Unit 3 review
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Unit 3 Review. Kyle, Megan, Emily, Danny, Michelle, William . Overview-Public Opinion . Public opinion is difficult to determine.

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Unit 3 Review

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Unit 3 Review

Kyle, Megan, Emily, Danny, Michelle, William


Overview-Public Opinion

  • Public opinion is difficult to determine.

  • Silent Majority- A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960s.

  • Chief sources of political opinion (family,religion, information,schooling)

  • Causes of differences in opinion include a) race and ethnicity b) class c)region


Overview-Political Divisions

  • People rarely fall into one neat political category (conservative on some issue and liberal on others).

  • Political Ideology- a more or less consistent set of views as to the policies government ought to pursue. Economic and social division amongst people (Pure Liberal,Pure Conservative, Libertarian, and Populist)


Overview-Political Elites

  • Definition: An identifiable group of person who possess a disproportionate share of some valued resource-such as money or political power.

  • Political elites tend to be more consistent in their political beliefs.

  • They influence public opinion more than any ordinary person.


Overview: Political Participation

  • low voter turnout comes mostly from people not being registered to vote

  • voting-age population:citizens eligible to vote

  • registered voters- citizens registered to vote

  • motor-voter law- requires states to allow people to register to vote when applying for a driver’s license


Overview: Political Participation

voter turnout

  • suffrage has been greatly extended since the ratification of the constitution

  • data shows a decline in voter turnout, but this could be from a number of factors

  • Australian ballot: government- printed ballot of uniform size and shape that is cast in secret


Overview: Political Participation

Forms of Participation

  • voting specialists

  • campaigners

  • communalists

  • parochial participants

    Political Participation tends to be determined by schooling, age, race, and socioeconomic status


Overview-Political Parties

  • Political Parties=A Group that seeks to elect candidates to public office by supplying them with a label by which they are known to the electorate

  • Reasons for differences from European Parties

    • Federal system decentralizes power

    • Parties regulated by state and federal laws

    • Candidates chosen through primaries

  • National Party Structure today

    • National convention=They meet every four years to nominate presidential candidates

    • National committee

    • congressional campaign committee

    • National chair-manages daily work


Overview-Political Parties

  • Rise and Decline of the Political Party

    • Founding

      • emergence of the republicans and federalist

    • Jacksonians:1824-civil war

      • Political participation becomes mass phenomenon

    • Civil War and Sectionalism

    • Era of Reform

      • Made parties weaker because progressives wanted primary elections and strict voter registration


Overview-Political Parties

  • State and Local Parties

    • Political Machine-A party organization that recruits it’s members by the use of tangible incentives

    • Ideological parties-Principle above all

    • Solidary incentives- Enjoy the political scene

    • Sponsored parties- Strong association created of volunteers

    • Personal following- Work for person wanting election, then disband

  • Minor Parties

    • Ideological parties-Most enduring minor parties

    • Factional parties- Most important


Overview- Elections and Campaigns

  • In order to be elected to Congress or to the presidency, effective campaigns are essential

  • Presidential and congressional campaigns differ in various aspects like size, competitiveness, voting turnout, and services for their constituents

  • It is easier for congressional candidates to duck responsibility than presidential candidates

  • Presidential candidates, including incumbents, are held responsible for troubles in the government and the nation


Overview- Elections and Campaigns

  • Presidential campaign requires a lot of money, effective organization, and strategic decisions

  • Political action committees can give candidates up to $5,000

  • General election and primary election

    • open and closed primaries

  • In campaigns, candidates deal with position issues and valence issues

  • Television has changed the dynamics of campaigns with paid advertisements, news broadcasts, and debates


Overview- Elections and Campaigns

  • Party identification is a main determinant of how people vote

  • Prospective voting and retrospective voting

  • The decay of parties

    • increase in voting a split ticket as opposed to a straight ticket

    • decline in the value of presidential coattails


Answer Key!

1) Political ideology _t____

2) Political elite ____j___

3) Australian ballot __b___

4) Solidary incentives _m__

5) Coattails ___f___

6) Critical election __g____

7) Position issue ___n____

8) Plurality system __e____

9) Libertarians ___p___

10) Political party ___c___

11) Liberals ___i___

12) Silent majority __a___

13) Gender gap _____k___

14) Progressives ____d____

15) Conservatives ___o___

16) Closed primary ___h__

17) Political action committee ____r__

18) Ideological party ___u_

19) Populists ___s____

20) Political machine __l__

21) Open primary __q____


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