LAND AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OUR LAND OUR LIFE. Beliefs/Education. Definition: Indigenous Peoples: Sovereignty and Key Role of Beliefs All of these Elements UNENCLOSED. Land. Languages. Work/Food. Cultures. Communities. LAND AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OUR LAND OUR LIFE Land is Life:.
LAND AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLESOUR LAND OUR LIFE
Definition: Indigenous Peoples:Sovereignty and Key Role of Beliefs
All of these Elements UNENCLOSED
Land is life for a people who are dependent on subsistence agriculture for their livelihoods and whose identity, kinship structure, language, ancestral beings and spiritual self is to a large degree founded on land.
As the first Minister for Lands in Vanuatu, Sethy Regenvanu, stated famously;
enclosed it and place its records in the
effective lease system and development
consultants to draw up the country’s
land road map.
open door to development and
individuals and investors
enhances the corrupt dealings to
state and the companies
Recognition of the important relationships that ni-Vanuatu landowners have to their land must somehow be reconciled with the extensive land sales that are occurring across coastal estates on many of the islands of Vanuatu. (refer to map- 1996)
In 2008 it was estimated that approximately 50 per cent of coastal Efate was under lease (Fingelton, Naupa and Ballard 2008). I imagine this is now an underestimate of current leasing on Efate. The majority of these leases are held by foreigners and when leases over land are created ni-Vanuatu often illegally lose access to gardens, and coastal estates where leases are located (Farran 2010: 398).
Land is, of course, an economic resource and a site of political power. Selling land is often the only way that landowners can generate the often substantial cash funds needed to pay for schooling, bride prices and other customary obligations, upgrade housing and infrastructure and access other material goods. Without alternative livelihood or ‘development’ opportunities that offer similar cash payments to landowners it is difficult to maintain the ideological argument that land should not be sold. However, it must also be understood that selling land is possibly the single most culturally transformative act that landowners can undertake. When land is sold to outsiders, things will change.
This then is a foundational tension in Vanuatu. The importance of place to identity versus the commodified value of land. It is this tension, in all its complexity, that is the subject of this brief paper today.
the customary tenure is flexible
only way forward in Melanesia in particular Vanuatu.(only
resource is land)
imposed on us will have adverse consequences.