Introduction to music
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Introduction to Music. Ch. 8:Texture Ch 9:Form Ch. 10:Style. Texture. The musical “weave” or layers of what we hear together a melody several melodies a melody + accompaniment several melodies + accompaniment. Texture. monophony =a melody. vocal. instrumental.

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Introduction to Music

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Introduction to music

Introduction to Music

Ch. 8:Texture

Ch 9:Form

Ch. 10:Style


Texture

Texture

  • The musical “weave” or layers of what we hear together

    • a melody

    • several melodies

    • a melody + accompaniment

    • several melodies + accompaniment


Texture1

Texture

  • monophony =a melody

vocal

instrumental

Men’s chest voices are naturally an_______ lower than the women’s head voices.

octave

Everyone in the room sings the same melody together. Is that monophony? ____

yes

What term describes that phenomenon? _______

unison


Texture2

Texture

vocal

instrumental

  • monophony =a melody

  • polyphony (2 types)

    • 2 or more melodies of equal importance sounding together

    • imitation

2 melodies

A - ve Ma - ri ---- a

A - ve Ma - ri ---- a

A - ve Ma - ri ---- a

A - ve Ma - ri ---- a


Texture3

accompaniment accompanimentaccom

paniment accompaniment accompanime

nt accompaniment accompanimentacco

mpaniment accompaniment accompani

ment accompaniment accompaniment a

ccompaniment accompaniment accomp

Melody

Texture

vocal

instrumental

  • monophony =a melody

  • polyphony = 2 or more melodies of equal importance sounding together

    • Imitation

  • homophony=melody in the foreground w/ subordinate accompaniment

2 melodies

unequal


Introduction to music

Texture

MonophonyPolyphonyseveral dissimilar melodiesimitationHomophonySoooo, what do you hear? Identify thetexture and performing media:

147

258

369

10


Introduction to music

Form

“…the organization of musical ideas in time.” (Kamien)

Form builders:

unityrepetition of musical ideas“musical glue”

contrastnew musical ideascreates forward motion, suspense

variationrestated musical idea with some change(s)


Introduction to music

Form

Some example forms found in music:

Time:00:00xx:yy

piece 1:ABA

piece 2:AABB

piece 3:ABACABA

piece 4:AA1A2A3A4A5A6(AA’A”A”’ etc.)

How many sections in each piece?

How many musical ideas in each piece?

Does a piece’s form give any information about its length?

Does each form balance new ideas and repeated ideas?

What label from the previous slide would you apply to form #4?

How does form #4 create and balance unity and contrast?


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes

Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

A--B BIG CONTRAST

ABA’

Describe A:Describe B:Compare with A

melodymelodysimilaritiestone colortone colordifferencesrangerangecontourcontour motionmotion

accompanimentaccompaniment

3 sections

2 highly contrasting ideas

KamienPg. 50


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes1

Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

ABA’


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes2

Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

A--B BIG CONTRAST

a--b some contrast

ABA’ aba’ca’

Flutetrio

melody

English

horn

melody

Flute

melody

repeated

Trumpet

melody


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes3

Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

ABA’

abaca

Flutetrio

melody

English

horn

melody

Flute

melody

repeated

Trumpet

melody


Listening for form tchaikovsky dance of the reed flutes4

Listening for formTchaikovsky, Dance of the Reed Flutes

ABA’

aba’ca’

aaba’a’cc’a’a’

Flutetrio

English

horn

Trumpet

melody

Track theentire piece


Style

Style

…is what’s

fashionable

in terms of:

melody

rhythm

tone color

dynamics

harmony

texture

form

Listeners’ tastes determine the nature of each of these elements, and those tastes change throughout the course of history. For example, the 16th century was the “golden age of polyphony,” but homophony was favored in the early 17th century.

17th century music was based on long, complex melodies; 18th century listeners preferred simple, short, folk-like melodies.


Stylistic periods

Stylistic periods

450-14505-15CMiddle Ages

1450-160016CRenaissance

1600-175017CBaroque

1750-182018CClassical

1820-190019CRomantic

1900-200020CTwentieth Century


Stylistic periods1

Stylistic periods

5-15CMiddle Ages

16CRenaissance

17CBaroque

18CClassical

19CRomantic

20CTwentieth Century

Know this!


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