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Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2O2O Opportunities and Challenges for Conservation through Sustainable Use Kai Wollscheid Director General CIC – International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation. Content. A M agazine A R evolution ary M odel

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Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2O2OOpportunities and Challenges for Conservation through Sustainable UseKai WollscheidDirector GeneralCIC – International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation


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Content 2O2O

A Magazine

A Revolutionary

Model

3. A Challenge


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„If you have built castles in the air, 2O2O

your work need not be lost;

that is where they should be.

Now put foundations under them.”

Henry David Thoreau



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1. A Magazine such foundations…


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1871... such foundations…

...a new monthly newspaper appeared in the US: “The American Sportsman”

Amasing shift in social and civic conscience to rescue and support wildlife for generations to come


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2. A Revolutionary Model such foundations…


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The North American Wildlife Conservation Model such foundations…

  • Cause and concern: hunters’ voices echoed across the continent, demanding a codified approach to the taking of wildlife – a prescription for both, human conduct and motivation


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The North American Wildlife Conservation Model (2) such foundations…

  • Launch of a social and intellectual revolution

  • Wildlife became tied to identity, sense of nationhood and civic responsability

  • This doctrine relied on the taking of nature, not on simply viewing it


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The North American Wildlife Conservation Model (3) such foundations…

Concept based on „Seven Sisters”:

1. public trust,

2. prohibition of commerce,

3. democratic rule of law,

4. hunting opportunity for all,

5. non-frivolous use,

6. international resources,

7. scientific management


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The North American Wildlife Conservation Model (4) such foundations…

6. International resources:

1916: Great Britain (on behalf of Canada) and the US sign the Migratory Bird Convention

1918: Migratory Bird Treaty Act implements Convention in the US

Similar agreements with other nations followed


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3. A Challenge such foundations…


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The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

During the last years, the sector of tourism for example has developed different concepts for environmentally friendly forms of tourism. A so-called “environmental management” can assure that negative impacts of tourism are reduced to a minimum.

A number of regional and global initiatives do exist that have one aim in common: to further sustainable use of all resources (http://www.cbd.int/default.shtml).


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Use of in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

Resources

The concept of

“Sustainable

Development“

1992

2002

2004

2007

.

Sustainable Use


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IUCN Policy Statement Amman 2000 in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. Sustainable Use of Wild Living Resources

“Use, if sustainable can serve human needs

on an ongoing basis while contributing to theconservation of biological diversity”

“Use of wild living resources, if sustainable, is an important conservation tool because the social and economic benefits derived from such use provide incentives for people to conserve them”


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CBD has developed two very significant Guidelines: in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development and the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity (AAPG).

The Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development(http://www.cbd.int/programmes/socio-eco/tourism/guidelines.asp): CBD recognizes that sustainable tourism can provide significant benefits to biodiversity conservation. The guidelines cover all forms of tourism. Special focus lies on indigenous and local communities. Tourism can also play a crucial role in incorporating sustainable use and equity strategies within and around protected areas. The Convention furthermore asks for feedback on the effectiveness of these Guidelines.


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Use of in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

Resources

The concept of

“Sustainable

Development“

1992

2002

2004

2007

.

Guidelines on

Biodiversity

and Tourism

Development

“ADDIS ABABA“

Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use

of Biodiversity

Tourism

Use of

Biodiversity

Principles and Guidelines for Sustainable Hunting Tourism

Hunting

Tourism

Sustainable Use


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The in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity (AAPG)(http://www.cbd.int/programmes/socio-eco/use/addis.asp) were developed and finally adopted by the Parties to the CBD in February 2004. The CIC, like IUCN, was right from the beginning a partner in this process and assisted in the development of the AAPG. The AAPG in fact represent the latest state of the art on sustainable use of biodiversity, and provide a framework for assisting stakeholders on all geographical levels, as well as institutional levels such as the UN System, Conventions, Governments, development agencies, local and indigenous communities, resource managers, the private sector and NGOs, on how to ensure that their uses of biodiversity will not lead to its long-term decline.


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Important Notes in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

  • The Principles:

    • apply to consumptive and

      non-consumptive use

    • are intended to be of general relevance

    • but not all apply equally to all situations

      or apply with equal rigour

  • Full version: www.biodiv.org

    • www.cic-wildlife.org


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I in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. n a nutshell

  • Sustainability of use of biodiversity

  • will be enhanced if there is:

    • Supportive & linked governance at all levels

    • Empowerment & accountability of local users

    • Adaptive management using science,

      monitoring, local knowledge and

      timely feedbacks

    • Equitable sharing of benefits for local people

    • Transparency & international co-operation

    • Public awareness of the benefits Full version: www.biodiv.org


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European Sustainable in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

Hunting Initiative

European Charter

on Hunting &

Biodiversity

IUCN ESUSG

WISPER

Guidelines

For Sustainable Hunting

Conservation Hunting

Best Practice Manual

Sustainable

Migratory Bird

Hunting inthe MTC

Global:

Addis Ababa

Principles &

Guidelines (AAPG)

“Hunting

Tourism:

A Red Rag?”

Sustainable

Hunting

Tourism

Programme

Premium Hunting

(Conservancies)

Namibia

IUCN-ZSL Symposium on Recreational Hunting

Initiatives for sustainable hunting


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Sustainable in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. developmentis a process...


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Sustainable tourism management: in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

Strasdas 2001 modified


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Conservation needs in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. data…


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Harvest Data... in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

  • ...in many regions and for many species not sufficient enough

  • Even if data does exist – sharing remains critical (provision of data regarded as threat for further use of species)

  • Many organisations involved in monitoring of harvest (AEWA, WI, etc.)


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Conservation needs finance… in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.


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Sustainable Financing in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

  • If wildlife and protected areas do not contribute to poverty reduction but instead limit availble resources which otherwise could be used to alleviate poverty, then their conservation has no political future.


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Sustainable Financing in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

  • Sustainable use options for wildlife (including migratory species) are many and varied

  • Photo tourism, hunting, meat production, use of by-products, etc.


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Sustainable Financing in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

  • Empirical experience shows: combination of different forms of utilisation usually renders highest income!

  • In some instances environmentally friendly wildlife utilisation can brin equal/greater revenue per unit area then other land use options (e.g agriculture)


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Conclusions in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

  • conservation concepts must be sustainable in all aspects: politically, economically, ecologically

  • Provision of harvest data must be seen as carrot, rather then a stick


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Conclusions in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. (2)

  • Increased education of resource users on biological impact of use during different life cycles

  • Why not creating a „Sustainable Use CHM” to increase credibility of data management?


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Conclusions in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. (3)

  • More equaty in reporting success! Ciritical role of (conservation) media in presenting successes and failures in both, consumptive and non/consumptive use of migratory species

  • Broad coalition required for developing tangible standards and criteria for SU


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Acknowledgements in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

Special thanks to CIC Expert Prof. Shane Mahoney, Newfoundland, for his advise on the North American Wildlife Conservation Model. For further reading: http://www.rmef.org/Hunting/HuntersConservation

Contributions to this presentation came also from Kolja Zimmermann, Coordinator CIC Sustainable Hunting Tourism Programme.


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Thank you for your in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development.

sustainedattention!


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