Science of hadith
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Science of Hadith. Introduction. Muslims are agreed that the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the second of the two revealed fundamental sources of Islam.

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Science of hadith

Science of Hadith


  • Muslims are agreed that the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the second of the two revealed fundamental sources of Islam.

  • During the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and after his death , his companions used to refer to him directly, when quoting his sayings.

  • The next generation to Tabi’een (successors) used to follow their steps and quote the Prophet (peace be upon him ) directly, while others would still mention the link. ( he is usually a Sahabi or senior Tabi’ee)

  • After the fitnah (civil war) happened , some sects appearedwithin the Muslim nation.

  • Imam isnad/ sanad ( chain of reporters)Abdullah ibn Al-Mubarak (d.181).H said: “The isnad is part of the religion, had it not been for the isnad, whoever wished to, would have said what ever he likes.”

  • Ibn Sireen isnad/ sanad ( chain of reporters) (d.110) said:” They would not ask about the isnad, but when the fitnah happened they said: Name to us your men. So the narrations of Ahla-alsunnah would be accepted, while those of Ahl-albida’h would not be accepted.”

A brief history of Mustalah isnad/ sanad ( chain of reporters)al-Hadith

  • Then came by Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi (d.463) with his work Al-Kifayah fi ilm Al-Riwayah.(الكفاية في علم الرواية)

    and his 2nd work (Al-Jami’ Li-Akhlaaq Al-raawy wa Adab Al-sami’)

    ( الجامع لأخلاق الراوي وآداب السامع)

  • Then came by Al-Qadi Iyad (d.544) with his work

    (الإلماع في ضبط الرواية وقوانين السماع)

    “ Al-lma’ Fi thabth Al-riwayah wa Kawaneen Al-sama’ “

  • Then came by Ibn salaah (d.643) with his famous work ”علوم الحديث“

    “ the science of Hadith” commonly known as Muqadimah Ibn al-salah, it contained series of lessons taught by Ibn Alsalah in Al-Ashrafiyah School in Damascus.

  • Imam Al-nawawi by (d.774) summarized Al-muqqadimah in a book called Al-Irshad, and then he summarized Al-Irshad in his book Al-taqrib(التقريب)

  • Al-Imam As-suyouti wrote a commentary on Al-taqrib and called it Tadrib al-Rawy

Classification of hadith according to the reference to a particular authority
Classification of Hadith by According to the reference to a particular authority