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Midterm Review 2013. Prokaryotic Cells contain: (Answer all that apply). DNA Chloroplasts Nucleus Cell Membrane Cytoplasm. Prokaryotic cells are…. Unicellular Multicellular . Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus. True False. Which answers make up the cell theory?.

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prokaryotic cells contain answer all that apply
Prokaryotic Cells contain: (Answer all that apply)
  • DNA
  • Chloroplasts
  • Nucleus
  • Cell Membrane
  • Cytoplasm
prokaryotic cells are
Prokaryotic cells are…
  • Unicellular
  • Multicellular
which answers make up the cell theory
Which answers make up the cell theory?
  • All living things breathe
  • All living things are composed of 1 or more cells
  • Cells appear out of nowhere
  • More than 1 cell is required for life
  • Cells are the basic unit of structure and function
  • Cells come from pre-existing cells
  • All cells contain a nucleus
  • Cells contain DNA
which of these best distinguishes a prokaryotic cell from a eukaryotic cell
Which of these best distinguishes a prokaryotic cell from a eukaryotic cell:
  • Prokaryotic cells have a cell wall, but eukaryotic cells never do
  • Prokaryotic cells are typically much larger than eukaryotic cells
  • Prokaryotic cells have flagella but eukaryotic cells do not
  • Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus but eukaryotic cells have a nucleus
viruses
Viruses…
  • Have the ability to reproduce on their own
  • Have DNA
  • Maintain homeostasis
  • Are alive
which organelle digests old organelles food and viruses
Which organelle digests old organelles, food and viruses?
  • Golgi Body
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Ribosomes
  • Lysosomes
  • Vacuole
  • Mitochondria
which organelle is located near the nucleus and has ribosomes attached
Which organelle is located near the nucleus and has ribosomes attached?
  • Golgi Body
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Ribosomes
  • Lysosomes
  • Vacuole
  • Mitochondria
which organelle modifies and packages molecules like proteins to be shipped around the cell
Which organelle modifies and packages molecules like proteins to be shipped around the cell?
  • Golgi Body
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Ribosomes
  • Lysosomes
  • Vacuole
  • Mitochondria
which organelle makes energy for the cell by breaking down glucose sugar
Which organelle makes energy for the cell by breaking down glucose (sugar)?
  • Golgi Body
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Ribosomes
  • Lysosomes
  • Vacuole
  • Mitochondria
what organelle is the red arrow pointing to
What organelle is the red arrow pointing to?
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Golgi Body
  • Mitochondria
  • Chloroplast
  • Ribosome
  • Lysosome
  • Cytoplasm
which kinds of cells can have a cell wall
Which kinds of cells can have a cell wall?
  • Plant
  • Animal
  • Bacteria
  • Prokaryotes
a structure found in cell 2 that is not found in cell 1 is
A structure found in Cell 2 that is not found in Cell 1 is…
  • Nucleus
  • Mitochondria
  • Vacuole
  • Chloroplast

1

2

which of the following depicts flagella

2.

1.

Which of the following depicts flagella?
  • Picture Choice 1
  • Picture Choice 2
which of the following organelles provides energy for the cell
Which of the following organelles provides energy for the cell?
  • Nucleus
  • Lysosome
  • Mitochondria
  • Golgi Body
molecule s x are most likely
Molecule(s) “X” are most likely:
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monomers
  • Polymers
  • Water
  • Starch
reactions a and b are respectively known as
Reactions A and B are respectively known as:
  • Dehydration, hydrolysis
  • Condensation, hydrolysis
  • Polymerization, decomposition
  • Hydrolysis, dehydration

A

B

which molecules below are considered organic

NaCl

Which molecules below are considered organic:
  • A and B
  • A, B, C
  • A, B, C, D,
  • A, B, C, D, E

B

A

D

C

E

disaccharides are 2 bonded together through
Disaccharides are 2 _________ bonded together through ________________
  • Polysaccharides ; dehydration synthesis
  • Monosaccharides ; dehydration synthesis
  • Polysaccharides ; hydrolysis
  • Monosaccharides ; hydrolysis
  • Trisaccharides ; dehydration synthesis
monosaccharides provide this
Monosaccharides provide this:
  • Quick energy
  • Long lasting energy
  • No energy
this is an example of a
This is an example of a _______
  • Monosaccharide
  • Disaccharide
  • Polysaccharide
which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by plants
Which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by plants?
  • Glycogen
  • Cellulose
  • Starch
  • Chitin
which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by animals
Which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by animals?
  • Glycogen
  • Cellulose
  • Starch
  • Chitin
building monomers into polymers occurs through by removing
Building monomers into polymers occurs through _____ by removing _____
  • Hydrolysis; oil
  • Dehydration synthesis; oil
  • Hydrolysis; water
  • Dehydration synthesis; water
breaking up polymers into individual monomers is called is added
Breaking up polymers into individual monomers is called _______ & ______ is added
  • Hydrolysis; water
  • Dehydration synthesis; water
  • Hydrolysis; oil
  • Dehydration synthesis; oil
the purpose s of polysaccharides is are
The purpose(s) of polysaccharides is/are
  • Make water
  • Store water
  • Provide energy
  • Provide structure
because the sides of the dna ladder run in opposite directions dna is said to be
Because the sides of the DNA ladder run in opposite directions, DNA is said to be…
  • Parallel
  • Nonparallel
  • Antiparallel
  • proparallel
1 the following sample shows a positive test for
1.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?
  • Protein
  • Sugar
  • Starch
  • Fat
2 the following sample shows a positive test for
2.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?
  • Protein
  • Sugar
  • Starch
  • Fat
3 the following sample shows a positive test for
3.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?
  • Protein
  • Sugar
  • Starch
  • Fat
5 which of these is the monomer of a nucleic acid
5. Which of these is the monomer of a nucleic acid?
  • Figure A
  • Amino acid
  • Nucleotide
  • DNA

A

…….

based on the diagram of photosynthesis these represent glucose and carbon dioxide respectively
Based on the diagram of photosynthesis, these represent glucose and carbon dioxide respectively:
  • A and B
  • C and D
  • D and A
  • A and D

A

C

B

D

Chloroplast

Reactants

Products

based on the diagram of cellular respiration these represent oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively
Based on the diagram of cellular respiration, these represent oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively:
  • A and C
  • C and A
  • A and B
  • E and F

C

D

A

E

B

F

Mitochondria

Products

Reactants

slide47
In the absence of oxygen what alternative process does your body utilize to convert chemical energy to mechanical energy/ATP?
  • Photosynthesis
  • Cellular respiration
  • Osmosis
  • Fermentation
if molecule y is a protein molecule marked w is most likely
If molecule “Y” is a protein, molecule marked “W” is most likely:
  • Sugars
  • Nucleotides
  • Carboxyl Group
  • Amino acids
  • Fatty Acids
when a dehydration reaction takes place between the molecules below a bond is formed
When a dehydration reaction takes place between the molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:
  • Polar
  • Peptide
  • Ionic
  • Hydrogen
  • Amino

……………………………………………………………………….

which level of protein structure is shown here
Which level of protein structure is shown here?
  • primary
  • secondary
  • tertiary
  • quaternary

d

a

b

c

what level of protein structure is shown below
What level of protein structure is shown below?
  • Primary
  • Secondary
  • Tertiary
  • Quaternary
the process taking place in location 6 can best be described as

1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The process taking place in location “6”can best be described as:
  • Transcription
  • Translation
  • Hydrolysis
  • Fermentation
what is molecule number 1

1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

What is molecule number 1?
  • Ribosome
  • Protein
  • DNA
  • Mitochondria
  • RNA
the process taking place in location 9 can best be described as

1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The process taking place in location “9”can best be described as:
  • Transcription
  • Translation
  • Hydrolysis
  • Fermentation
the 3 nitrogen bases on the molecules marked number 8 are called what

1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The 3 nitrogen bases on the molecules marked number 8 are called what?
  • DNA
  • Anticodon
  • Proteins
  • Codon
  • Amino Acids
the molecule marked number 7 is what

1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The molecule marked number 7 is what?
  • Nucleus
  • DNA
  • Ribosome
  • Mitochondria
slide60
A particular strand of DNA has the following sequence of nitrogen bases…T C A G A G C C AWhat is the corresponding strand of mRNA
  • A G T C T C G G T
  • C C C C C C C C C
  • A G U C U C G G U
  • U G G C U C U G A
slide61

A particular strand of mRNA has the following sequence of nitrogen bases…U C A G A G C C AWhat is the amino acid sequence produced by this strand

  • Phenylalanine – Leucine – Isoleucine
  • Serine – Glutamate – Threonine
  • Valine – Alanine – Glycine
  • Serine – Glutamate – Proline
the letters b and e represent which molecules respectively in that order

E

D

A

B

C

The letters B and E represent which molecules respectively (in that order)
  • Deoxyribose sugar : Nitrogen Base
  • Phosphate : Nitrogen Base
  • Ribose sugar : Phosphate
  • Glucose : Thymine
predict the water movement
Predict the water movement
  • Into Cell
  • Out of cell

Cell= 10% salt

Solution=20% salt

what will happen to the cell
What will happen to the cell?
  • Swell
  • Shrink

Cell= 10% salt

Solution=20% salt

which of the following pictures shows the proper orientation of phospholipids in a cell membrane

1.

2.

3.

4.

Which of the following pictures shows the proper orientation of phospholipids in a cell membrane?
  • Picture Choice 1
  • Picture Choice 2
  • Picture Choice 3
  • Picture Choice 4
based on the picture to the right which of the following shows how the water will move

2.

1.

3.

Based on the picture to the right, which of the following shows how the water will move?
  • Picture Choice 1
  • Picture Choice 2
  • Picture Choice 3
what process is best illustrated below

= Solute

= Water

What process is best illustrated below?
  • Diffusion
  • Osmosis
  • Hydrolysis
  • Active Transport
which of the following is true

A

C

B

Which of the following is true?
  • C illustrates a cell in a hypotonic solution
  • B illustrates a cell in a hypertonic solution
  • Both 1 and 2 are true
  • Both 1 and 2 are false
cell a has 4 chromosomes and cell d has 2 chromosomes what process created cell d

Cell A

Cell B

Cell C

Cell D

Cell A has 4 chromosomes and Cell D has 2 chromosomes. What process created Cell D?
  • Mitosis
  • Independent assortment
  • Hydrolysis
  • Meiosis
cell a is considered while cell d is considered
Cell A is considered _______ while Cell D is considered ________.
  • Haploid; Diploid
  • Tetrad; Diploid
  • Diploid; Haploid
  • Homologous; Haploid

Cell A

Cell B

Cell C

Cell D

how can we best describe the diagram below
How can we best describe the diagram below?
  • Two sister chromatids
  • Homologous chromosomes
  • One replicated chromosome
  • Haploid chromsomes
what process is best demonstrated by the diagram below
What process is best demonstrated by the diagram below?
  • Anaphase I
  • Segregation of alleles
  • Crossing over
  • Independent assortment
when does the process of crossing over occur during meiosis
When does the process of crossing over occur during meiosis?
  • Prophase I
  • Metaphase I
  • Anaphase I
  • Prophase II
  • Metaphase II
  • Anaphase II
  • Interphase
what is best illustrated by the two diagrams below
What is best illustrated by the two diagrams below?
  • DNA replication
  • Mitosis
  • Crossing over
  • Independent assortment
which of the following leads to genetic variation during meiosis
Which of the following leads to genetic variation during meiosis?
  • All of the above (A, B, C, D)
  • A & B
  • A & D
  • A, B, & D
  • A & C
  • Crossing Over
  • DNA replication
  • Independent assortment
  • Tetrad formation
which of the chromosomes below are homologous to chromosome one

Unibrow

2 eye brows

Blue Eyes

A

B

C

D

ONE

Which of the chromosomes below are homologous to chromosome ONE
  • A
  • A and B
  • B and C
  • B
  • C
  • B and D
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