* 1809, Kentucky; † 1865 in Washington, D.C.)

Thomas Lincolns VorfahrenwareneinigeGenerationenzuvoraus Wales nachAmerikaausgewandert.

‘Thomas Lincoln's ancestors had emigrated several generations earlier from Wales to America.’


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • Spectrum of analytical approaches

(1) General-purpose text analytics

Meta data, document structure

Look-up of names for geo-political entities

Exploit linguistic tools

Accommodate concepts

Aggregate information

Link textual instances

Adapt components

emigrate( , , )

Wales

Amerika

Abraham_Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

Thomas Lincolns VorfahrenwareneinigeGenerationenzuvoraus Wales nachAmerikaausgewandert.

‘Thomas Lincoln's ancestors had emigrated several generations earlier from Wales to America.’

Typicallyworkswell in textcollectionswithsomedegreeofredundancy


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • Spectrum of analytical approaches

(2) Taking advantage of language analysis tools

  • Tokenization, Pos-Tagging, Named Entity Recognition

  • Identify semantic relation based on keywords

emigrate( , , )

Wales

Amerika

Thomas_Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

Thomas Lincolns VorfahrenwareneinigeGenerationenzuvoraus Wales nachAmerikaausgewandert.

‘Thomas Lincoln's ancestors had emigrated several generations earlier from Wales to America.’


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • Spectrum of analytical approaches

(2) Taking advantage of language analysis tools

Tokenization, Pos-Tagging, Named Entity Recognition

Identify semantic relation based on keywords

Exploit linguistic tools

Accommodate concepts

Aggregate information

Link textual instances

Adapt components

emigrate( , , )

Wales

Amerika

Thomas_Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

Thomas Lincolns VorfahrenwareneinigeGenerationenzuvoraus Wales nachAmerikaausgewandert.

‘Thomas Lincoln's ancestors had emigrated several generations earlier from Wales to America.’


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • Spectrum of analytical approaches

(3) Adaptable eHumanities toolkit

  • Trainable relation extraction

  • Adaptable/retrainable parser and additional tools

emigrate( , , )

Wales

Amerika

TLs Vorfahren

SB

Thomas Lincolns VorfahrenwareneinigeGenerationenzuvor

ausWales nachAmerikaausgewandert.

NK

NK

NK

NK

MO

MO


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • Spectrum of analytical approaches


Showcase demo

Showcase Demo

Textual Emigration Analysis

Extract and visualize

descriptions of

emigration moves

from texts

Immigration

1906 übersiedelte

Grabmayrnach Wien.

‘In 1906 Grabmayr moved to Vienna.’

ImJahr 1931 über-siedeltePohl nach Freiburg imBreisgau. ‘In 1931 Pohl moved to Freiburg i. Br.’

Emigration

1906 übersiedelte

Grabmayrnach Wien.

‘In 1906 Grabmayr moved to Vienna.’


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • Raphaël—JavaScript Library

Different maps can easily be integrated

World 2013

Europe 1938

Germany 1949

  • NLP challenge

    • Ground named entities (toponyms) to maps

    • Simple approach

      • Use gazetteer:


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • Adaptability, user interaction

Sosonkoemigrierte 1972 aus der UdSSR in die Niederlande.

‘Sosonko emigrated in 1972 from the USSR to the Netherlands.’

Identified toponyms

Mappingsuggestions

Human corrections

Troizk

Russia

UdSSR

??

Russia

Niederlande

Netherlands

Lugano

Switzerland

Wijk aan Zee

Netherlands

Nijmegen

Netherlands

Polanica-Zdroj

Poland


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

Outlook: Factuality

Das EhepaarwollteeigentlichnachAmerikaauswandern, aber die Geburtihrer … Kinder ließsieihrePläneändern.

‘The couple actucallywanted to emigrate to America, but the birth of their children made them change their plans.’

Den ZweitenWeltkriegverbrachteer in Deutschland, weilernie in die USA auswandernwollte.

‘He spent WW II in Germany because he never wanted to emigrate to the USA.’

1968 imPragerFrühlingmarschierte die Rote Armee in die Tschechoslowakeiein, Kohoutekentschiedsichdaraufhin 1970 zur Emigration nachDeutschland.

‘In 1968, in the Prague Spring the Red Army marched into Czechoslovakia; as a consequence, in 1970 Kohoutekdecided in favour of emigration to Germany.’


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

  • eHumanities showcase

e

(FCS)

CLARIN webservices

  • TEA application

  • Interfaces to

  • webservices

  • User Interface

Converters

Tokenizer

Tagger

TCF exchange

format

Parser

Named Entity

Recognizer

Exploit linguistic tools

Accommodate concepts

Aggregate information

Link textual instances

Adapt components

Parser (retrainable) .

GeoGrounding (retrainable)

Relation extractor (retrainable)


Clarin d showcase textual emigration analysis

Thank you!

CLARIN-D Showcase:

Textual Emigration Analysis

André Blessing, Jens Stegmann, Jonas Kuhn

Institute for Natural Language Processing (IMS)

University of Stuttgart, Germany


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