Transportation PLANNING and management. By Engr. Ghulam Hussain Lecturer Civil Engineering Department The University Of Lahore. Importance of Air Transportation. Accessibility to inaccessible areas Fastest mode of transportation Connectivity over land and water
Engr. Ghulam Hussain
Civil Engineering Department
The University Of Lahore
Accessibility to inaccessible areas
Fastest mode of transportation
Connectivity over land and water
Enhance international travel (tourism etc.)
Relief during emergencies and natural disasters (2005 earthquake, 2010 floods)
Regulatory Bodies and International Organizations
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)
Established in 1944 (headquarter is in Montreal Canada)
Became a specialized agency of United Nations in 1947.
International Air Transport Association (IATA)
International Air Carrier Association (IACA)
Airports Association Council International (AACI)
Pakistan International Airlines (PIA)
1951: creation of national flag carrier airline.
June 7, 1954: first linking Karachi and Dacca
February 1, 1955: service between Karachi and London via Cairo.
January 31, 1959: linking Karachi and Delhi.
May 5, 1961: leased Boeing 707-321 for service to London and New York.
April 29, 1964: service to the Chinese city of Shanghai.
Runway: for take-off and landing of aircrafts
Taxiway: connects runways with other parts of airport, e.g. apron, hangers
Apron: parking area for loading and unloading of passengers and cargo
Terminal building: interface between air and groundside, baggage and passenger processing area
Hangars: aircraft shelter and maintenance area
Air Traffic Control (ATC): includes control tower, guidance systems, lighting systems, etc.
A < 91
B 91 – 120
C 121 – 140
D 141 – 165
E > 165
1 Knot = 1.9 km/hr