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Introduction to Music. Ch. 8: Texture Ch 9: Form Ch. 10: Style. Texture. The musical “weave” or layers of what we hear together a melody several melodies a melody + accompaniment several melodies + accompaniment. Texture. monophony = a melody. vocal. instrumental.

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Introduction to music
Introduction to Music

Ch. 8: Texture

Ch 9: Form

Ch. 10: Style


Texture
Texture

  • The musical “weave” or layers of what we hear together

    • a melody

    • several melodies

    • a melody + accompaniment

    • several melodies + accompaniment


Texture1
Texture

  • monophony = a melody

vocal

instrumental

Men’s chest voices are naturally an_______ lower than the women’s head voices.

octave

Everyone in the room sings the same melody together. Is that monophony? ____

yes

What term describes that phenomenon? _______

unison


Texture2
Texture

vocal

instrumental

  • monophony = a melody

  • polyphony (2 types)

    • 2 or more melodies of equal importance sounding together

    • imitation

2 melodies

A - ve Ma - ri ---- a

A - ve Ma - ri ---- a

A - ve Ma - ri ---- a

A - ve Ma - ri ---- a


Texture3

accompaniment accompanimentaccom

paniment accompaniment accompanime

nt accompaniment accompanimentacco

mpaniment accompaniment accompani

ment accompaniment accompaniment a

ccompaniment accompaniment accomp

Melody

Texture

vocal

instrumental

  • monophony = a melody

  • polyphony = 2 or more melodies of equal importance sounding together

    • Imitation

  • homophony= melody in the foreground w/ subordinate accompaniment

2 melodies

unequal


Texture

MonophonyPolyphony several dissimilar melodies imitationHomophonySoooo, what do you hear? Identify thetexture and performing media:

147

258

369

10


Form

“…the organization of musical ideas in time.” (Kamien)

Form builders:

unityrepetition of musical ideas “musical glue”

contrast new musical ideas creates forward motion, suspense

variation restated musical idea with some change(s)


Form

Some example forms found in music:

Time: 00:00 xx:yy

piece 1:A B A

piece 2: A A B B

piece 3: A B A C A B A

piece 4: A A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 (A A’ A” A”’ etc.)

How many sections in each piece?

How many musical ideas in each piece?

Does a piece’s form give any information about its length?

Does each form balance new ideas and repeated ideas?

What label from the previous slide would you apply to form #4?

How does form #4 create and balance unity and contrast?


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes
Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

A--B BIG CONTRAST

ABA’

Describe A: Describe B: Compare with A

melody melody similarities tone color tone color differences range range contour contour motion motion

accompaniment accompaniment

3 sections

2 highly contrasting ideas

KamienPg. 50


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes1
Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

A B A’


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes2
Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

A--B BIG CONTRAST

a--b some contrast

ABA’ aba’ c a’

Flutetrio

melody

English

horn

melody

Flute

melody

repeated

Trumpet

melody


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes3
Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

A B A’

a b a c a

Flutetrio

melody

English

horn

melody

Flute

melody

repeated

Trumpet

melody


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes4
Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

A B A’

a b a’ c a’

a a b a’ a’ c c’ a’ a’

Flutetrio

English

horn

Trumpet

melody

Track theentire piece


Style
Style

…is what’s

fashionable

in terms of:

melody

rhythm

tone color

dynamics

harmony

texture

form

Listeners’ tastes determine the nature of each of these elements, and those tastes change throughout the course of history. For example, the 16th century was the “golden age of polyphony,” but homophony was favored in the early 17th century.

17th century music was based on long, complex melodies; 18th century listeners preferred simple, short, folk-like melodies.


Stylistic periods
Stylistic periods

450-1450 5-15C Middle Ages

1450-1600 16C Renaissance

1600-1750 17C Baroque

1750-1820 18C Classical

1820-1900 19C Romantic

1900-2000 20C Twentieth Century


Stylistic periods1
Stylistic periods

5-15C Middle Ages

16C Renaissance

17C Baroque

18C Classical

19C Romantic

20C Twentieth Century

Know this!


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