Science of hadith
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Science of Hadith PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Science of Hadith. Introduction. Muslims are agreed that the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the second of the two revealed fundamental sources of Islam.

Download Presentation

Science of Hadith

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Science of hadith

Science of Hadith


Science of hadith

  • Muslims are agreed that the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the second of the two revealed fundamental sources of Islam.

  • During the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and after his death , his companions used to refer to him directly, when quoting his sayings.

Science of hadith

  • The next generation to Tabi’een (successors) used to follow their steps and quote the Prophet (peace be upon him ) directly, while others would still mention the link. ( he is usually a Sahabi or senior Tabi’ee)

  • After the fitnah (civil war) happened , some sects appearedwithin the Muslim nation.

Science of hadith

  • Various groups supported their views by fabricating some ahadeeth.

  • The need for verification of each Hadith arose.

  • Imam Malik (d.179) said : “ The first one to utilize the Isnad/sanad was Ibn Shihab Alzuhri (d.124)

Science of hadith

  • A hadith is composed of two parts: the matn (text) and the isnad/ sanad ( chain of reporters)

  • A text may seem to be logical and reasonable but needs an authentic isnad with reliable reporters to be acceptable.

Science of hadith

  • Imam Abdullah ibn Al-Mubarak (d.181).H said: “The isnad is part of the religion, had it not been for the isnad, whoever wished to, would have said what ever he likes.”

Science of hadith

  • Ibn Sireen (d.110) said:” They would not ask about the isnad, but when the fitnah happened they said: Name to us your men. So the narrations of Ahla-alsunnah would be accepted, while those of Ahl-albida’h would not be accepted.”

Science of hadith

A brief history of Mustalahal-Hadith

Science of hadith

  • As time passed, more reporters were involved in each isnad / sanad.

  • The situation demanded strict discipline in the acceptance of Ahadith.

  • The set of rules governing this area of knowledge is called “Mustalah al-Hadith.”

Science of hadith

  • Among the early writing about these rules, the work of Al-Imam Ashafie (d.204) in his book called Al-Risalah, Imam Muslim (d.261) in his introduction to his sahih and the notes found in Jami Atthirmithi (d.279)

Science of hadith

  • The first work that was comprehensive and purely dedicated to the rules of Mustalah Al-Hadith is what was written by Al-Ramahurmuzi (d.360)

    ”المحدث الفاصل بين الراوي والسامع“

Science of hadith

  • The next major contribution was Ma’rifat Ulum Al-hadeeth by Al-Hakim (d.405) H. He covered fifty classifications of Hadith, but still he left some points untouched.

  • Abu Nu’aim Al-asbahani (d.430) completed some of the missing work.

Science of hadith

  • Then came Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi (d.463) with his work Al-Kifayah fi ilm Al-Riwayah.(الكفاية في علم الرواية)

    and his 2nd work (Al-Jami’ Li-Akhlaaq Al-raawy wa Adab Al-sami’)

    ( الجامع لأخلاق الراوي وآداب السامع)

Science of hadith

  • Then came Al-Qadi Iyad (d.544) with his work

    (الإلماع في ضبط الرواية وقوانين السماع)

    “ Al-lma’ Fi thabth Al-riwayah wa Kawaneen Al-sama’ “

Science of hadith

  • Then came Ibn salaah (d.643) with his famous work ”علوم الحديث“

    “ the science of Hadith” commonly known as Muqadimah Ibn al-salah, it contained series of lessons taught by Ibn Alsalah in Al-Ashrafiyah School in Damascus.

Science of hadith

  • Imam Al-nawawi (d.774) summarized Al-muqqadimah in a book called Al-Irshad, and then he summarized Al-Irshad in his book Al-taqrib(التقريب)

  • Al-Imam As-suyouti wrote a commentary on Al-taqrib and called it Tadrib al-Rawy

Classification of hadith according to the reference to a particular authority

Classification of HadithAccording to the reference to a particular authority

  • Login