II. Histories of Sound 2. Histories of Sound and Technology. Listening tech( nique )ology in 19 th century medicine (Nicolson ) The phonograph in lab experiments in the early 1900s ( Kursell ) Historiographies of mechanical music (Katz )
II. Histories of Sound
2. Histories of Sound and Technology
1. Having the Doctor’s Ear in 19th Century Edinburgh
Pages from De l’auscultation mediate (published in 1819) showing Laennec’s stethoscope design
Laennec’s stethoscope (lf.) compared to a contemporary design (rt.) – see discussion of N.P. Comins’s development of a flexible model (p. 160-161)
Was the introduction of auscultation in Britain a contested process?
2. A Gray Box: The Phonograph in Laboratory Experiments and Field Work, 1900-1920
The phonograph as a site of intersection for technology, experimental practices,
and ways of hearing and listening, none of which were stable. (p. 178)
The Phonograph as a scientific instrument :
Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville’sPhonautograph, 1857
Alexander Graham Bell & Clarence Blake’s Ear Phonautograph, 1874
ManometricFlame Apparatus, 1862
Carl Ludwig’s Kymograph, 1840s
The phonograph was central to the founding of ethnomusicology. (Berlin Phonogram Archive, founded in 1908, and others like it established to preserve samples of music that were as yet unknown to researches, and were in danger of being lost forever.
Frances Densmore recording Blackfoot chief Mountain Chief on a cylinder phonograph for the Bureau of American Ethology in 1916
3. The Amateur in The Age of Mechanical Music
Exploring the role of amateur music in the age of sound recording and reproduction technologies:
4 Case Studies:
For Thursday: Choose a sound technology and do research on the historical developments and factors that shaped its present form, then compare that history to one that we studied this week. Create a blog post and be prepared to discuss in class.
Also please bring your phone if you have music apps on it!