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Midterm Review 2013. Prokaryotic Cells contain: (Answer all that apply). DNA Chloroplasts Nucleus Cell Membrane Cytoplasm. Prokaryotic cells are…. Unicellular Multicellular . Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus. True False. Which answers make up the cell theory?.

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Prokaryotic cells contain answer all that apply
Prokaryotic Cells contain: (Answer all that apply)

  • DNA

  • Chloroplasts

  • Nucleus

  • Cell Membrane

  • Cytoplasm


Prokaryotic cells are
Prokaryotic cells are…

  • Unicellular

  • Multicellular



Which answers make up the cell theory
Which answers make up the cell theory?

  • All living things breathe

  • All living things are composed of 1 or more cells

  • Cells appear out of nowhere

  • More than 1 cell is required for life

  • Cells are the basic unit of structure and function

  • Cells come from pre-existing cells

  • All cells contain a nucleus

  • Cells contain DNA



Which of these best distinguishes a prokaryotic cell from a eukaryotic cell
Which of these best distinguishes a prokaryotic cell from a eukaryotic cell:

  • Prokaryotic cells have a cell wall, but eukaryotic cells never do

  • Prokaryotic cells are typically much larger than eukaryotic cells

  • Prokaryotic cells have flagella but eukaryotic cells do not

  • Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus but eukaryotic cells have a nucleus



Viruses
Viruses… cells.

  • Have the ability to reproduce on their own

  • Have DNA

  • Maintain homeostasis

  • Are alive


Which organelle digests old organelles food and viruses
Which organelle digests old organelles, food and viruses? cells.

  • Golgi Body

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Ribosomes

  • Lysosomes

  • Vacuole

  • Mitochondria


Which organelle is located near the nucleus and has ribosomes attached
Which organelle is located near the nucleus and has ribosomes attached?

  • Golgi Body

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Ribosomes

  • Lysosomes

  • Vacuole

  • Mitochondria


Which organelle modifies and packages molecules like proteins to be shipped around the cell
Which organelle modifies and packages molecules like proteins to be shipped around the cell?

  • Golgi Body

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Ribosomes

  • Lysosomes

  • Vacuole

  • Mitochondria


Which organelle makes energy for the cell by breaking down glucose sugar
Which organelle makes energy for the cell by breaking down glucose (sugar)?

  • Golgi Body

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Ribosomes

  • Lysosomes

  • Vacuole

  • Mitochondria


What organelle is the red arrow pointing to
What organelle is the red arrow pointing to? glucose (sugar)?

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Golgi Body

  • Mitochondria

  • Chloroplast

  • Ribosome

  • Lysosome

  • Cytoplasm


Which kinds of cells can have a cell wall
Which kinds of cells can have a cell wall? glucose (sugar)?

  • Plant

  • Animal

  • Bacteria

  • Prokaryotes


Which kinds of cells can have a cilia and flagella
Which kinds of cells can have a Cilia and Flagella? glucose (sugar)?

  • Plant

  • Animal

  • Bacteria

  • Prokaryotes


A structure found in cell 2 that is not found in cell 1 is
A structure found in Cell 2 that is not found in Cell 1 is…

  • Nucleus

  • Mitochondria

  • Vacuole

  • Chloroplast

1

2


Which of the following depicts flagella

2. is…

1.

Which of the following depicts flagella?

  • Picture Choice 1

  • Picture Choice 2


Which of the following organelles provides energy for the cell
Which of the following organelles provides energy for the cell?

  • Nucleus

  • Lysosome

  • Mitochondria

  • Golgi Body


Based on this diagram of a cell membrane where is the nonpolar region located

C cell?

A

B

Based on this diagram of a cell membrane, where is the nonpolar region located?

C

  • A

  • B

  • C

B



The molecules marked w are best described as
The molecules marked “W” are best described as: cell?

  • Monomers

  • Polymers

  • Isomers

  • isotopes


Molecule s x are most likely
Molecule(s) “X” are most likely: cell?

  • Carbohydrates

  • Monomers

  • Polymers

  • Water

  • Starch


Reactions a and b are respectively known as
Reactions A and B cell?are respectively known as:

  • Dehydration, hydrolysis

  • Condensation, hydrolysis

  • Polymerization, decomposition

  • Hydrolysis, dehydration

A

B


Which molecules below are considered organic

NaCl cell?

Which molecules below are considered organic:

  • A and B

  • A, B, C

  • A, B, C, D,

  • A, B, C, D, E

B

A

D

C

E


Disaccharides are 2 bonded together through
Disaccharides are 2 _________ bonded together through ________________

  • Polysaccharides ; dehydration synthesis

  • Monosaccharides ; dehydration synthesis

  • Polysaccharides ; hydrolysis

  • Monosaccharides ; hydrolysis

  • Trisaccharides ; dehydration synthesis


Monosaccharides provide this
Monosaccharides provide this: ________________

  • Quick energy

  • Long lasting energy

  • No energy


This is an example of a
This is an example of a _______ ________________

  • Monosaccharide

  • Disaccharide

  • Polysaccharide


Which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by plants
Which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by plants?

  • Glycogen

  • Cellulose

  • Starch

  • Chitin


Which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by animals
Which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by animals?

  • Glycogen

  • Cellulose

  • Starch

  • Chitin


Building monomers into polymers occurs through by removing
Building monomers into polymers occurs through _____ by removing _____

  • Hydrolysis; oil

  • Dehydration synthesis; oil

  • Hydrolysis; water

  • Dehydration synthesis; water


Breaking up polymers into individual monomers is called is added
Breaking up polymers into individual monomers is called _______ & ______ is added

  • Hydrolysis; water

  • Dehydration synthesis; water

  • Hydrolysis; oil

  • Dehydration synthesis; oil


Which functional group is the following molecule
Which functional group is the following molecule? _______ & ______ is added

  • Aldehyde

  • Ketone

  • Amino

  • hydroxyl


The purpose s of polysaccharides is are
The purpose(s) of polysaccharides is/are _______ & ______ is added

  • Make water

  • Store water

  • Provide energy

  • Provide structure


The molecule at the location identified by the arrow
The molecule at the location identified by the arrow: _______ & ______ is added

  • Adenine

  • Guanine

  • Sugar

  • Phosphate

  • thymine


The molecule at the location identified by the arrow1
The molecule at the location identified by the arrow: _______ & ______ is added

  • Adenine

  • Guanine

  • Sugar

  • Phosphate

  • thymine


Because the sides of the dna ladder run in opposite directions dna is said to be
Because the sides of the DNA ladder run in opposite directions, DNA is said to be…

  • Parallel

  • Nonparallel

  • Antiparallel

  • proparallel


1 the following sample shows a positive test for
1.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?

  • Protein

  • Sugar

  • Starch

  • Fat


2 the following sample shows a positive test for
2.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?

  • Protein

  • Sugar

  • Starch

  • Fat


3 the following sample shows a positive test for
3.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?

  • Protein

  • Sugar

  • Starch

  • Fat


3 which is bigger
3. Which is “bigger”? ___________?

  • Purine

  • Pyrimidine


5 which of these is the monomer of a nucleic acid
5. Which of these is the monomer of a nucleic acid? ___________?

  • Figure A

  • Amino acid

  • Nucleotide

  • DNA

A

…….


Based on the diagram of photosynthesis these represent glucose and carbon dioxide respectively
Based on the diagram of photosynthesis, these represent glucose and carbon dioxide respectively:

  • A and B

  • C and D

  • D and A

  • A and D

A

C

B

D

Chloroplast

Reactants

Products


Based on the diagram of cellular respiration these represent oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively
Based on the diagram of cellular respiration, these represent oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively:

  • A and C

  • C and A

  • A and B

  • E and F

C

D

A

E

B

F

Mitochondria

Products

Reactants


Which of the following represents solar energy

A represent oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively:

D

B

C

Which of the following represents solar energy?

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D


Which of the following represents chemical energy

A represent oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively:

D

B

C

Which of the following represents chemical energy?

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D


In the absence of oxygen what alternative process does your body utilize to convert chemical energy to mechanical energy/ATP?

  • Photosynthesis

  • Cellular respiration

  • Osmosis

  • Fermentation


If molecule y is a protein molecule marked w is most likely
If molecule “Y” is a protein, molecule marked “W” is most likely:

  • Sugars

  • Nucleotides

  • Carboxyl Group

  • Amino acids

  • Fatty Acids


When a dehydration reaction takes place between the molecules below a bond is formed
When a dehydration reaction takes place between the molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

  • Polar

  • Peptide

  • Ionic

  • Hydrogen

  • Amino

……………………………………………………………………….


Which bond type is called a hydrogen bond
Which bond type is called a hydrogen bond? molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

d

a

b

c


Where would an ionic bond form
Where would an ionic bond form? molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

d

a

b

c


Which area s of this molecule would be repulsed by water
Which area(s) of this molecule would be repulsed by water? molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

d

a

b

c


Which level of protein structure is shown here
Which level of protein structure is shown here? molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

  • primary

  • secondary

  • tertiary

  • quaternary

d

a

b

c


What level of protein structure is shown below
What level of protein structure is shown below? molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

  • Primary

  • Secondary

  • Tertiary

  • Quaternary


The process taking place in location 6 can best be described as

1 molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The process taking place in location “6”can best be described as:

  • Transcription

  • Translation

  • Hydrolysis

  • Fermentation


What is molecule number 1

1 molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

What is molecule number 1?

  • Ribosome

  • Protein

  • DNA

  • Mitochondria

  • RNA


The process taking place in location 9 can best be described as

1 molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The process taking place in location “9”can best be described as:

  • Transcription

  • Translation

  • Hydrolysis

  • Fermentation


The 3 nitrogen bases on the molecules marked number 8 are called what

1 molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The 3 nitrogen bases on the molecules marked number 8 are called what?

  • DNA

  • Anticodon

  • Proteins

  • Codon

  • Amino Acids


The molecule marked number 7 is what

1 molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The molecule marked number 7 is what?

  • Nucleus

  • DNA

  • Ribosome

  • Mitochondria


A particular strand of DNA has the following sequence of nitrogen bases…T C A G A G C C AWhat is the corresponding strand of mRNA

  • A G T C T C G G T

  • C C C C C C C C C

  • A G U C U C G G U

  • U G G C U C U G A


A particular strand of mRNA has the following sequence of nitrogen bases…U C A G A G C C AWhat is the amino acid sequence produced by this strand

  • Phenylalanine – Leucine – Isoleucine

  • Serine – Glutamate – Threonine

  • Valine – Alanine – Glycine

  • Serine – Glutamate – Proline


The letters b and e represent which molecules respectively in that order

E nitrogen bases…

D

A

B

C

The letters B and E represent which molecules respectively (in that order)

  • Deoxyribose sugar : Nitrogen Base

  • Phosphate : Nitrogen Base

  • Ribose sugar : Phosphate

  • Glucose : Thymine


Predict the water movement
Predict the water movement nitrogen bases…

  • Into Cell

  • Out of cell

Cell= 10% salt

Solution=20% salt


What will happen to the cell
What will happen to the cell? nitrogen bases…

  • Swell

  • Shrink

Cell= 10% salt

Solution=20% salt


Which of the following pictures shows the proper orientation of phospholipids in a cell membrane

1. nitrogen bases…

2.

3.

4.

Which of the following pictures shows the proper orientation of phospholipids in a cell membrane?

  • Picture Choice 1

  • Picture Choice 2

  • Picture Choice 3

  • Picture Choice 4


Which beaker demonstrates what would happen to a cell if placed in an isotonic solution

1 nitrogen bases…

2

3

Which beaker demonstrates what would happen to a cell if placed in an isotonic solution?

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3


Based on the picture to the right which of the following shows how the water will move

2. nitrogen bases…

1.

3.

Based on the picture to the right, which of the following shows how the water will move?

  • Picture Choice 1

  • Picture Choice 2

  • Picture Choice 3


What process is best illustrated below

= Solute nitrogen bases…

= Water

What process is best illustrated below?

  • Diffusion

  • Osmosis

  • Hydrolysis

  • Active Transport


Which of the following is true

A nitrogen bases…

C

B

Which of the following is true?

  • C illustrates a cell in a hypotonic solution

  • B illustrates a cell in a hypertonic solution

  • Both 1 and 2 are true

  • Both 1 and 2 are false


Cell a has 4 chromosomes and cell d has 2 chromosomes what process created cell d

Cell A nitrogen bases…

Cell B

Cell C

Cell D

Cell A has 4 chromosomes and Cell D has 2 chromosomes. What process created Cell D?

  • Mitosis

  • Independent assortment

  • Hydrolysis

  • Meiosis


Cell a is considered while cell d is considered
Cell A is considered _______ while Cell D is considered ________.

  • Haploid; Diploid

  • Tetrad; Diploid

  • Diploid; Haploid

  • Homologous; Haploid

Cell A

Cell B

Cell C

Cell D


Anaphase i looks like

A ________.

B

C

D

Anaphase I looks like ___.

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D


Which of the numbers below best represents a chromatid

3 ________.

1

4

2

Which of the numbers below best represents a chromatid?

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

Cell A

Cell B


Which of the numbers below best represents homologous chromosomes

3 ________.

1

4

2

Which of the numbers below best represents homologous chromosomes?

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

Cell A

Cell B


How can we best describe the diagram below
How can we best describe the diagram below? ________.

  • Two sister chromatids

  • Homologous chromosomes

  • One replicated chromosome

  • Haploid chromsomes


What process is best demonstrated by the diagram below
What process is best demonstrated by the diagram below? ________.

  • Anaphase I

  • Segregation of alleles

  • Crossing over

  • Independent assortment


When does the process of crossing over occur during meiosis
When does the process of crossing over occur during meiosis? ________.

  • Prophase I

  • Metaphase I

  • Anaphase I

  • Prophase II

  • Metaphase II

  • Anaphase II

  • Interphase


What is best illustrated by the two diagrams below
What is best illustrated by the two diagrams below? ________.

  • DNA replication

  • Mitosis

  • Crossing over

  • Independent assortment


Which of the following leads to genetic variation during meiosis
Which of the following leads to genetic variation during meiosis?

  • All of the above (A, B, C, D)

  • A & B

  • A & D

  • A, B, & D

  • A & C

  • Crossing Over

  • DNA replication

  • Independent assortment

  • Tetrad formation


Which of the chromosomes below are homologous to chromosome one

Unibrow meiosis?

2 eye brows

Blue Eyes

A

B

C

D

ONE

Which of the chromosomes below are homologous to chromosome ONE

  • A

  • A and B

  • B and C

  • B

  • C

  • B and D


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