Midterm review 2013
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Midterm Review 2013. Prokaryotic Cells contain: (Answer all that apply). DNA Chloroplasts Nucleus Cell Membrane Cytoplasm. Prokaryotic cells are…. Unicellular Multicellular . Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus. True False. Which answers make up the cell theory?.

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Midterm Review 2013

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Midterm Review2013


Prokaryotic Cells contain: (Answer all that apply)

  • DNA

  • Chloroplasts

  • Nucleus

  • Cell Membrane

  • Cytoplasm


Prokaryotic cells are…

  • Unicellular

  • Multicellular


Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus.

  • True

  • False


Which answers make up the cell theory?

  • All living things breathe

  • All living things are composed of 1 or more cells

  • Cells appear out of nowhere

  • More than 1 cell is required for life

  • Cells are the basic unit of structure and function

  • Cells come from pre-existing cells

  • All cells contain a nucleus

  • Cells contain DNA


Plant cells contain a nucleus.

  • True

  • False


Which of these best distinguishes a prokaryotic cell from a eukaryotic cell:

  • Prokaryotic cells have a cell wall, but eukaryotic cells never do

  • Prokaryotic cells are typically much larger than eukaryotic cells

  • Prokaryotic cells have flagella but eukaryotic cells do not

  • Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus but eukaryotic cells have a nucleus


E. coli and Salmonella bacteria are examples of Eukaryotic cells.

  • True

  • False


Viruses…

  • Have the ability to reproduce on their own

  • Have DNA

  • Maintain homeostasis

  • Are alive


Which organelle digests old organelles, food and viruses?

  • Golgi Body

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Ribosomes

  • Lysosomes

  • Vacuole

  • Mitochondria


Which organelle is located near the nucleus and has ribosomes attached?

  • Golgi Body

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Ribosomes

  • Lysosomes

  • Vacuole

  • Mitochondria


Which organelle modifies and packages molecules like proteins to be shipped around the cell?

  • Golgi Body

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Ribosomes

  • Lysosomes

  • Vacuole

  • Mitochondria


Which organelle makes energy for the cell by breaking down glucose (sugar)?

  • Golgi Body

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Ribosomes

  • Lysosomes

  • Vacuole

  • Mitochondria


What organelle is the red arrow pointing to?

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Golgi Body

  • Mitochondria

  • Chloroplast

  • Ribosome

  • Lysosome

  • Cytoplasm


Which kinds of cells can have a cell wall?

  • Plant

  • Animal

  • Bacteria

  • Prokaryotes


Which kinds of cells can have a Cilia and Flagella?

  • Plant

  • Animal

  • Bacteria

  • Prokaryotes


A structure found in Cell 2 that is not found in Cell 1 is…

  • Nucleus

  • Mitochondria

  • Vacuole

  • Chloroplast

1

2


2.

1.

Which of the following depicts flagella?

  • Picture Choice 1

  • Picture Choice 2


Which of the following organelles provides energy for the cell?

  • Nucleus

  • Lysosome

  • Mitochondria

  • Golgi Body


C

A

B

Based on this diagram of a cell membrane, where is the nonpolar region located?

C

  • A

  • B

  • C

B


Midterm Review part 2


The molecules marked “W” are best described as:

  • Monomers

  • Polymers

  • Isomers

  • isotopes


Molecule(s) “X” are most likely:

  • Carbohydrates

  • Monomers

  • Polymers

  • Water

  • Starch


Reactions A and B are respectively known as:

  • Dehydration, hydrolysis

  • Condensation, hydrolysis

  • Polymerization, decomposition

  • Hydrolysis, dehydration

A

B


NaCl

Which molecules below are considered organic:

  • A and B

  • A, B, C

  • A, B, C, D,

  • A, B, C, D, E

B

A

D

C

E


Disaccharides are 2 _________ bonded together through ________________

  • Polysaccharides ; dehydration synthesis

  • Monosaccharides ; dehydration synthesis

  • Polysaccharides ; hydrolysis

  • Monosaccharides ; hydrolysis

  • Trisaccharides ; dehydration synthesis


Monosaccharides provide this:

  • Quick energy

  • Long lasting energy

  • No energy


This is an example of a _______

  • Monosaccharide

  • Disaccharide

  • Polysaccharide


Which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by plants?

  • Glycogen

  • Cellulose

  • Starch

  • Chitin


Which of the following are structural polysaccharides used by animals?

  • Glycogen

  • Cellulose

  • Starch

  • Chitin


Building monomers into polymers occurs through _____ by removing _____

  • Hydrolysis; oil

  • Dehydration synthesis; oil

  • Hydrolysis; water

  • Dehydration synthesis; water


Breaking up polymers into individual monomers is called _______ & ______ is added

  • Hydrolysis; water

  • Dehydration synthesis; water

  • Hydrolysis; oil

  • Dehydration synthesis; oil


Which functional group is the following molecule?

  • Aldehyde

  • Ketone

  • Amino

  • hydroxyl


The purpose(s) of polysaccharides is/are

  • Make water

  • Store water

  • Provide energy

  • Provide structure


The molecule at the location identified by the arrow:

  • Adenine

  • Guanine

  • Sugar

  • Phosphate

  • thymine


The molecule at the location identified by the arrow:

  • Adenine

  • Guanine

  • Sugar

  • Phosphate

  • thymine


Because the sides of the DNA ladder run in opposite directions, DNA is said to be…

  • Parallel

  • Nonparallel

  • Antiparallel

  • proparallel


1.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?

  • Protein

  • Sugar

  • Starch

  • Fat


2.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?

  • Protein

  • Sugar

  • Starch

  • Fat


3.) The following sample shows a positive test for ___________?

  • Protein

  • Sugar

  • Starch

  • Fat


3. Which is “bigger”?

  • Purine

  • Pyrimidine


5. Which of these is the monomer of a nucleic acid?

  • Figure A

  • Amino acid

  • Nucleotide

  • DNA

A

…….


Based on the diagram of photosynthesis, these represent glucose and carbon dioxide respectively:

  • A and B

  • C and D

  • D and A

  • A and D

A

C

B

D

Chloroplast

Reactants

Products


Based on the diagram of cellular respiration, these represent oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively:

  • A and C

  • C and A

  • A and B

  • E and F

C

D

A

E

B

F

Mitochondria

Products

Reactants


A

D

B

C

Which of the following represents solar energy?

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D


A

D

B

C

Which of the following represents chemical energy?

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D


In the absence of oxygen what alternative process does your body utilize to convert chemical energy to mechanical energy/ATP?

  • Photosynthesis

  • Cellular respiration

  • Osmosis

  • Fermentation


If molecule “Y” is a protein, molecule marked “W” is most likely:

  • Sugars

  • Nucleotides

  • Carboxyl Group

  • Amino acids

  • Fatty Acids


When a dehydration reaction takes place between the molecules below, a ___________ bond is formed:

  • Polar

  • Peptide

  • Ionic

  • Hydrogen

  • Amino

……………………………………………………………………….


Which bond type is called a hydrogen bond?

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

d

a

b

c


Where would an ionic bond form?

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

d

a

b

c


Which area(s) of this molecule would be repulsed by water?

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

d

a

b

c


Which level of protein structure is shown here?

  • primary

  • secondary

  • tertiary

  • quaternary

d

a

b

c


What level of protein structure is shown below?

  • Primary

  • Secondary

  • Tertiary

  • Quaternary


1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The process taking place in location “6”can best be described as:

  • Transcription

  • Translation

  • Hydrolysis

  • Fermentation


1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

What is molecule number 1?

  • Ribosome

  • Protein

  • DNA

  • Mitochondria

  • RNA


1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The process taking place in location “9”can best be described as:

  • Transcription

  • Translation

  • Hydrolysis

  • Fermentation


1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The 3 nitrogen bases on the molecules marked number 8 are called what?

  • DNA

  • Anticodon

  • Proteins

  • Codon

  • Amino Acids


1

2

9

8

3

4

6

5

7

The molecule marked number 7 is what?

  • Nucleus

  • DNA

  • Ribosome

  • Mitochondria


A particular strand of DNA has the following sequence of nitrogen bases…T C A G A G C C AWhat is the corresponding strand of mRNA

  • A G T C T C G G T

  • C C C C C C C C C

  • A G U C U C G G U

  • U G G C U C U G A


A particular strand of mRNA has the following sequence of nitrogen bases…U C A G A G C C AWhat is the amino acid sequence produced by this strand

  • Phenylalanine – Leucine – Isoleucine

  • Serine – Glutamate – Threonine

  • Valine – Alanine – Glycine

  • Serine – Glutamate – Proline


E

D

A

B

C

The letters B and E represent which molecules respectively (in that order)

  • Deoxyribose sugar : Nitrogen Base

  • Phosphate : Nitrogen Base

  • Ribose sugar : Phosphate

  • Glucose : Thymine


Predict the water movement

  • Into Cell

  • Out of cell

Cell= 10% salt

Solution=20% salt


What will happen to the cell?

  • Swell

  • Shrink

Cell= 10% salt

Solution=20% salt


1.

2.

3.

4.

Which of the following pictures shows the proper orientation of phospholipids in a cell membrane?

  • Picture Choice 1

  • Picture Choice 2

  • Picture Choice 3

  • Picture Choice 4


1

2

3

Which beaker demonstrates what would happen to a cell if placed in an isotonic solution?

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3


2.

1.

3.

Based on the picture to the right, which of the following shows how the water will move?

  • Picture Choice 1

  • Picture Choice 2

  • Picture Choice 3


= Solute

= Water

What process is best illustrated below?

  • Diffusion

  • Osmosis

  • Hydrolysis

  • Active Transport


A

C

B

Which of the following is true?

  • C illustrates a cell in a hypotonic solution

  • B illustrates a cell in a hypertonic solution

  • Both 1 and 2 are true

  • Both 1 and 2 are false


Cell A

Cell B

Cell C

Cell D

Cell A has 4 chromosomes and Cell D has 2 chromosomes. What process created Cell D?

  • Mitosis

  • Independent assortment

  • Hydrolysis

  • Meiosis


Cell A is considered _______ while Cell D is considered ________.

  • Haploid; Diploid

  • Tetrad; Diploid

  • Diploid; Haploid

  • Homologous; Haploid

Cell A

Cell B

Cell C

Cell D


A

B

C

D

Anaphase I looks like ___.

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D


3

1

4

2

Which of the numbers below best represents a chromatid?

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

Cell A

Cell B


3

1

4

2

Which of the numbers below best represents homologous chromosomes?

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

Cell A

Cell B


How can we best describe the diagram below?

  • Two sister chromatids

  • Homologous chromosomes

  • One replicated chromosome

  • Haploid chromsomes


What process is best demonstrated by the diagram below?

  • Anaphase I

  • Segregation of alleles

  • Crossing over

  • Independent assortment


When does the process of crossing over occur during meiosis?

  • Prophase I

  • Metaphase I

  • Anaphase I

  • Prophase II

  • Metaphase II

  • Anaphase II

  • Interphase


What is best illustrated by the two diagrams below?

  • DNA replication

  • Mitosis

  • Crossing over

  • Independent assortment


Which of the following leads to genetic variation during meiosis?

  • All of the above (A, B, C, D)

  • A & B

  • A & D

  • A, B, & D

  • A & C

  • Crossing Over

  • DNA replication

  • Independent assortment

  • Tetrad formation


Unibrow

2 eye brows

Blue Eyes

A

B

C

D

ONE

Which of the chromosomes below are homologous to chromosome ONE

  • A

  • A and B

  • B and C

  • B

  • C

  • B and D


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